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「台灣南島語的奧秘」. 南島語 about 1000 台灣 about 20 但是 重要. 分佈 From: 「台灣原住民數位典藏計劃」簡介 , 潘英海. 台灣南島語為何重要?. 多樣性 ( 歧異 ) 存古多. 多樣(歧異)又怎樣?. 語言最 分歧之區 ( the great linguistic differentiation )為該語族的起源地( Edward Sapir 1916) 微洛夫 (Vavilov 1926) :用於推斷各種人工栽培植物的起源地. 以台灣南島語的數詞形成方式. 多樣性. 存古特質. 哪些語言正嚴重流失中?.

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slide2
南島語 about 1000
  • 台灣 about 20
  • 但是
  • 重要
slide3
分佈From: 「台灣原住民數位典藏計劃」簡介,潘英海
slide4
台灣南島語為何重要?
  • 多樣性(歧異)
  • 存古多
slide5
多樣(歧異)又怎樣?
  • 語言最分歧之區(the great linguistic differentiation)為該語族的起源地(Edward Sapir 1916)
  • 微洛夫(Vavilov 1926) :用於推斷各種人工栽培植物的起源地
endangered language
濱危語言(endangered language)
  • 何謂濱危語言?
    • 一般而言, 當父母親不再教小孩或者不在日常生活中使用,這個語言就面臨危險了(In most general terms, it means that parents are no longer teaching the language to their children and are not using it actively in everyday matters.)
  • 有許多定義方式:
    • 最簡單,人數到達某一關鍵數字之下
    • 不過,社會、經濟、政治或宗教因素都會影響語言從雙親到小孩的傳遞(the complex social, economic, political, or religious factors are decisive for the transmission of an original language from parents to children)
from sil http www sil org sociolx ndg lg faq html
From: SIL (http://www.sil.org/sociolx/ndg-lg-faq.html)
  • 語言死亡(language death)的徵狀(Dorian 1980) :
    • 使用人口變少(fewer speakers)
    • 使用範圍變少(fewer domains of use)
    • 結構簡化(structural simplification)
  • Krauss (1992)比較語言與濱危生物三類型語言
    • Moribund (垂死 ): 'languages no longer being learned as mother-tongue by children';
    • Endangered (濱危):'languages which, though now still being learned by children, will--if the present conditions continue--cease to be learned by children during the coming century'
    • Safe (安全): languages with 'official state support and very large numbers of speakers'
slide12
南島語與漢語的最大區別?
  • 詞序
    • 漢語: Palang獵山豬
    • 排灣: 獵山豬 Palang