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Story of the People of the Cave. Week 2. Allah Summarizes Their Story. ﴿فَضَرَبْنَا عَلَى ءَاذَانِهِمْ فِى الْكَهْفِ سِنِينَ عَدَدًا ﴾

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Story of the People of the Cave

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allah summarizes their story
Allah Summarizes Their Story
  • ﴿فَضَرَبْنَا عَلَى ءَاذَانِهِمْ فِى الْكَهْفِ سِنِينَ عَدَدًا ﴾
  • (Therefore, We covered up their hearing in the cave for a number of years.) meaning, `We caused them to sleep when they entered the cave, and they slept for many years.'
  • ﴿ثُمَّ بَعَثْنَـهُمْ﴾
  • (Then We raised them up) from that slumber, and one of them went out with his Dirhams (silver coins) to buy them some food, as it will be discussed in more detail below. Allah says:
  • ﴿ثُمَّ بَعَثْنَـهُمْ لِنَعْلَمَ أَيُّ الحِزْبَيْنِ﴾
  • (Then We raised them up, that We might test which of the two parties) meaning, the two parties who disputed about them,
  • ﴿أَحْصَى لِمَا لَبِثُواْ أَمَدًا﴾
  • (was best at calculating the time period that they stayed put.) It was said that this refers to how long they stayed in the cave
allah increases the believers in guidance
Allah Increases the Believers in Guidance
  • نَّحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ نَبَأَهُم بِالْحَقِّ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ فِتْيَةٌ آمَنُوا بِرَبِّهِمْ وَزِدْنَاهُمْ هُدًى
  • It is We who relate to you, [O Muhammad], their story in truth. Indeed, they were youths who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance.
  • He said elsewhere:
  • ﴿وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْاْ زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَءَاتَـهُمْ تَقُوَاهُمْ ﴾
  • (While as for those who accept guidance, He increases their guidance and bestows on them their Taqwa.) ﴿47:17
  • ﴿فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ ءامَنُواْ فَزَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَـناً وَهُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ﴾
  • (As for those who believe, it has increased their faith, and they rejoice.) ﴿9:124
symptoms of weak faith
Symptoms of Weak Faith
  • Publicly declaring one’s sins
    • All of my ummah will be fine except for those who commit sin openly, an example of which is a man who does something at night, and when morning comes and Allaah has concealed his sin, he says, ‘O So-and-so, I did such and such yesterday.’ His Lord had covered his sin all night, but he has uncovered what Allaah had concealed.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari,)
  • Being heedless during acts of worship
    • Allaah “does not accept the du’aa’ of one whose heart is heedless of Him.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 3479; al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 594).
  • Laziness and carelessness in performing acts of worship
    • The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “People will keep holding back from being in the first row (of congregational prayers), until Allaah throws them into the Fire.” (Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 679; Saheeh al-Targheeb, no. 510)
more symptoms
More Symptoms
  • Not being moved by the book of Allah or reminders of Jannah and Jahannam
  • Does not care whether the laws of Allah are being violated
    • “The heart will be subjected to trial after trial, and there will appear a black stain on any heart that is affected, which will spread until the heart is completely black and sealed, as it were, so that it will not recognize any good deed or denounce any evil, except whatever suits its own desires.” (Reported by Muslim, no. 144)
  • Using leadership to fulfill own desires
    • “You will be very keen to be leaders, but you will regret it on the Day of Resurrection, for although it seems easy in the beginning, it becomes a hardship later on [literally: the breastfeeding is a luxury but weaning is miserable].” (
    • The meaning is that at the beginning, leadership brings wealth, power and enjoyment, but later it brings the risk of being assassinated or deposed, and one will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection). (Reported by al-Bukhaari, no. 6729).
    • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also said: “If you wish, I could tell you about leadership and what it is. Firstly, it is blame; secondly, it is regret; and thirdly, it is punishment on the Day of Resurrection – except for one who is just.” (Reported by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 18/72; Saheeh al-Jaami’,
  • Liking people to stand up in his presence
    • “Whoever feels happy to have the slaves of Allaah stand up for him, let him occupy his house in Hellfire.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad, 977; see also Silsilah al-Saheeh, 357).
  • “Stinginess and faith never exist together in the heart of the believer.” (Reported by al-Nisaa’i, al-Mujtaba, 6/13; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2678).
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also described the serious nature of stinginess and its consequences: “Beware of stinginess, for those who came before you were destroyed because of stinginess. It commanded them to be miserly, so they were miserly; it commanded them to cut family ties, so they cut them; and it commanded them to be immoral, so they were immoral.” (Reported by Abu Dawood, 2/324; Saheeh al-Jaami, no. 2678)
more symptoms1
More Symptoms
  • Not practicing what one preaches
    • "A man will be brought on the Day of Resurrection and thrown in the (Hell) Fire, so that his intestines will come out, and he will go around like a donkey goes around a millstone. The people of (Hell) Fire will gather around him and say: O so-and-so! What is wrong with you? Didn't you use to order us to do good deeds and forbid us to do bad deeds? He will reply: Yes, I used to order you to do good deeds, but I did not do them myself, and I used to forbid you to do bad deeds, yet I used to do them myself.“ Al-Bukhari
  • Rejoicing at the afflictions of others
    • “None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.”
more symptoms2
More Symptoms
  • Not interested in doing more good deeds
    • He said, ‘Do not look down on any act of goodness, even if it is just emptying your bucket into the vessel of one who wants to drink, or speaking to your brother with a cheerful expression.’” (Musnad Ahmad, 5/63; al-Silsilat al-Saheehah, 1352).
    • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “A man passed a branch of a tree lying in the road and said, ‘By Allaah, I want to remove this out of the way of the Muslims so that it will not hurt them,’ and he was admitted to Paradise.” (Reported by Muslim, no. 1914)
  • Excessive arguing
    • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in a saheehhadeeth: “No people will go astray after having being guided except that they become argumentative.” (Reported by Ahmad in al-Musnad, 5/252; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 5633).
more symptoms3
More Symptoms
  • Love of this world and envy
    • the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every nation has its fitnah (trial or temptation), and the fitnah of my ummah is wealth.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 2336; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2148)
    • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Two hungry wolves sent against the sheep do not do more damage to them than a man’s eagerness for wealth and standing does to his religion.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2376; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 5620).
  • Envy
    •  “Eeman and hasad do not exist together in the heart of the true slave.” (Reported by Abu Dawood, 5/150; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1464).
cures for weak faith
Cures for Weak Faith
  • Dua
    • “Faith wears out in the heart of any one of you just as clothes wear out, so ask Allaah to renew the faith in your hearts.” (Reported by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak)
  • Reflecting on the meanings of the Qur’aan
  • Trying to feel an awareness of the might of Allaah, learning His names and attributes, pondering their meanings, trying to understand them and to establish these feelings in the heart so that they may have an effect on one’s actions
  • Seeking Islamic knowledge
  • Doing a lot of righteous deeds and filling one’s time with them
more cures
More Cures
  • Muslims should rush to do good deeds, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings): “And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth…” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:133]and 
  • “Race one with another in hurrying towards Forgiveness from your Lord (Allaah), and towards Paradise, the width whereof is as the width of heaven and earth…” [al-Hadeed 57:21
things related to doing good deeds
Things Related to Doing Good Deeds
  • Consistency in doing good deeds
    • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked: “Which deed is most beloved to Allaah?” He said, “The one that is continuous, even if it is little.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, 11/194).
    • When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did something, he kept it up.” (Reported by Muslim, KitaabSalaat al-Musaafir, Baab 18, Hadeeth 141).
  • Not exhausting oneself (avoiding “burnout”)
  • Making up for what one has missed
  • Hoping that one’s deeds will be accepted whilst fearing that they may not.
  • Doing a variety of acts of worship
more cures1
More Cures
  • Fearing a bad end
    • Some Reasons for a bad ending
      • Doubt
      • Bad company
      • Procrastination
  • Remember death often
    • The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Remember often the destroyer of pleasure, meaning death.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2307; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1210). 
  • Visit the graves
    • “I used to forbid you to visit graves, but now (go and) visit them, for this softens the heart, makes the eyes weep and reminds one of the Hereafter, and do not speak in an obscene manner.” (Reported by al-Haakim, 1/376; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 4584).
allah made their hearts firm
Allah Made Their Hearts Firm
  • ﴿وَرَبَطْنَا عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ إِذْ قَامُواْ فَقَالُواْ رَبُّنَا رَبُّ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ لَن نَّدْعُوَاْ مِن دُونِهِ إِلـهاً﴾
  • (And We made their hearts firm and strong when they stood up and said: "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, never shall we call upon any god other than Him...'')
  • ﴿لَّقَدْ قُلْنَا إِذًا شَطَطًا﴾
  • (if we did, we should indeed have uttered an enormity in disbelief.) meaning, untruth and absolute falsehood.
  • ﴿هَـؤُلاءِ قَوْمُنَا اتَّخَذْواْ مِن دُونِهِ ءَالِهَةً لَّوْلاَ يَأْتُونَ عَلَيْهِم بِسُلْطَـنٍ بَيِّنٍ﴾
  • (These, our people, have taken for worship gods other than Him (Allah).
  • Why do they not bring for them a clear authority) meaning, why do they not produce some clear evidence and genuine proof for their behavior
the most oppressive people are those that lie a bout allah
The Most Oppressive People are Those That Lie About Allah
  • ﴿فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا﴾
  • (And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah.) They said: `but by saying that they are lying transgressors.'
  • It was said that when they called their king to believe in Allah, he refused, and warned and threatened them. He commanded them to be stripped of their clothing bearing the adornments of their people, then he gave them some time to think about the situation, hoping that they would return to their former religion.
  • This was a way that Allah showed kindness for them, because during that time they managed to escape from him and flee from persecution for the sake of their religion.