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Heart disease - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Heart disease. Heart disease. Congenital Ischemic Hypertensive Valvular Cardiomyopathy Pericardium Tumors. Congenital. ISCHEMIC HYPERTENSIVE VALVULAR MYOPATHIC. Heart failure. Dyspnea on exertion at rest Orthopnea redistribution of peripheral edema fluid

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Presentation Transcript
heart disease1
Heart disease
  • Congenital
  • Ischemic
  • Hypertensive
  • Valvular
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Pericardium
  • Tumors
congenital
Congenital
  • ISCHEMIC
  • HYPERTENSIVE
  • VALVULAR
  • MYOPATHIC
slide4

Heart failure

  • Dyspnea
    • on exertion
    • at rest
  • Orthopnea
    • redistribution of peripheral edema fluid
    • graded by number of pillows needed
  • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND)
ischemic
ISCHEMIC
  • Angina Pectoris
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Chronic IHD CHF
  • Sudden Cardiac Death
  • Acute Coronary Syndromes:
    • UNSTABLE ANGINA
    • AMI
    • SCD
hypertensive
HYPERTENSIVE
  • Hypertrophic adaptive response
    • Myocardial dysfunction
    • Cardiac dilatation
    • CHF
    • Sudden death
valvular
VALVULAR
  • Stenosis
  • Regurgitation
cardiomyopathies
CARDIOMYOPATHIES
  • Inflammatory
  • Immunologic
  • Metabolic
  • Dystrophies
  • Genetic
  • Idiopathic
cardiomyopathies1
CARDIOMYOPATHIES
  • DILATED
  • HYPERTROPHIC
  • RESTRICTIVE
cardiomyopathies2
CARDIOMYOPATHIES
  • Chest pain is common
  • Frequently asymptomatic
  • Severe cases associated with heart failure, arrhythmias
  • ECG abnormalities are often present, although the changes are frequently nonspecific
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy may be present
  • An echocardiogram is useful
  • Chest radiographs can be normal or can show evidence of congestive heart failure or cardiomegaly.
treatment
Treatment
  • medication
  • changes in lifestyle
  • Implanted pacemakers
  • Defibrillators
  • (LVADs)
  • ablation
assessment questions
Assessment questions
  • How many different types of cardiomyopathies do we have?
  • List down the symptoms of heart failure.
  • In general, is medication an appropriate treatment method for cardiomyopathy? YES/NO