OUTLINE • Definition • Purpose • Types • Characteristics • Effects • Case study • Protection laws • Conditions for protection • Learnings • Implementation of policy • Takeaway for self
Introduction • Whistle blowing means calling attention to wrongdoing that is occurring within an organization to the public or to those in positions of authority. • One who discloses information about misconduct in their workplace that they feel violates the law or endangers the welfare of others. • One who speaks out, typically to expose corruption or dangers to the public or environment. • Whistleblowers can be employees, suppliers, contractors, clients or any individual
Objective of Whistle Blowing • To eradicate unethical behaviour. • To create a whistle-blowing culture.
Types of Whistle-Blowing Internal Whistle-Blowing • When an individual advocates beliefs or revelations within the organization. External Whistle-Blowing • When and individual advocates beliefs or revelations outside the organization.
Characteristics of a Whistleblower • Altruistically Motivated • Utilitarian • Uninterested in Altering Their Behavior • Allows Own Attitudes and Beliefs to Guide Them • Often are Well Educated and Holds Professional Positions
Effects of Whistle-Blowing • Forced to leave organization/demotion • Credibility ruined • Family, health, and/or life in jeopardy • Physical or psychological isolation • Organization experiences loss of money, restitution, productivity, and positive reputations. • Incarceration
Case Study – Satyendra Dubey • 31 year old IIT Kanpur – civil engineer • He was Deputed as the director of the project undertaken by National Highway Authorities of India. • Assigned Prime Ministers “Golden Quadrilateral Project” – to connect the four corners of India.
Findings in Golden Quadrilateral • Sloppy project reports • Huge advances were given to contractors. • Contracts awarded on the basis of forged documents. • Loot of public money.
What Did Dubey Do? • Wrote a letter to his superior. • Wrote a letter to prime Minister. • Wrote the same letter to the chairman of the NHAI. • Wrote a second letter requesting Anonymity.
The Blind\Deaf Effect • The PMO didn’t bother to investigate. • For in an act of murderous negligence , he handed over the letter with Satyendra's particulars to Ministry of Road Transport and Highways • At least 8 officials scanned the letter before passing it to NHAI.
whistleblowing murder • In 2003 , SatyendraDubey was found dead in Gaya .
Protection Laws • The Whistleblower Protection Law ~ 1989 • The Whistleblower Act ~ 1994
Conditions For Protection • 1. Disclosure is in the interest of justice, the company and its stakeholder. • 2. The whistleblower must believe the misconduct to be substantially true. • 3. The whistleblower must not act maliciously or make false allegations. • 4. The whistleblower must not seek any personal gain.
Implementation of Policy • This policy applies in areas of: • 1. Breach of law or any policy of the Company. • 2. Failure to comply with a legal obligation. • 3. Miscarriage of justice. • 4. Health and safety risks, including risks to the public as well as other employees. • 5. Damage to the environment. • 6. Sexual,physical or other abuses. • 7. Actions which are unprofessional, inappropriate or in conflict with a general understanding of what is right and wrong.
Learning for Employees DO’s • 1.keep calm • 2.Think about the risk and outcome before you act. • 3.Remember you are a witness, not a complainant. Don’t 1.Forget there may be an innocent or good explanation. 2.Became a private detective. 3.Expect thanks.
Learning for Employers • Encourage staff to report concerns and ensure they understand they will be offered protections if they make a disclosure in good faith. • Implement a whistle blowing policy. • Give special consideration to staff who are in their probationary period. • Include whistle blowing awareness in induction.
Takeaway for self • Stand up for dignity – whistleblowing • It takes courage for an individual to raise concerns about poor practice or abuse within an organization. “Society desperately needs principled and courageous people, and it needs them to be successful in exposing problems and exploring solutions”