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Energy Action 2013, Dublin Energy Poverty and Social Housing Sorcha.edwards@housingeurope.eu. CECODHAS Housing Europe Unites Europe ’ s social housing providers.

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Energy action 2013 dublin energy poverty and social housing sorcha edwards housingeurope eu

Energy Action 2013, Dublin

Energy Poverty and Social Housing

Sorcha.edwards@housingeurope.eu


Cecodhas housing europe unites europe s social housing providers
CECODHAS Housing Europe Unites Europe’s social housing providers

  • CECODHAS Housing Europe is the European Committee for social and cooperatives housing, a network of national and regional social housing federations gathering over 41 400 housing providers locally – cooperatives, associations, publicly owned housing companies and privately owned (not-for profit or limited-profit) housing companies.

  • Altogether our members manage over 27 million dwellings, about 11.7% of existing dwellings in the European Union.


Share of social housing in the eu revealing diversity of housing systems
Share of social housing in the EU – revealing diversity of housing systems

Fonte: Housing Europe 2011, progetto in corso CECODHAS Housing Europe


Thermal retrofit driven by eu the framework
Thermal retrofit driven by EU – The framework: housing systems

  • EU 20 20 Strategy: 20 EE 20 GHG 20 2050 Energy Strategy: 80% reduction

  • Energy Efficiency Directive: 3% refurbishment rate in existing public buildings, 1.5% primary energy reduction per year

  • EPBD: certification, nearly-Zero Energy Targets 2018 & 2020 and cost optimal methodology

  • ERDF: 20% for energy efficiency and renewables 2014 - 2020


Internal drivers
Internal Drivers housing systems

  • Focus is on decent and affordable housing for all in strong neighbourhoods

  • Driver: Future proofing - social inclusion, demographic change, fuel poverty in some MS (changing!) , new social trends, as well as climate change

  • Fair Energy Transition

  • Energy efficient refurbishment should not lead to increasing rents, forcing people to leave their homes

  • The supply of new homes should not be reduced,due to budgets being diverted to meet energy challenges

  • Policies and funding schemes should embrace those hardest to reach, most likely to be in fuel poverty

  • Diversification of renewable energy production, rather than control


The facts
The facts housing systems

  • Common challenge: Not sufficient finance to renovate existing stock

  • 200 million houses in the EU 27

  • Average renovation rate: 0.3%

  • Average demolision 0.15%

  • Change of Scale and Speed is needed

  • Situation very different across the EU – potential for exchange of knowledge is very large

  • Main Obstacles: financing, skills gap, awareness

  • In South and East Europe: Fragmentation of Housing Ownership


Cohesion policy 2014 2020 the potential
Cohesion Policy 2014 – 2020 – The Potential: housing systems

  • 60 billion public EU budget to EE – down to 50 billion after negotiations..

  • Generating 300 billion of investment

  • Creating 3.5 millions jobs or a minimum of 500.000 jobs each year

    (In France, 4% of ERDF from 2007-2013 represent a public investment of 320 €millions creating 25.000jobs (15.000 already, 10.000 for the two remaining years); impacting more than 100.000 households)

  • An impact in reducing energy consumption of 14 millions households

  • Can we afford not to do it ? Keeping in mind also:

  • 52.08 m people cannot keep their home adequately warm

  • 161.42 m are facing disproportionate housing expenditure

  • 87.46 m are living in poor quality dwellings

  • 41.74 m face arrears on their utility bills


Other funds
Other Funds housing systems

So many funds but are they any use?

European Investment Bank: ELENA technical assistance, JESSICA urban regeneration, EEEF fund

Energy Service Contracting/ ESCOs

Size, Interest Rates often not adapted, not adapted for those on fuel poverty


Contradictions
Contradictions housing systems

  • EU – message is clear: Energy efficiency is in housing is a no regrets option – Top priority – Up-front investment needed.

    BUT Investment blocks/disincentives at local level can include

  • EU Fiscal Consolidation;

  • EU State Aid laws;

  • Market regulation: Lack of correspondence; between reduced consumption and bills;

  • Undermining strategic sector


Home is not a fridge
Home is not a fridge!! housing systems

  • 15% of refurb cost is community outreach;

  • Pre & Re-bound effect;

  • Fuel poverty – underheating;

  • Energy Advice – A new Service of General Interest


New funding streams
New Funding Streams? housing systems

  • Housing organisations to berecognised as energyefficiency and energyproducers;

  • 1.5% EnergyEfficiency Supplier Obligation ( EED)

  • CarbonCredits (CZ);

  • Local production of renewable energy efficiency due to reduced transportation – also as a way to finance efficiency (Blocked in many MS due to restrictions on activities of housing organisations/Tax laws);


Examples of progress
Examples of Progress housing systems

  • Dutch social housing associations, in the past six months, have made more than 110,000 dwellings more energy efficient

  • Savings on gas are equivalent to the total consumption of city with 48.000 inhabitants. (Aedes Press Release - September 9, 2011)

  • The Basis? A consensual agreement between tenants union, social housing union and the housing ministry which ensures that tenants living costs (rent plus heating) will not rise after refurbishment.

  • Trust achieved through visits from tenants union


Example
Example housing systems

  • The French social housing movement has renovated more than 100,000 social housing in 2 years, helping to maintain 33,000 jobs.

  • 50% per cent drop in energy consumption compared to average housing in France

  • Off-set the annual emissions of Greenhouse Gases in a town of 34,000 inhabitants. (USH press release – January 2012).

  • The Basis? The Grenelle de l’environnement:  A consensually agreed framework including financial incentives which combine EU and national funding streams such as eco loans (2% interest loans)  regional and national subsidies, white certificates and extensive use of European Regional Development Funding.


Fair energy transition bielefeld klima bonus
Fair Energy Transition – Bielefeld Klima Bonus housing systems

  • TheBielefeld Klima Bonus prevents gentrification resulting from higher rents to be charged for higher energy standards

  • Encourages landlords to renovate their properties: 16 per cent of dwelling stock improved to optimise energy consumption

  • Avoids gentrification and supports local climate protection efforts


Neue heimat tirol limited profit housing cooperative
Neue Heimat Tirol – Limited Profit Housing Cooperative housing systems

  • The Lodenareal Passivhaus in Austria was designed as a result of an architectural competition

  • Largest passive house project

  • 354 rental dwellings with energy consumption of <15 kWh/m²/year, use of pellets and thermal solar

  • NHT subsidised construction costs making rent affordable for tenants (€370/month for 50 m² apartment)


Market regulation 3rd package lobbying opportunities
Market Regulation – 3rd package – Lobbying Opportunities

  • ‘Making the Internal Market Work’??

  • Strengthening the Social Dimension with a focus on Fuel poverty

  • Switching is not the silver bullet

  • Smart Metering is not the silver bullet

  • Diversification of Ownership

  • Increase in community energy ownership to increase independence ( e.g. eco power)

  • Committee of the Regions/European Parliament opinions


Energy action 2013 dublin energy poverty and social housing sorcha edwards housingeurope eu

…. Thank you for your attention!

Sorcha.edwards@housingeurope.eu


Energy action 2013 dublin energy poverty and social housing sorcha edwards housingeurope eu

Energy Action 2013, Dublin

Energy Poverty and Social Housing

Sorcha.edwards@housingeurope.eu