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STIs and you. What the heck is a blue waffle?. What do you already know?. Turn and talk to the people around you about the following questions: What do you think is the most common STI? Who is at the highest risk to get an STI? How do people get STIs?. Some statistics….

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what do you already know
What do you already know?
  • Turn and talk to the people around you about the following questions:
    • What do you think is the most common STI?
    • Who is at the highest risk to get an STI?
    • How do people get STIs?
some statistics
Some statistics…
  • In the past few decades, the number of teens contracting STIs has risen DRAMATICALLY, mostly due to UNSAFE SEXUAL PRACTICES
  • This is due to:
    • Preference (condom vs no condom)
    • Peer pressure
    • Misinformed or uninformed
fact vs fiction
Fact vs Fiction
  • Fact or fiction:

You would be able to tell if someone else had an STI because there would be blisters, sores, warts, or other visible signs of infection.

fact vs fiction1
Fact vs Fiction
  • Fact or fiction:

You would be able to tell if someone else had an STI because there would be blisters, sores, warts, or other visible signs of infection.

FACT: Some STIs have NO VISIBLE signs; the person can be a carrier and never manifest signs of infection. The person may not even be aware they have an STI.

fact vs fiction2
Fact vs Fiction
  • Fact or fiction:

Only homosexual men or promiscuous women contract STIs.

fact vs fiction3
Fact vs Fiction
  • Fact or fiction:

Only homosexual men or promiscuous women contract STIs.

Fact:While it was believed in the 80s that HIV/Aids was only found in male homosexual relationships, this is not true. Anyone can contract an STI, regardless of race, age, or sexual orientation.

fact vs fiction4
Fact vs Fiction
  • Fact or fiction:

In order to get an STI, you must engage in sexual intercourse.

fact vs fiction5
Fact vs Fiction
  • Fact or fiction:

In order to get an STI, you must engage in sexual intercourse.

Fact:There are many ways to contract and transmit STIs. The most obvious is engaging in either vaginal or anal intercourse. However, both oral and digital sex can also result in infection. Any exchange of bodily fluids of any sort is an opportunity for infection.

so what exactly is out there
So… what exactly IS out there…

Common STIs include:

  • Hepatitis B and C
  • HIV/AIDS virus
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital Warts
  • Herpes
  • Pubic Lice
  • HPV (Human Paplova Virus)
hiv aids1
HIV/AIDS
  • While there are cures to some STIs, HIV/AIDS is one of the more serious ones and there is, as of yet, no known cure.
  • AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV). HIV destroys a type of defense cell in the body called a CD4 helper lymphocyte (pronounced: lim-fuh-site). These lymphocytes are part of the body's immune system, the defense system that fights infectious diseases.
  • But as HIV destroys these lymphocytes, people with the virus begin to get serious infections that they normally wouldn't — that is, they become immune deficient. The name for this condition is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS).
hiv aids2
HIV/AIDS
  • Hundreds of U.S. teens become infected with HIV each year. HIV can be transmitted from an infected person to another person through blood, semen (also known as "cum," the fluid released from the penis when a male ejaculates), vaginal fluids, and breast milk.
hiv aids3
HIV AIDS
  • The virus is spread through high-risk behaviors including:
    • unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sexual intercourse ("unprotected" means not using a condom)
    • sharing needles, such as needles used to inject drugs (including needles used for injecting steroids) and those used for tattooing
    • People who have another sexually transmitted disease, such as syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, or bacterial vaginosis are at greater risk for getting HIV during sex with infected partners.
  • If a woman with HIV is pregnant, her newborn baby can catch the virus from her before birth, during the birthing process, or from breastfeeding. If doctors know an expectant mother has HIV, they can usually prevent the spread of the virus from mother to baby. All pregnant teens and women should be tested for HIV so they can begin treatment if necessary.
hiv aids prevention
HIV AIDS prevention
  • Use a condom every time you have sex, including oral sex.
  • Do NOT have a lot of different partners.
  • Do NOT share injection needles, syringes, or other injection equipement.
  • Do NOT share razors or tooth brushes.

REMEMBER, there is NO CURE, only preventions.