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Birth of Unions and Unionism. What were working conditions like in the late 1800s? Good? Who was part of the working class ? Men? Women ? Children ? Where could we find poor working conditions? What examples of poor working conditions could we find ?.

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birth of unions and unionism
Birth of Unions and Unionism
  • Whatwereworking conditions like in the late 1800s? Good?
  • Whowas part of the working class? Men? Women? Children?
  • Wherecouldwefindpoorworking conditions?
  • Whatexamples of poorworking conditions couldwefind?
birth of unions and unionism1
Birth of Unions and Unionism
  • Do you think workers tried to get better working conditions for themselves?
  • YES!!! How? Unions Unionism
  • Union = workers stand together to gain properworking conditions
birth of unions and unionism2
Birth of Unions and Unionism
  • The first real unions for workersappeared in the 1820s (artisans): tailors et printers.
  • Agricultural unions in the mid 1800s
  • 1881 : Knightsof laborUnion
    • American Union that shows up in Quebec.
    • Popular for the workers but the churchwasagainstthis union.
birth of unions and unionism3
Birth of Unions and Unionism
  • 1886 : Workersform a proper union: C.M.T.C. (congres des métiers et du travail du Canada)
birth of unions and unionism4
Birth of Unions and Unionism

Demands of the union :

  • Job security
  • Salary
  • Shorten the number of hours in a work day
  • Recognize the union
  • Protection for workers if there is a workplace accident (paid if hurt)
birth of unions and unionism5
Birth of Unions and Unionism


  • Between 1850-1896 therewere more than 160 official strikes
  • A lot of strikeswererepressed by factoryowners, government like the Beauharnois strike(workersdigging a canal)
  • 20 dead workers and 40 wounded workers from the strike
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Birth of Unions and Unionism

New Legislations (laws):

  • In 1872, the government of MacDonalddeclaresthat unions ARE NOT ILLEGAL
  • In 1885, first law to benefit workers (in factories especially)
  • Work week hours dropped to 60 hours a week for women
  • Work week hours dropped to 72.5 hours a week for men
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Birth of Unions and Unionism
  • Minimal age for children to work:
  • Boys 12 yearsold and girls 14 yearsold
  • Permission from at least one parent in order for a child to work
  • 1886-1889 Macdonald starts a commission to investigate relationships between workers and companies