Achievement Goals as Predictors of Expectancy-Value Motivation, Effort, and Intention. Xiaoxia Su 1 , Ron E. McBride 1 , Ping Xiang 1 , Jaeyoung Yang 1 , Fatma Sacli 2 , Robert Speer 1 Glenn Schroeder 1. Texas A&M University Hacettepe University. Introduction.
Xiaoxia Su1, Ron E. McBride1, Ping Xiang1,
Jaeyoung Yang1, Fatma Sacli2, Robert Speer1
(Elliot & McGregor, 2001)
To examine how 2×2 achievement goals predict expectancy-value motivation, effort, and intention for future leisure-time physical activity.
Prior to the study, permission was obtained from the university institutional review board (IRB) and all participants.
2× 2 achievement goals: a 12-item scale adapted from the Achievement Goal Questionnaire–Physical Education (Guan, McBride, & Xiang, 2007)
Expectancy-value motivation: a 11-item scale adapted from Xiang, McBride, and Bruene (2006)
Effort – a 4-item scale adapted from Guan, Xiang, and McBride(2006)
Intention - a 3-item scale adapted from Shen, McCaughtry, and Martin (2007)
Participants completed questionnaires on the third day of camp.
Table 2.Inter-correlations among Study Variables
Expectancy beliefs, F (4,83) = 10.68, p < .001, R2 = .34
Interest, F (4,83) = 8.14, p < .001, R2 = .28
Importance, F (4,83) = 6.334, p < .001, R2 = .23
Effort, F (4,84) = 5.86, p < .001, R2 = .22
Intention, F (4,84) = 9.31, p < .001, R2 = .31
Jago, R., & Baranowski, T. (2004). Non‐curricular approaches for increasing physical activity in youth: A review. Preventive Medicine, 39(1), 157‐163.
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2012). Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and Adolescents, 1999-2010. Journal of American Medical Association, 307, 483-491.
Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J. S. (2000). Expectancy–value theory of achievement motivation. Contemporary educational psychology, 25(1), 68-81.
Xiang, P., McBride, R. E., & Bruene, A. (2006). Fourth-grade students’ motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77, 195-207.