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Allergy Awareness. & EpiPen Use. Common allergies in children:. Tree Nuts Milk Egg Peanut Bananas Pollen. Soy Shellfish Latex Fish Wheat Animal Dander. Allergy Statistics. There are 75 million children in the United States. 6%-8% have food allergies 1.2% have peanut allergies

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common allergies in children
Common allergies in children:
  • Tree Nuts
  • Milk
  • Egg
  • Peanut
  • Bananas
  • Pollen
  • Soy
  • Shellfish
  • Latex
  • Fish
  • Wheat
  • Animal Dander
allergy statistics
Allergy Statistics

There are 75 million children in the United States.

  • 6%-8% have food allergies
  • 1.2% have peanut allergies
  • 1.3% have egg allergies
  • 2.5% children have milk allergies
  • Researchers believe that the prevalence of food allergies is increasing and the number of deaths from food allergy-induced anaphylaxis is growing. Children are the largest group of the population affected by food allergies.
  • Peanut allergy is most commonly associated with anaphylaxis.
  • Peanut anaphylaxis accounts for 30,000 Emergency Room visits per year.
  • 150 deaths per year from peanut and tree nut anaphylaxis.
what is an allergy
What is an allergy?
  • An allergy is an abnormal response to a normal substance. This is the body’s attempt to defend itself against substances that are perceived by the body to be harmful (an allergen).
  • There are various degrees of reaction. Symptoms can occur up to 72 hours or more after exposure to the allergen and can last for several days. Symptoms may or may not be life-threatening.
  • Allergic reactions can be caused by certain foods, medications, bee stings and products such as latex.
what is anaphylaxis
What is anaphylaxis?
  • Anaphylaxis is the life-threatening form of an allergic reaction.
  • Anaphylaxis is defined as a sudden, severe allergic response that usually produces breathing difficulties, collapse and possible death.
  • Anaphylaxis usually occurs 1-15 minutes after exposure, rarely after 2 hours.
  • Anaphylaxis requires immediate action-EpiPen administration.
allergic reactions vs anaphylactic reactions
Allergic Reactions VS Anaphylactic Reactions

Allergic Reactions

  • Runny nose
  • Itchy, red, watery eyes
  • Local reaction to sting, UNLESS known to be allergic to venom

Anaphylactic Reactions

  • Hives
  • Swelling (face, lips, tongue, throat, upper airway)
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Cramping, vomiting, diarrhea
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Weakness, paleness, sweating
  • Feeling of impending doom
epipen instructions
EpiPen Instructions
  • EpiPens are easy to use.
  • Remember, you must hold the EpiPen in place for 10 seconds.
  • The individual may feel a painful, burning sensation while the medication is being administered.
  • Training is available through the school nurse.
  • You are covered by the Good Samaritan Law.
emergency action plan
Emergency Action Plan
  • Be aware of the students that have life-threatening allergies in your classroom and what they are allergic to.
  • Administer EpiPen if you recognize a student’s reaction as anaphylactic, or call a trained staff member to immediately assist with the administration of EpiPen.
  • Call 911.
  • Monitor the student’s breathing and circulation, perform CPR when necessary.
  • Notify the parent/guardian.
  • The “Good Samaritan Law” protects all individuals who administer an EpiPen from liability issues.
teacher s checklist
Teacher’s Checklist
  • Be familiar with your school’s emergency procedures. Know how to recognize the symptoms of an allergic reaction and what to do if a reaction occurs.
  • Be sure to notify substitute teachers and aides about students’ food allergies.
  • Avoid using food in your lesson plans, such as math lessons and art projects.
  • Don’t use food as an incentive or reward.
  • Minimize the use of food in class parties or celebrations.
  • Develop a plan for communicating with parents about issues that might affect their child’s food allergies.
  • Consider food allergies when planning for field trips, and be sure to include the school nurse and parents early in the planning process.
  • Check the ingredient labels on pet food, if your classroom has a pet.
  • From Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis network
new law started 2012 2013
New Law Started 2012-2013
  • To implement policies for the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis in the school setting.
virginia school health guidelines responding to anaphylaxis
Virginia School Health Guidelines: Responding to Anaphylaxis
  • Based on symptoms, determine that an anaphylactic reaction appears to be occurring. Act quickly. It is safer to give epinephrine than to delay treatment.
  • Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction.
  • If you are alone and are able to provide epinephrine, call out or yell for help as you immediately go to get the epinephrine. Do not take extra time seeking others until you have provided the epinephrine.
  • If you are alone and do not know how to provide epinephrine, call out or yell for help. If someone is available to help you, have them get the personnel trained to provide epinephrine and the epinephrine while you dial 911and follow the dispatcher’s instructions. Advise 911 operator that anaphylaxis is suspected and epinephrine is available. Your goal is to get someone (EMS or trained personnel) to provide epinephrine and care as soon as possible.
virginia guidelines responding to anaphylaxis cont
Virginia Guidelines: Responding to anaphylaxis cont.
  • Select appropriate epinephrine auto-injector to administer, based on weight.
    • Dosage: 0.15 mg Epinephrine auto-injector IM, if less than 66 pounds
    • 0.30 mg Epinephrine auto-injector IM, if 66 pounds or greater
    • Frequency: If symptoms persist or return, a second dose should be administered 5 to 15 minutes after first dose
  • Inject epinephrine via auto-injector: Pull off safety release cap. Swing and jab firmly into upper, outer thigh, (through clothing if necessary). Hold in place for 10 seconds to deliver medication and then remove. Massagethe area for 10 more seconds. Note the time.
virginia guidelines responding to anaphylaxis cont1
Virginia Guidelines: Responding to anaphylaxis cont.
  • Call or have a bystander call 911 immediately or activate the Emergency Medical System (EMS). Advise 911 operator that anaphylaxis is suspected and epinephrine was given.
  • Keep the individual either lying down or seated. If they lose consciousness, check if they are breathing and have a pulse. If not, begin CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), call out for help and continue CPR until the individual regains a pulse and is breathing or until EMS arrives and takes over.
  • Call School Nurse/Front Office school personnel and advise of situation.
  • Repeat the dose after 5 to 15 minutes if symptoms persist.
  • Stay with the individual until EMS arrives, continuing to follow the directions in No. 5 above.
  • Provide EMS with Epinephrine auto injector labeled with name, date, and time administered to transport to the ER with the student.
follow up
  • 1. Assure parents/guardians have been notified and advised to promptly let the student’s primary care physician know about the episode of suspected anaphylaxis.
  • 2. Complete required documentation of incident.
Go to site below to take quiz and submit completionAfter completing quiz, See the school nurse to complete competency checklists

Allergy/Anaphylaxis/Epi Confirmation Survey

  • Epi-Pen, (2012). Available at
  • Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network. (2012). Available at
  • Virginia Department of Education, (2012). Guidelines for Recognition and Treatment of Anaphylaxis in the School Setting. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from