Japan's Historical Occupational Structures. Osamu Saito and Tokihiko Settsu (Hitotsubashi University) 3 July 2009. INCHOS.
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Osamu Saito and Tokihiko Settsu
3 July 2009
King’s College, 28-31 July
England; Belgium; Germany; France;
The Netherlands; Italy; Spain; Bulgaria;
Japan; Taiwan; India; Indonesia; Russia;
Secondary, including mining
Problem of ‘labourers’ in early censuses
Pre-census data: e.g. baptismal register
Censuses: changes in ways in which female and child labour was recorded
When principal employment only, industrial and other forms of non-farm employment may be understated
Manufacturing employment grew in early modern times more substantially than in the classic industrial revolution
England: its growth more striking than that of secondary employment during the classic industrial revolution
Belgium: a similar growth pattern now emerging from new estimates
Implications for sectoral labour productivity growth
Sectoral gaps in earlier phases may well have been smaller than previously thought
could be associated with a greater division of labour in the Smithian sense
but acted as an obstacle to further divisions between intermediate and finished products
Farm family by-employment widespread in the latter half of the Tokugawa period.
The pattern could be inverse-U shaped.
When the existence of subsidiary workers is taken into account, to what extent will the existing national income estimates be affected?
Will see if the same model works
For this sector, net output readily available