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Energy Action 2013, Dublin Energy Poverty and Social Housing CECODHAS Housing Europe Unites Europe ’ s social housing providers.

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Energy action 2013 dublin energy poverty and social housing sorcha edwards housingeurope eu

Energy Action 2013, Dublin

Energy Poverty and Social Housing

Cecodhas housing europe unites europe s social housing providers
CECODHAS Housing Europe Unites Europe’s social housing providers

  • CECODHAS Housing Europe is the European Committee for social and cooperatives housing, a network of national and regional social housing federations gathering over 41 400 housing providers locally – cooperatives, associations, publicly owned housing companies and privately owned (not-for profit or limited-profit) housing companies.

  • Altogether our members manage over 27 million dwellings, about 11.7% of existing dwellings in the European Union.

Share of social housing in the eu revealing diversity of housing systems
Share of social housing in the EU – revealing diversity of housing systems

Fonte: Housing Europe 2011, progetto in corso CECODHAS Housing Europe

Thermal retrofit driven by eu the framework
Thermal retrofit driven by EU – The framework: housing systems

  • EU 20 20 Strategy: 20 EE 20 GHG 20 2050 Energy Strategy: 80% reduction

  • Energy Efficiency Directive: 3% refurbishment rate in existing public buildings, 1.5% primary energy reduction per year

  • EPBD: certification, nearly-Zero Energy Targets 2018 & 2020 and cost optimal methodology

  • ERDF: 20% for energy efficiency and renewables 2014 - 2020

Internal drivers
Internal Drivers housing systems

  • Focus is on decent and affordable housing for all in strong neighbourhoods

  • Driver: Future proofing - social inclusion, demographic change, fuel poverty in some MS (changing!) , new social trends, as well as climate change

  • Fair Energy Transition

  • Energy efficient refurbishment should not lead to increasing rents, forcing people to leave their homes

  • The supply of new homes should not be reduced,due to budgets being diverted to meet energy challenges

  • Policies and funding schemes should embrace those hardest to reach, most likely to be in fuel poverty

  • Diversification of renewable energy production, rather than control

The facts
The facts housing systems

  • Common challenge: Not sufficient finance to renovate existing stock

  • 200 million houses in the EU 27

  • Average renovation rate: 0.3%

  • Average demolision 0.15%

  • Change of Scale and Speed is needed

  • Situation very different across the EU – potential for exchange of knowledge is very large

  • Main Obstacles: financing, skills gap, awareness

  • In South and East Europe: Fragmentation of Housing Ownership

Cohesion policy 2014 2020 the potential
Cohesion Policy 2014 – 2020 – The Potential: housing systems

  • 60 billion public EU budget to EE – down to 50 billion after negotiations..

  • Generating 300 billion of investment

  • Creating 3.5 millions jobs or a minimum of 500.000 jobs each year

    (In France, 4% of ERDF from 2007-2013 represent a public investment of 320 €millions creating 25.000jobs (15.000 already, 10.000 for the two remaining years); impacting more than 100.000 households)

  • An impact in reducing energy consumption of 14 millions households

  • Can we afford not to do it ? Keeping in mind also:

  • 52.08 m people cannot keep their home adequately warm

  • 161.42 m are facing disproportionate housing expenditure

  • 87.46 m are living in poor quality dwellings

  • 41.74 m face arrears on their utility bills

Other funds
Other Funds housing systems

So many funds but are they any use?

European Investment Bank: ELENA technical assistance, JESSICA urban regeneration, EEEF fund

Energy Service Contracting/ ESCOs

Size, Interest Rates often not adapted, not adapted for those on fuel poverty

Contradictions housing systems

  • EU – message is clear: Energy efficiency is in housing is a no regrets option – Top priority – Up-front investment needed.

    BUT Investment blocks/disincentives at local level can include

  • EU Fiscal Consolidation;

  • EU State Aid laws;

  • Market regulation: Lack of correspondence; between reduced consumption and bills;

  • Undermining strategic sector

Home is not a fridge
Home is not a fridge!! housing systems

  • 15% of refurb cost is community outreach;

  • Pre & Re-bound effect;

  • Fuel poverty – underheating;

  • Energy Advice – A new Service of General Interest

New funding streams
New Funding Streams? housing systems

  • Housing organisations to berecognised as energyefficiency and energyproducers;

  • 1.5% EnergyEfficiency Supplier Obligation ( EED)

  • CarbonCredits (CZ);

  • Local production of renewable energy efficiency due to reduced transportation – also as a way to finance efficiency (Blocked in many MS due to restrictions on activities of housing organisations/Tax laws);

Examples of progress
Examples of Progress housing systems

  • Dutch social housing associations, in the past six months, have made more than 110,000 dwellings more energy efficient

  • Savings on gas are equivalent to the total consumption of city with 48.000 inhabitants. (Aedes Press Release - September 9, 2011)

  • The Basis? A consensual agreement between tenants union, social housing union and the housing ministry which ensures that tenants living costs (rent plus heating) will not rise after refurbishment.

  • Trust achieved through visits from tenants union

Example housing systems

  • The French social housing movement has renovated more than 100,000 social housing in 2 years, helping to maintain 33,000 jobs.

  • 50% per cent drop in energy consumption compared to average housing in France

  • Off-set the annual emissions of Greenhouse Gases in a town of 34,000 inhabitants. (USH press release – January 2012).

  • The Basis? The Grenelle de l’environnement:  A consensually agreed framework including financial incentives which combine EU and national funding streams such as eco loans (2% interest loans)  regional and national subsidies, white certificates and extensive use of European Regional Development Funding.

Fair energy transition bielefeld klima bonus
Fair Energy Transition – Bielefeld Klima Bonus housing systems

  • TheBielefeld Klima Bonus prevents gentrification resulting from higher rents to be charged for higher energy standards

  • Encourages landlords to renovate their properties: 16 per cent of dwelling stock improved to optimise energy consumption

  • Avoids gentrification and supports local climate protection efforts

Neue heimat tirol limited profit housing cooperative
Neue Heimat Tirol – Limited Profit Housing Cooperative housing systems

  • The Lodenareal Passivhaus in Austria was designed as a result of an architectural competition

  • Largest passive house project

  • 354 rental dwellings with energy consumption of <15 kWh/m²/year, use of pellets and thermal solar

  • NHT subsidised construction costs making rent affordable for tenants (€370/month for 50 m² apartment)

Market regulation 3rd package lobbying opportunities
Market Regulation – 3rd package – Lobbying Opportunities

  • ‘Making the Internal Market Work’??

  • Strengthening the Social Dimension with a focus on Fuel poverty

  • Switching is not the silver bullet

  • Smart Metering is not the silver bullet

  • Diversification of Ownership

  • Increase in community energy ownership to increase independence ( e.g. eco power)

  • Committee of the Regions/European Parliament opinions

Energy action 2013 dublin energy poverty and social housing sorcha edwards housingeurope eu

…. Thank you for your attention!

Energy action 2013 dublin energy poverty and social housing sorcha edwards housingeurope eu

Energy Action 2013, Dublin

Energy Poverty and Social Housing