FAMILY PLANNING FOR EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. Mary Ann Bell Emergency Management Specialist Division of Emergency Preparedness and Coordination 301-496-1985. OVERVIEW. What is an Emergency Family Plan Planning and Training Family Disaster Supply Kit
Mary Ann Bell
Emergency Management Specialist
Division of Emergency Preparedness and Coordination
A plan to help you and your loved ones prepare before
a disaster strikes. This plan should be discussed and
practiced by everyone in the family. There are Six
Steps involved in planning:
your home, draw the escape routes
using a red marker, or you can draw
your home on graph paper as shown
by this NFPA planning guide.
Ensure that you show the outside
relocation area as well.
As a parent and family member one of the jobs you do best is provide a healthy,
safe and secure world for your family. But if you are like many other parents some
issues feel overwhelming and you would rather not worry about them. The
prospect of a disaster is one of those issues. All of us can prepare. A few simple
steps will help us to protect our families, assure that our children feel safe, and
make it easier to recover if and when we have to go through a disaster.
Pre-disaster planning and emergency readiness is a complex issue. Different types
of disasters may require different knowledge and skills as discussed previously.
Although each family needs to prepare in its own way, it is important that all
members, parents, and children, are provided with information that will help them
handle a disaster. It is also important to find out how your schools or daycare
providers handle these same emergencies.
Preparing for a disaster is something you can do, and everyone in the family has a role
in preparing – even the children.
Water – at least 1 gallon daily per person for 3-7 days
Food – at least enough for 3-7 days (ready-to-eat canned or packaged)
Manual can opener
Paper cups, plates and plastic utensils
Credit card and cash
Blankets, pillows, sleeping bags
Change of clothing, rain gear, and sturdy shoes for each family member
First Aid Kit/Medicines
Matches in a waterproof container
Special Items – for babies and the elderly
Flashlight with extra batteries
Radio – Battery operated and NOAA weather radio
Extra set of keys
Toys, Books and Games
Extra pair of glasses/contacts
Vehicle fuel tanks filled
Pet care items
Signal flare/glow sticks
Map of the area and important phone numbers
Important documents - Make two copies and keep the originals of the following in a safe
deposit box or waterproof container:
“Shelter-In-Place” (SIP) means to take immediate shelter where you are – at home, work,
school or in between. To provide safe locations inside buildings when conditions outside may pose a higher risk to the occupants than remaining inside in a sheltered environment. May be used in instances of violent weather, or when either accidental or intentional releases of hazardous materials may affect the outside environment. Sheltering-in-place is NOT an option when building evacuation is ordered.
The appropriate steps depend on the emergency situation. If you hear a warning signal,
listen to local radio or television stations for further information.
Work – although your workplace should have SIP plans, they should include the
School - If you have a child who attends school, it is important for you to contact your school
system administrators to understand what plans are in place to protect your child in the
event of an emergency. Be sure to keep the contact information for your child up to date.
Floodsare the most common and widespread natural disaster in the United States. Overflowing rivers from heavy rains, hurricanes pushing sea waters inland or heavy runoff from spring melts in the mountains all cause floods and threaten families and property.
Tornadoes - Advance planning and quick response are the keys to surviving a tornado.
A winter storm warning means a life-threatening severe winter storm has begun or will begin within 24 hours.
If you evacuate, avoid leaving family pet behind. Keep in mind that with the
exception of service animals, pets are generally not permitted in emergency
shelter for health reasons. For this reason, find out before a disaster occurs
what hotels allow pets. Determine where pet boarding facilities are located.
Create an emergency kit for your pet. This should include:
Remember, prepare before a disaster strikes. Your plan
should be discussed and practiced by everyone in the family.
The SixSteps are:
Division of Emergency Preparedness and Coordination (DEPC):
NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) – Public Education:
American Red Cross:http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/0,1082,0_503_,00.html
Montgomery County Public Schools – Emergency Planning: http://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/emergency/preparedness/
U.S. Department of Homeland Security: http://www.ready.gov/kids/index.html