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INTERTANKO Asian Seminar 25 October 2013 Dr Phillip Belcher Marine Director INTERTANKO. Structure of Talk Human Element Gulf of Guinea piracy Panama Canal Expansion Maritime Labour Convention. Human Element. Our Goal Zero fatalities Zero pollution Zero detentions
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25 October 2013
Dr Phillip Belcher
Gulf of Guinea piracy
Panama Canal Expansion
Maritime Labour Convention
Our committee set up
They need to understand why it is necessary, why they should follow it and why they should train others to follow it.
And regulators must always be seen to be applying the same rules and enforcing them equally.
Integral part of the system
Rules cannot cover everything, so machines cannot do everything
People can think
Analysis of accident
Identify the problems
Feeding back operation practice
Monitoring the implementation
Monitor the accident and near miss rate
Be willing to change again
Seafarers still losing their lives
Formal training drillrequired in SOLAS
Train out the short cutting idea
Train out the natural desire to ‘run in’
Empower juniors to question seniors
Seafarers have the training
Company back up
Encouraged to question, to give feedback
Show that they have a stake in their safety
Human element is your premier line of defence.
Differences East to West
Structure of piracy
Avoiding the problem
BMP5 Spring 2014
Self protection measures
Oil theft c250,000bbls a day
Effective civil war
Most pirates Nigerian based
Ship hijacked 130’ off coast
Able to undertake multiple STS operations
Sophisticated support structure
Theft of personal effects
Theft of cargo
Use of extreme and shocking violence
HoG meeting in Spring 2013
Agreement to take action
No agreement on reporting centre
No tangible changes noted
But.... Nigeria starting to take a more proactive stance
NATO exploring the expansion of remit
Regular training missions by French and UK navy
Hampered by territorial waters
Regular meetings with military
Working with PMSCs
Liaising with Governments and regional bodies
Working with Flag States
Updating of the interim guidelines
Raising the profile of this issue
Tender NoR early
Consider waiting 200’ off or use another coastal states’ waters
Utilise the best self protection measures
Work only with known contacts
Keep flag informed of movements
Consider additional hidden tracking devices
Use security if needed
Revise interim guidelines
Raise profile of issue
Continue to work with regional partners
Is the region able to deliver security?
Do we need armed guards?
Larger locks c15m draft, 50m beam
3 part pricing structure
Applies to both new and partly to old locks
Aim to maximise use and variable on demand
Probably a 10% increase, but....
15 November industry consultation
24 February formal one month consultation
14 April new charges gazetted
1 October new charges implemented
Summer 2015 locks open new charges in place
Recognise that extra payments already made
Require a clear and simple payment structure
Long lead time for any variability of tolls
IMO Class II and III ships classed as tankers
Small ships not to face a disproportionate increase
Flexibility in mooring arrangements
Need members input
Weekly news item of last week
PCA presentation available on request
End of month for feedback
20 August for first 30 States
Various dates after that
On ratification, Entry into force one year later
PSC very active
Paris MoU detained 8 ships in first month
12% of those inspected
Requests … during a period of one year following the initial entry into … flag and port States give due consideration to allowing ships to continue to operate without the certificate and declaration referred to, provided that their inspectors have no evidence that the ships do not conform to the requirements of the Convention
“…during a period of one year after 20 August 2013. ILO invited the member States to take a pragmatic approach in this respect during the first year.”
So 12% detention rate is pragmatic!
Mostly revolve around lack of documentation
No evidence on board of crew contracts
Absence of seaman’s books
No reports of physical problems nor complaints
EMSA head of PSC stated that as long as the flag has gone through its processes, a PSC must accept their interpretations.
Differences between flag and costal state must be accepted
Area of great concern
Panama exclude cadets
Most flags pragmatic
France, Germany less so
Confusion surrounding shipmanager, owner, bareboat and timecharters
ITF push for beneficial owner
Is the owner the same as for ISM?
How far do the responsibilities go for the owners?
Must have the process on board
Seafarer can make complaint to shore
PSC can use complaint as justification for detailed inspection
Special tri partite meeting
Iron out some difficulties
Could look at amendments/guidance
Plan for INTERTANKO to be part of Ship Owner group
Your opportunity to provide feedback
What are your problems?
How have you solved them?
What needs to be resolved in the convention?