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Welcome to the… Career Path Program For College Students
Introduction Begin Your Career Path Establishment Exploration
4 Goals of the on-going Workshop • Increase student awareness of career counseling services available to them. • Educate students on the various aspects of career self-concept and exploration. • Educate students about employment trends to help them develop career decision-making skills • Prepare students to enter the workforce by helping them to develop effective job seeking strategies.
Workshop Structure Students are made aware of the Career Path program through: • The use of colorful fliers posted on various notice boards on campus • Announcement by Professors who make attendance of the workshop an opportunity for extra credit • Social- networking [i.e. attendees are encouraged to invite their friends to join our online discussion and subsequently attend our monthly workshops]
Workshop Structure 4. Students are enticed to attend by being offered individual attention and FREE FOOD. 5 Counselors reach out to individuals and schedule 1:1 sessions for more in-depth and personal career exploration. 6. Counselors conduct a mixed-method study to evaluate and fine-tune the workshop and to gain student, parent, and administrator support.
Workshop Time Line: Every 3rd Friday 11:00- 1:00* Room 201 • *at conclusion of workshop counselors are available for 1:1 scheduling
IMAGINE you are now traveling back in time when you may have been a college student with a case of CAREER INDESCION
Lastly you will participate in an interview skill – building exercise with partners, led by Brittany Next, Kofi will help you provide you with tips on effective job -search strategies as well as what you can do to make your college-to-work transition a stress-free experience Order of presentation Next, Stesha will lead you in a discussion about how to gather information about various career options First, you will work with Angela and the group to explore your personality and self-concept Step 4 Step 3 Step 2 Step 1
Personality and Self Concept Objective: Students will be able to answer these questions: “Why am I interested in certain jobs”? “What can my personality tell me about possible career options?
Intervention Objectives At the end of this activity students will be able to: • Record their MTBI type • Explore their personality profile • Discuss insights into their self-concept and job preferences
Literature Review • The MBTI is based on Jungian-type theory (Jung, 1990/1971) and originally was developed as a career counseling tool (McCaulley, 1990). • Approximately 2 million copies of the MBTI are sold each year (Healy, 2001), making it the most widely used personality instrument in the world (Jackson, Parker, & Dipboye, 1996; Quenk, 2000). • The MBTI yields four bipolar preference scores: extraversion-introversion, sensing-intuition, thinking-feeling, and judging-perceiving (Myers et al., 1998). (Pulver & Kelly, 2008)
Literature Review • MBTI is explicitly marketed as a tool to aid in selecting majors and careers. • MBTI promotes understanding of why those careers are of interest. • The MBTI also has been described as effective in increasing self- awareness, enhancing understanding of decision-making processes and preferences, and improving interpersonal communication (McCaulley, 1990). • Apostal(1988) found that the MBTI stimulates self-concept exploration. • Katz, Joyner, and Seaman (1999) found that the MBTI was as effective as the Strong Interest Inventory (Pulver & Kelly, 2008)
Activity Directions • Go to: http://www.humanmetrics.com/ • Under Jung Typology section Click “Take Test” • answer quickly and honestly, don’t over-think it, • Click “Score It” • Then Click exampleENFP type description by D.Keirsey • Click on exampleMore About Your Idealist Champion Personality:Best Job Fit for Idealists (your may say guardian, rational, artisan, or idealist)
Activity Discussion Dichotomies Extraversion (E) - (I) Introversion Sensing (S) -(N) Intuition Thinking (T) - (F) Feeling Judgment (J) - (P) Perception
Activity Discussion • What did you discover about your personality preference? • According to your type what types of career fields and occupations are you attracted to? • Are there any discrepancies between your predicted Jungian type and your real life? • What have you learned about yourself and your major of choice upon reading your profile?
Job Trends & Future Predictions Objective: Students will be able to answer this question: “Will there be jobs in my field?”
Intervention Objectives Students will understand: • The importance of being knowledgeable about job market trends • What careers are likely to grow over the next few years • The process of navigating online career databases
Why is it important to be informed about future job market trends? • The job market is always changing • Technology, globalization, state of the economy, etc. • To ensure that the career you want is still out there with available openings • To remain competitive • To stay abreast of the changes that • will occur in your chosen field
Career InformationOnline Resources • Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics – provides information about careers including: • Training and education needed • Income • Expected job prospects • What workers do on the job • Working conditions • Projects job market outlook through the year 2018 • and more • FREE • http://www.bls.gov/oco/
Career InformationOnline Resources • Occupational Information Network (O*NET) - a database of occupations • Students can explore and learn about the various careers that are out there • Information about hundreds of jobs • Future outlook of jobs • Green jobs • Provides information about what each occupation entails, the entry requirements, and salary • FREE • http://www.onetonline.org/
Career InformationOnline Resources My Next Move (http://www.mynextmove.org/) • Interactive web-based tool on O*Net website • Helps new job seekers, students, and other career explorers investigate over 900 jobs. • Keyword Search • Browse Careers • O*Net Interest profiler • computerized Likert-type questionnaire to determine interests
Career InformationOnline Resources Career Exploration Tools • Self-directed career exploration/assessment tools • Helps workers consider and plan career options, preparation, and transition. • Also are designed for students who are exploring the school-to-work transition. • Based on a "whole-person" concept, includes: • Abilities • Interests • Work values (Achievement, Independence Recognition, Relationships, Support, Working Conditions)
Career InformationFuture Trends • According to the OOH the career categories in the service center that will experience the most growth are: • Healthcare • Physicians • Home healthcare • Nursing • Social Assistance • Professional • Management, scientific, and technical consulting • Computer systems design and related services
Career InformationFuture Trends • Employment services • Educational services • Accounting • Accommodation and food services • Government • Local government • According to Bezdek (2010): • Renewable and energy-efficiency contain some of the most rapidly growing industries in the world such as • wind, photovoltaics, fuel cells, recycling and re-manufacturing, and biofuels
Future TrendsGreen Jobs • What are Green Jobs? • There is no official definition • Generally defined as jobs that assist in improving the environment (Green Jobs, 2011) • 2007 - Revenues from the renewable energy and energy efficiency industries were significantly more than that of Walmart, ExxonMobile, and GM • Presently, there are approximately 13 million green jobs in the U.S. • Renewable and energy-efficiency jobs are growing faster than average (Bezdek, 2010)
Future TrendsGreen Jobs • Projecting the growth of green jobs greatly depends on implementation of changes proposed by the government • Depending on the government’s revision of certain policies, it is possible that the energy efficiency and renewable energy industries could create over 37 million jobs a year by 2030 (Bezdek, 2010).
Future TrendsGreen Jobs • Green Economy- an economic activity related to reducing the use of fossil fuels, decreasing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, increasing the efficiency of energy usage, recycling materials, and developing and adopting renewable sources of energy (O*Net). • Green Increased Demand Occupations • Green Enhanced Skills Occupations • Green New and Emerging Occupations
Future TrendsGreen Jobs • Green Increased Demand Occupations- The impact of green economies increase employment demand but the tasks of the job have remained the same • Zoologists • Chemical Engineers and Technicians • Chemists • Environmental Scientists • Occupational Health & Safety Specialists
Future TrendsGreen Jobs • Green Enhanced Skills Occupations- The impact of green economic activities caused the work requirements to change but it may not increase employment demand • Nuclear and Mechanical Engineers • Industrial Engineering Technicians • Public Relations Specialists • Urban/Regional Planners
Future TrendsGreen Jobs • Green New and Emerging Occupations- The impact of green economy activities/technologies create the need for unique worker requirements and generates new jobs • Climate Change Analysts • Wind Energy Engineers, Project Managers, and Operation Managers • Robotics Engineers and Technicians • Logistics Analysts and Engineers • Water Resource Specialists
Objectives Students will be able to • Identify at least 2 ways to enhance their chances of getting employment after school • Describe 2 job search strategies
Majority of college graduates find it difficult to obtain employment and hence develop meaningful careers not only because the economy is bad but also because most recent graduates are seriously under-prepared for the world of work. Most of them left college with but little knowledge of the job market and worst of all no knowledge about the job-seeking process itself. Wood, L. & Kaczynski, D. (2007). University students in USA and Australia: Anticipation and reflection on the transition to work. International Journal of Employment Studies, 15, (2), 91-101
Enhancing Your Employability “To be employed is to be at risk, to be employable is to be secured” Peter Hawkins • Have a focus • Get the required work experience while still in school • Keep a portfolio or record of activities depicting your employability skills
Ways To Get The Required Experience Through: • Part-time work in your chosen field • Seasonal employment • Internship and job shadowing • Volunteering your time and skills
Internship /Job Search Strategies Forget not the hidden jobs Use your career services
Resume Building & Interview Skills Objective: Students will be able to answer this question: “How do I get my dream job?”
Intervention Objectives After this session, students will: • Be knowledgeable about creating resumes and choosing appropriate references • Feel more comfortable answering common interview questions • Feel more confident in their ability to obtain a job
Literature Review The majority of employers still prefer the standard resume: chronological order, delivered electronically, and including cover letters (Schullery, 2009)Thoms et al (1999) found that resumes with clear, precise objective statements were more likely to be chosen than those without. Resumes that listed a GPA of 3.0 or higher were more likely to be chosen than those with no GPA listed. According to Muir (2009), students should have a variety of references, including ones from social, academic, and supervisory areas. Those who received interview coaching used more strategies than those who did not, such as role-playing, observing, and organizing their thoughts. These strategies resulted in better interview performance (Maurer, 2001).Trossand Maurer (2008) found that the more coaching an interviewee received, the higher the rating their interview received.
Activity Directions • Get together with a partner. • Answer the interview questions provided. • Each question will take 5 minutes.
Conclusion Thank you! Students you are encouraged to sign up for a session with your counselor to continue the career counseling process. Please complete the survey in person or on our Facebook page.
Workshop-Review Discussion with Baker’s Class According to Brown career development workshops should include some or all of the following: • Career and self-awareness • Exploration of interests, values, goals, and decisions • Realities of the job market and future trends • Practical, accurate information about careers • Special needs such as risk-taking, resume building, and interviewing. • An academic advisement system that makes it possible for students to get the assistance they need in academic planning (Brown, 2012)
References Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55, 469–480.Bezdek, R. H. (2010). Green jobs currently employ substantial numbers; Source of new jobs.Natural Gas & ElectricityBrown, D. (2012). Career Information, Career Counseling, and Career Development. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.Culkin, N. & Mallick, S. (2010). Producing work-ready graduates: The role of the entrepreneurial university. InternationalJournal of Market Research, 53,347 – 368.Dietz, J. The myth that college and major choice decides Johnny’s future.Gilbert, H. G. (1997). Career thoughts inventory: A review and critique. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Education Research Association.Evuleocha, S., Ugbah, S., & Law, S. (2009). Recruiter perceptions of information that employment references should provide to assist in making selection decisions. Journal of Employment Counseling, 46, 98-106.Hipple, S. F. (2010). Self-employment in the United States. Monthly Labor Review, 17 – 32.Hobojn, B., Gardiner, C. & Wile, T. (2011). Recent college graduates and the job market. FRBSF Economic Letter, 2011-09. Retrieved from http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2011/el2011-09.pdfHolton, E. (1999). Managing the transition to work: Twelve essential steps to a fast start to your career. Journal of Career Planning & Employment, 59(3), 28-31Huffcutt, A., Conway, J., Roth, P., & Stone, N. (2001). Identification and meta-analytic assessment of psychological constructs measured in employment interviews. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(5), 897-913.
References Cont’d Maurer, T., Solamon, J., Andrews, K., & Troxtel, D. (2001). Interviewee coaching, preparation strategies, and response strategies in relation to performance in situational employment interviews: an extension of Maurer, Solamon, and Troxtel (1998). Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(4), 709-717.Muir, C. (2009). Rethinking job references: a networking challenge. Business Communication Quarterly, 72(3), 304-317.Nemanick, R., & Clark, E. (2002). The differential effects of extracurricular activities on attributions in resume evaluation. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 10(3), 206-217.Sampson, J. P., Peterson, G. W., Lenz, J. G., Reardon, R. C., & Saunders, D. E. (1996). Professional manual: Career thoughts inventory. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Schullery, N., Ickes, L., & Schullery, S. (2009). Employer preferences for resumes and cover letters. Business Communication Quarterly, 72(2), 163-176.Smith-Hunter, A., Paul, M., & DeCasperis, F. (2010). Gender role perceptions and job satisfaction levels. Journal of Academy of Business and Economics, 10, 62 – 72.Thoms, P., McMasters, R., Roberts, M., & Dombkowski, D. (1999). Resume characteristics as predictors of an invitation to interview. Journal of Business and Psychology, 13(3), 339-356.Tross, S., & Maurer, T. (2008). The effect of coaching interviewees on subsequent interview performance in structured experience-based interviews. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 81, 589-605.Vidal-Brown, S. & Thompson, B. (1998). The career assessment diagnostic inventory: A score reliability and validity study. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association.Wood, L. & Kaczynski, D. (2007). University students in USA and Australia: Anticipation and reflection on the transition to work. International Journal of Employment Studies, 15, (2), 91-101