KARL MARX. By: Jennifer Jhung. BACKGROUND. Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5 th , 1818 – March 14 th , 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist.
KARL MARX By: Jennifer Jhung
BACKGROUND • Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5th, 1818 – March 14th, 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. • Ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement • Studied at the University of Bonn and the University of Berlin
BACKGROUND CON’T • Marx progressed to journalism in October 1842 and became editor in Cologne • Marx met his wife, Jenny Von Westphalen, at the University of Bonn • After his studies he moved to Paris with his wife • Worked with fellow German revolutionary socialist, Friedrich Engels, whom he met in Paris
THEORIES • CONFLICT THEORY • an interdisciplinary sociological and political theory that looks at how societies are held together by power, not by individuals and groups needing and depending on each other • THEORY OF ALIENATION • Separation from which is desired or desirable • Separation of things that naturally belong together,
THEORIES CON’T • MARXISM • Economic and sociopolitical worldview and method of socioeconomic inquiry that centers upon a materialist interpretation of history, a dialectical view of social change, and an analysis and critique of the development of capitalism
CONFLICT THEORY • Two basic groups of people within society – the wealthy and the poor • Looks at what happens when groups attempt to rebel • Roles a group or people or an individual has over others • Way to study social control that the rich have over the masses • An organization or society only functions when trying to better their social situation
THEORY OF ALIENATION • Alienation is a systemic result of capitalism • Workers lose determination of their lives and destinies by being deprived of the right to think of themselves as the director of their actions • Workers become self-realized human beings, but are encouraged into goals and activities dictated by the bourgeoisie
MARXISM • Founded in the early to mid 19th century by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels • Encompasses Marxian economic Theory • A sociological theory and a revolutionary view of social change that influenced worldwide political movements
IMPORTANCE OF MARX • Recognized that classes existed because of bound up modes of production or economic structure • The proletariat has a potential leading to the abolition of all classes • “the history of all existing society is a history of class struggle”
BIBLIOGRAPHY • Kreis, Steven. "Karl Marx, 1818-1883." The History Guide. Web. 05 Mar. 2012. <http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/marx.html>. • "Karl Marx and His Theory of Alienation." HubPages. Web. 05 Mar. 2012. <http://syzygyastro.hubpages.com/hub/Karl-Marx-and-his-Theory-of-Alienation>. • "Marxism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 May 2012. Web. 05 Mar. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marxism>. • "Marx's Theory of Alienation." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 May 2012. Web. 05 Mar. 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marx's_theory_of_alienation • "Marx Conflict Theory." Exploring the Karl. Web. 05 Mar. 2012. <http://conflicttheory.com/marx/>.