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Good Morning!. NVC/Check Outlines Society Changes in the 1920s Harlem Renaissance: African-Americans in the 1920s Essential Question : Why were the Roaring 20’s so “roaring,” and who were they “roaring” for ? Homework : Cornell Notes pg. 360-361. The Economy in the 1920s.

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Good morning
Good Morning!

  • NVC/Check Outlines

  • Society Changes in the 1920s

  • Harlem Renaissance: African-Americans in the 1920s

    Essential Question: Why were the Roaring 20’s so “roaring,” and who were they “roaring” for?

    Homework: Cornell Notes pg. 360-361

The economy in the 1920s
The Economy in the 1920s

  • Speculation: buy something and assume it will gain value later

  • Consumerism: a culture of BUYING THINGS

    • Rise of Credit: buy now, pay later

    • Rise of Advertising

Rise of leisure time
Rise of Leisure time

  • Improved economy = more people with more money and less work hours

    • More time to spend doing things in the city

    • Rise of sports, movies, amusement parks, and nightclubs

    • Mass Communication: common culture of radio and movie entertainment

People trying new things
People trying new things

  • WWI left people disillusioned with the current system

    • Temptation to question authority and try new things

    • Young people (esp. women) get more bold

      • sexy fashion, jazz music, art, writings of Hemingway and Fitzgerald

Transition poetry analysis
Transition: Poetry Analysis

  • For each poem, answer the following questions

    • What is the message of this poem?

    • What vision of America does each poem present?

I Hear America Singing   by Walt Whitman

I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear,

Those of mechanics, each one singing his as it should be blithe and strong,

The carpenter singing his as he measures his plank or beam,

The mason singing his as he makes ready for work, or leaves off work,

The boatman singing what belongs to him in his boat, the deckhand singing on the steamboat deck,

The shoemaker singing as he sits on his bench, the hatter singing as he stands,

The wood-cutter's song, the ploughboy's on his way in the morning, or at noon intermission or at sundown,

The delicious singing of the mother, or of the young wife at work, or of the girl sewing or washing,

Each singing what belongs to him or her and to none else,

The day what belongs to the day--at night the party of young fellows, robust, friendly,

Singing with open mouths their strong melodious songs.

I, Too, Sing America   by Langston Hughes

I, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother.

They send me to eat in the kitchen

When company comes,

But I laugh,

And eat well,

And grow strong.


I'll be at the table

When company comes.

Nobody'll dare Say to me, "Eat in the kitchen,"


Besides, They'll see how beautiful I am

And be ashamed–

I, too, am America.

What is the message of each poem? How do the poems address the ideals

The harlem renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance

  • An era of written and artistic creativity among African-Americans that occurred after World War I and lasted until the middle of the 1930s Depression.

The harlem renaissance1
The Harlem Renaissance

  • A result of the Great Migration

    • Blacks moved to northern cities in WWI to work in factories

    • “New Negro Movement” centered in Harlem, NY

  • Outcomes

    • Writings, arts, and music flourish

    • New cultural pride: fight back against racism

      • NAACP takes the lead


  • Zora Neale Hurston

    • Famous author

  • Langston Hughes “Poet Laureate of Harlem”

Fighting back against racism with writing
Fighting Back Against Racism with Writing

Their eyes were watching God by Zora Neale Hurston

Ships at a distance have every man's wish on board. For some they come in with the tide. For others they sail forever on the horizon, never out of sight, never landing until the Watcher turns his eyes away in resignation, his dreams mocked to death by Time. That is the life of men.

Now, women forget all those things they don't want to remember, and remember everything they don't want to forget. The dream is the truth. Then they act and do things accordingly.

Fighting back against racism with poetry
Fighting Back Against Racism with Poetry

A Dream Deferred by Langston Hughes

What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?