psychology 305
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Psychology 305

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Psychology 305 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 205 Views
  • Uploaded on

Psychology 305. Atypical Development Chapter 15. Atypical Development. Frequency Psychopathologies of Childhood Intellectual Atypical Development Schooling Concerns. Atypical Development. Frequency

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Psychology 305' - long


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
psychology 305

Psychology 305

Atypical Development

Chapter 15

atypical development
Atypical Development
  • Frequency
  • Psychopathologies of Childhood
  • Intellectual Atypical Development
  • Schooling Concerns
atypical development1
Atypical Development
  • Frequency
    • Majority of children at some point have some “non-normal” or lagging portion of development
    • Usually labeled if persists longer than 6 months
    • Table 15.1
    • 14-20% of all children show some form of pathology
atypical development2
Atypical Development
  • How do we understand it?
    • Developmental Psychopathology
    • Key points
      • All abnormal and normal behavior stems from the same basic processes
      • Approach is developmental or “pathways” that lead to deviant and non-deviant behavior
        • Sequences of experiences
atypical development psychopathologies
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • 3 categories of disorders
    • Externalizing Problems
      • Disturbances of conduct
    • Internalizing Problems
      • Emotional disturbances
    • Attention Problems
      • adhd
atypical development psychopathologies1
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • Externalizing Problems
    • Conduct disorders
      • Antisocial characteristics of behavior
      • High levels of aggression, argumentativeness, bullying, disobedience, threatening and loud behavior
      • Childhood Onset
        • Aggression and behavior begins in early childhood and persists through adolescence
        • Life course persistent
atypical development psychopathologies childhood onset
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies- childhood onset
  • Pathway
    • Many risk factors
      • Harder temperament, lower intelligence, lower SES
      • Insecure/Disorganized or Insecure/Avoidant attachments
      • Throw many tantrums and defy parents regularly
      • Drug and alcohol abuse, school drop out or expulsion
      • 70% relation to adult aggression
atypical development psychopathologies2
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • Conduct Disorders cont.
    • Adolescent Onset Conduct Disorders
      • Adolescence limited delinquents
      • Behavior begins only in adolescents
      • Deviance typically milder “wrong crowd”
atypical development psychopathologies3
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • Delinquency
    • Intentional lawbreaking
    • Not always consistent with conduct disorder
    • 10% arrest rate for all children between 15-17 yrs
    • Most minor misdemeanors, but some felonies
    • When self reported rates are even higher
    • Majority of teens do not persist into adult delinquency
atypical development psychopathologies4
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • Internalized Problems
    • Depression
      • 30-40% of adolescents experience a depression episode
      • Clinical depression more rare—up to 8 %
      • Number one risk factor after puberty is being female
      • Function of number of stressors
        • Family life, illnesses, work stress, loss of income, marital separation
atypical development psychopathologies5
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • Adolescent Suicide
    • Successful suicides more common in males then females
    • Attempts more common in females
    • Risk factors
      • Emotional disturbance
      • History of physical or sexual abuse
      • Aggressive history
      • Family history of psychiatric disorders
atypical development psychopathologies6
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • Suicide Cont.
    • Other important risk factors
      • Significant stressful event—catalyst
        • Failure in valued activity or significant other
      • Altered mental state
        • Hopelessness, reduced inhibitions
        • Severe mood swings—rage
      • Opportunities present
        • Guns, pills, alcohol etc…
      • Absence of emotional connection with parents
atypical development psychopathologies7
Atypical Development-Psychopathologies
  • Attention Problems
    • ADHD
      • Physical restlessness and inability to concentrate
      • Diagnostic criteria, table 15.2
slide14
ADHD
  • Symptom logy
    • Cannot stay focused on a task that requires mental effort
    • Often act impulsively ignoring social rules
    • Lashing out with hostility when frustrated
occurrence
Occurrence
  • 3-5% of school aged children
  • Boys at least 3X more likely to be diagnosed
slide16
ADHD
  • Causes
    • Heredity must play role
      • Runs in families and occurs more often in identical than fraternal twins
      • Reduced electrical and blood flow activity inf rontal lobes
    • Environment plays a role
      • Unhappy marriages and family stress high
      • Exacerbating influences
      • Prenatal teratogens
        • Alcohol, illegal drugs, and cigarettes.
      • Parental coercive power struggles
intellectual atypical developments
Intellectual Atypical Developments
  • Mental Retardation
    • Consistently subaverage intellectual performance—IQ lower than 75
    • Also must occur with maladaptive behavior
    • Only 2% of low IQ young children are extremely retarded
intellectual
Intellectual
  • Physical anomaly
    • Down’s Syndrome
    • Fragile X
    • Car accident, teratogen, anoxia
  • Environment and Biology
    • Majority of mentally retarded children
    • Low IQ parents, disorganized/disrupted homes
ad