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Warm-UP: Monday, November 1 st. What were the MAIN causes of World War I? Why did the United States enter World War I? What was it like on the home front in the Untied States? What event really pushed Austria over the edge and began the war? List one outcome of World War I.

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warm up monday november 1 st
Warm-UP: Monday, November 1st
  • What were the MAIN causes of World War I?
  • Why did the United States enter World War I?
  • What was it like on the home front in the Untied States?
  • What event really pushed Austria over the edge and began the war?
  • List one outcome of World War I.
warm up wednesday march 30 th
Warm-UP: Wednesday, March 30th
  • What were the MAIN causes of World War I?
  • Why did the United States enter World War I?
  • What was it like on the home front in the Untied States?
  • What event really pushed Austria over the edge and began the war?
  • List one outcome of World War I.
czarist russia
Czarist Russia
  • Entered WWI as an absolute monarchy with sharp class divisions between the nobility and peasants.
  • The Czar did not resolve the grievances of workers and an unsuccessful provisional government.
  • A second revolution by Bolsheviks created the communist state which ultimately became the USSR
slide5

Russia Leaves the Great War

Russia’s defeat in war with Japan in 1905

JAPAN

RUSSIA

russia leaves the great war
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions

  • Defeat in war with Japan in 1905
    • Russia was weakened by this defeat
    • In a way the country never recovered
slide7

Russia Leaves the Great War

Landless Peasantry

russia leaves the great war1
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions

  • Landless peasantry
    • People of Russia did not own land!
    • They were MAD!!
    • A feudal society existed in Russia
      • What is this?
slide9

Russia Leaves the Great War

W

E

A

K

Incompetence

of

Tsar Nicholas II

Wife, Alexandra

Tsar Nicholas II

russia leaves the great war2
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions

  • Incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II
    • Romanovs were the ruling family in Russia for over 300 years
    • Nicholas II—Tsar of Russia—weak ruler
    • WWI had drained Russia’s resources (no medicine or weapons)
      • Nicholas II went to the front lines to lead military (inept leader)
    • Wife Alexandra (granddaughter of Queen Victoria of England) left in charge—was never well liked by the Russian people
    • Wife Alexandra depended on a Russian holy man named Rasputin (the mad monk)
      • He eased the suffering of Alexis (her son) who had hemophilia
      • Rasputin led her to make bad decisions
slide11

Russia Leaves the Great War

Military defeats and

high casualties in

World War I

russia leaves the great war3
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions

  • Military defeats and high casualties in World War I
    • March 1917
    • Russians were discontent with the lack of progress on the battlefront, the shortage of food, and lack of fuel and needed supplies.
    • Russians were striking and the military refused to impose order.
    • Tsar Nicholas II abdicated (resigned from power)
slide13

Russia Leaves the Great War

March Revolution

The Provisional Government = WEAK

The New Russian Constitution

This FAILED!!!

OR

The DUMA

Russia Legislature

russia leaves the great war4
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions

  • The March Revolution
    • The Duma (Russian Legislature) set up a provisional government and began drafting a constitution while continuing to fight against Germany
    • Troops were deserting, peasants wanted land, city workers wanted food which was scarce.
slide15

Russia Leaves the Great War

This book is my bible and will help me gain control of Russia….Hahahaha!!!

The Communist Manifesto

By: Karl Marx

Hello my Name is…

Vladimir Lenin

Hello my Name is…

Vladimir Lenin

slide16

Russia Leaves the Great War

Hello my Name is…

Vladimir Lenin

Lenin and the Bolsheviks

russia leaves the great war5
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions:

Lenin and the Bolsheviks

  • VladamirIlyichUlyanov (V. I. Lenin) had been exiled from Russia
    • What is exiled?
  • Studied and followed works of Karl Marx (Communist Manifesto)
  • Wanted an elite group to control the government (proletariat)
  • He named them the Bolsheviks and led them in a revolution when he returned from exile (aided by the Germans)
slide18

Lenin and the Bolsheviks

Promised....

BREAD

PEACE

Hello my Name is…

Vladimir Lenin

LAND

slide19

Lenin and the Bolsheviks

IN

New Government

COMMUNISM

Moscow

slide20

Lenin and the Bolsheviks

The Provisional Government = WEAK

The New Russian Constitution

This FAILED!!!

The DUMA

Russian Legislature

The Bolsheviks overthrow the provisional government !!

slide21

Lenin and the Bolsheviks

Tsar Nicholas II and the Romanov Family

The Bolsheviks

russia leaves the great war6
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions

  • The November Revolution
    • Lenin and the Bolsheviks promised the people “Peace, Land, and Bread”
    • They attacked the provisional government and overthrew it.
    • The Bolsheviks set up a new government in Moscow and took the name “Communists” led by Lenin
    • They imprisoned and then executed the majority of the Romanov family including the czar and his wife and children.
slide23

Russia Leaves the Great War

Treaty of

Brest-Litovsk

1918

Germany and Russia are Friends!!!

(Watch out for those dictators)

No More War!!!!

WWI

slide24

Russia Leaves the Great War

1921:

War Ended and the White Army was DEFEATED…..The Communists won.

VS.

WHITE ARMY

(ANTI-COMMUNIST)

COMMUNIST (RED) ARMY

russia leaves the great war7
Russia Leaves the Great War

Causes of 1917 Revolutions

  • The November Revolution
    • Lenin withdrew Russia from WWI and signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in1918.
    • For 3 years, civil war continued (the anti-communist white army had help from the Allies) and in 1921 the communists defeated the white army
    • Russia became the Soviet Union
russia leaves the great war8
Russia Leaves the Great War

Rise of Communism

  • Bolshevik Revolution and Civil War
  • Vladamir Lenin’s New Economic Policy
    • Lenin instated Communism for the Russian government and society
    • According to him this would give all PEACE, LAND, and BREAD
  • Joseph Stalin
    • Lenin’s successor
    • Stalin came to be known in the Soviet Union during Lenin’s reign (the more that was known the more he was liked due to all of his wonderful promises)
    • Stalin became the premier of the Soviet Union when Lenin died