traffic assignment convergence and its effects on selecting network improvements l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Traffic Assignment Convergence and its Effects on Selecting Network Improvements PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Traffic Assignment Convergence and its Effects on Selecting Network Improvements

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 30

Traffic Assignment Convergence and its Effects on Selecting Network Improvements - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 119 Views
  • Uploaded on

Traffic Assignment Convergence and its Effects on Selecting Network Improvements. By Chris Blaschuk, City of Calgary and JD Hunt, University of Calgary October 20, 2004. 18th Annual International EMME/2 User’s Conference Mexico City, Mexico. Outline.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Traffic Assignment Convergence and its Effects on Selecting Network Improvements


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
traffic assignment convergence and its effects on selecting network improvements

Traffic Assignment Convergence and its Effects on Selecting Network Improvements

By

Chris Blaschuk, City of Calgary

and

JD Hunt, University of Calgary

October 20, 2004

18th Annual International EMME/2 User’s Conference

Mexico City, Mexico

outline
Outline
  • About the Calgary Regional Transportation Model
  • Multiclass Assignment Process and Algorithms
  • Project Evaluation Process and Issues
  • Project Evaluation Measures
    • Mobility Benefits
    • Vehicle Hours Traveled (VHT)
  • Empirical Testing
    • Candidate Projects
    • Observations
  • Results of Testing
  • Conclusions
city of calgary
City of Calgary
  • Population just over 1 million people
calgary rtm
Calgary RTM
  • Both city and surrounding region modeled
  • Consists of 1447 zones and over 14000 links
  • 24-Hour model broken into five time periods
  • System of logit choice models
  • 25 trip purposes
  • 5 person types

75km

calgary rtm6
Calgary RTM
  • Steep VDF Curves used
    • Links not overloaded
    • Forces changes in generation, distribution and mode split
multiclass assignment in rtm
Multiclass Assignment in RTM
  • Generalized cost multiclass assignment is used in the Calgary RTM.
  • Five classes assigned simultaneously.
  • Truck penalty on non-truck routes for medium and heavy trucks.
  • Stored as extra attribute of fixed link costs for these classes.
  • Originally was 1000 min / 250 meters for skimming -- now is 5 min / 100 meters.
using rtm in project evaluation
Using RTM in Project Evaluation
  • 34 separate projects to be tested for network benefits
  • These included
    • Road Widenings
    • Interchanges
    • Lane Reversal Systems
    • New Roadways
    • Some Bundles of the above
  • Goal was to determine the benefit each improvement on the network in order to decide where money should be invested.
  • Wanted to use ‘Mobility Benefits’
mobility benefits

Generalized Cost of Travel

Demand Curve for Network Links

C1

Consumer Surplus

C2

0

V1

V2

LinkVolumes

Mobility Benefits
  • Change in daily composite utility by model segment
  • Equal to change in traveler consumer surplus
  • Indicates benefits of changes to person types and trip types
  • Useful for analyzing transit and other mode improvements as well as network changes.
problem with results
Problem with Results
  • Got confusing results
    • Lots of unexpected negative benefits
    • Results were not intuitive
    • Unacceptable - clearly something wrong
  • Needed to investigate
    • decided on assignment convergence
  • Approach: isolate problem
    • fixed trip table
    • considered just VHT
    • examine assignment process
    • experiment with convergence criteria
reasons for approach
Reasons for Approach
  • Simplify to auto network
  • Eliminated ‘induced demand’
  • Simple to understand
  • Results more certain, more predictable
  • Smaller, so quick to produce and process
  • Observe assignment convergence effects
empirical testing
Empirical Testing
  • Two projects were tested at various levels of convergence
  • Effects observed included
    • Fluctuation of volumes on links
    • Time taken to conduct assignment
    • VHT of network at said level of convergence
empirical testing13
Empirical Testing
  • Project 1: John Laurie Boulevard widening from Sarcee Trail to 53 ST NW (4 to 6 Lanes):
    • Simple widening, impact generally limited to peak periods only.
    • Network effects are more local than far-reaching.
empirical testing14
Empirical Testing
  • Project 2: Glenmore Trail widening from Crowchild Trail to 14 ST SW (7 to 10 Lanes):
    • Major East-West corridor, important link in network.
    • Network effects are far-reaching with no close alternative routes.
empirical testing observations
Empirical Testing Observations
  • Volume Fluctuation on Links would occur in areas where travel times were very close.
    • “Flip-Flopping” would occur -- case when two scenarios are compared, an amount of volume takes path A in one scenario and path B in another.
    • More of a concern in the offpeak period than peak periods.
empirical testing observations16
Empirical Testing Observations
  • Fixed Link Costs affect assignment convergence and time.
    • Used in Commercial Vehicle Model to represent non-truck routes (penalty applied to links)
    • Increased fixed link costs cause the multiclass assignment to think it has converged quickly when it has not.
results
Results

John Laurie Boulevard Widening Project

results18
Results

John Laurie Boulevard Widening Project

results19
Results

Glenmore Trail Widening Project

results20
Results

Glenmore Trail Widening Project

results21
Results
  • Computer time increases drastically as relative gap is decreased (more iterations required).
  • Link fluctuations decreased with increased convergence.
  • Large VHT differences from 0% RG value at 0.1% RG.
  • VHT stabilizes as relative gap is decreased.
results22
Results

Savings in VHT from Network Improvements

results23
Results
  • Effect of convergence on savings unclear in AM Crown scenario
  • Increased convergence lead to increased savings in AM Shoulder scenario
  • Important to obtain stable values, particularly in projects that may not have much benefit in some time periods.
  • Most stable VHT results again near 0% RG
results24
Results

Stability of Network

  • At 0.1 % RG, Volume differences from link instability begin to outshadow that of the improvement.
  • Volumes more refined with increased convergence.
results27
Results
  • Links approach 0% RG value with increased assignment.
  • Anderson Road link has most dramatic change - this is a link where flip-flopping occurs.
  • Remaining links are more or less stable around 0.05 % RG (differences are 10 or less)
  • With Anderson Road included, differences are about 30 or less vehicles at 0.05 % RG
results28
Results
  • Assignments below 0.01% RG may stop for a variety of reasons:
    • RG or Normalized Gap may go negative and stop assignment.
    • Unsure if assignments are then equally converged (same distance from the optimum objective function)
    • Differences in assignment should be small, but practitioners should be aware
    • EMME/2 will only allow assignment of up to two decimals for RG -- Must use iterations to get between 0.01 % or 0 % RG.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Small differences in large numbers
    • Tighter convergence needed to see benefits
  • Important tradeoffs to be made
    • More converged assignment vs. increased computing time
    • End criteria depends on use of data and needs
conclusions30
Conclusions
  • For comparing VHT values between scenarios, RG of 0.01 % recommended
  • RG of 0.01 % also recommended for link volumes
  • If volumes are to be rounded, and practitioners are aware of areas with link fluctuations, an RG of 0.05 % can be used to save time.
  • Knowledge of the importance of convergence will be used in refining mobility benefits process.