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INTERTANKO Asian Seminar 25 October 2013 Dr Phillip Belcher Marine Director INTERTANKO PowerPoint Presentation
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INTERTANKO Asian Seminar 25 October 2013 Dr Phillip Belcher Marine Director INTERTANKO. Structure of Talk Human Element Gulf of Guinea piracy Panama Canal Expansion Maritime Labour Convention. Human Element. Our Goal Zero fatalities Zero pollution Zero detentions

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

INTERTANKO Asian Seminar

25 October 2013

Dr Phillip Belcher

Marine Director

INTERTANKO

slide2

Structure of Talk

Human Element

Gulf of Guinea piracy

Panama Canal Expansion

Maritime Labour Convention

slide4

Our Goal

Zero fatalities

Zero pollution

Zero detentions

Our committee set up

ISTEC

Vetting

HEiSC

slide5

When things go wrong

  • Human error 80% all accidents
      • 100%?
  • So naturally we focus on people
  • New regulations
slide6

Why Rules are not followed

  • Lack of knowledge
  • Taking a short-cut
  • Lack of surveillance and enforcement
  • Lack of trust
  • Demonstrate professional skill
  • Rule could not cover everything
slide7

Seafarers ‘buy into the rule’

They need to understand why it is necessary, why they should follow it and why they should train others to follow it.

And regulators must always be seen to be applying the same rules and enforcing them equally.

slide8

Importance of people

Integral part of the system

Rules cannot cover everything, so machines cannot do everything

People can think

slide9

Designing for people

  • Design the human into the system
  • Not just ergonomics
  • Think how people will:
      • work with,
      • use and
      • maintain the system
slide10

E-Navigation

  • Integrating systems for the right reason
  • Not good enough to stick it in a box
  • When designing, consider Apple
      • High quality products that you want to use
  • Integrate the system around the person
slide11

Training

Analysis of accident

Identify the problems

Feeding back operation practice

Monitoring the implementation

Monitor the accident and near miss rate

Be willing to change again

slide12

Enclosed space entry

Seafarers still losing their lives

Formal training drillrequired in SOLAS

Train out the short cutting idea

Train out the natural desire to ‘run in’

Empower juniors to question seniors

slide13

Beyond mere compliance

Seafarers have the training

Experience

Expertise

Company back up

Encouraged to question, to give feedback

Show that they have a stake in their safety

slide14

Make the human element an asset

Human element is your premier line of defence.

Any Questions?

slide16

Gulf of Guinea

Differences East to West

Structure of piracy

Regional activities

Naval activities

Industry activities

Avoiding the problem

Next steps

slide17

Somalian Piracy

Effective combating

Naval Forces

Development ashore

Armed guards

BMP5 Spring 2014

Self protection measures

Speed

HRA definition

slide18

Differences East to West

  • Not a replication of ‘Business model’
  • Somalia, ransom the people
    • Incentive to keep seafarers in one piece
  • GoG, Steal everything, occasional ransoms
    • No such incentive
  • Somalia, lack of effective government
  • GoG, numerous governments
slide19

Guards

  • Somalia, well established routine
    • Armed guards widely available
  • GoG, Only unarmed PMSCs
    • Armed guards only from coastal State
  • Somalia, international naval involvement
  • GoG, reliance on local navies
slide20

Nigeria

Oil theft c250,000bbls a day

MEND

Effective civil war

Endemic corruption

Most pirates Nigerian based

slide21

Pirates

Ship hijacked 130’ off coast

Able to undertake multiple STS operations

Sophisticated support structure

Theft of personal effects

Theft of cargo

Kidnapping

Use of extreme and shocking violence

slide22

Regional Activities

HoG meeting in Spring 2013

Agreement to take action

No agreement on reporting centre

No tangible changes noted

But.... Nigeria starting to take a more proactive stance

slide23

Naval activities

NATO exploring the expansion of remit

Regular training missions by French and UK navy

Hampered by territorial waters

slide24

Industry activities

Regular meetings with military

Working with PMSCs

Liaising with Governments and regional bodies

Working with Flag States

Updating of the interim guidelines

Raising the profile of this issue

slide25

Avoiding the problem

Tender NoR early

Consider waiting 200’ off or use another coastal states’ waters

Utilise the best self protection measures

Work only with known contacts

Keep flag informed of movements

Consider additional hidden tracking devices

Use security if needed

slide26

Next steps

Revise interim guidelines

Raise profile of issue

Continue to work with regional partners

Questions:

Is the region able to deliver security?

Do we need armed guards?

slide29

New Pricing

Larger locks c15m draft, 50m beam

3 part pricing structure

Tonnage

Cargo utilisation

Variable factor

Applies to both new and partly to old locks

Aim to maximise use and variable on demand

Probably a 10% increase, but....

slide30

Timeline

15 November industry consultation

24 February formal one month consultation

14 April new charges gazetted

1 October new charges implemented

Summer 2015 locks open new charges in place

slide31

Proposed INTERTANKO position

Recognise that extra payments already made

Require a clear and simple payment structure

Long lead time for any variability of tolls

IMO Class II and III ships classed as tankers

Small ships not to face a disproportionate increase

Flexibility in mooring arrangements

slide32

Feedback

Need members input

Weekly news item of last week

PCA presentation available on request

End of month for feedback

slide34

Maritime Labour Convention

20 August for first 30 States

Various dates after that

On ratification, Entry into force one year later

PSC very active

Paris MoU detained 8 ships in first month

12% of those inspected

slide35

Resolution XVII

Requests … during a period of one year following the initial entry into … flag and port States give due consideration to allowing ships to continue to operate without the certificate and declaration referred to, provided that their inspectors have no evidence that the ships do not conform to the requirements of the Convention

slide36

Paris MoU

“…during a period of one year after 20 August 2013. ILO invited the member States to take a pragmatic approach in this respect during the first year.”

So 12% detention rate is pragmatic!

slide37

Deficiencies

Mostly revolve around lack of documentation

No evidence on board of crew contracts

Absence of seaman’s books

No reports of physical problems nor complaints

slide38

Flag State rule differences

EMSA head of PSC stated that as long as the flag has gone through its processes, a PSC must accept their interpretations.

Differences between flag and costal state must be accepted

slide39

Definition of Seafarer

Area of great concern

Panama exclude cadets

Special personnel

Riding squads

Security guards

slide40

Definition of Shipowner

Most flags pragmatic

France, Germany less so

Confusion surrounding shipmanager, owner, bareboat and timecharters

ITF push for beneficial owner

Is the owner the same as for ISM?

slide41

Financial support

Abandonment

Social security

slide42

Recruitment companies

How far do the responsibilities go for the owners?

slide43

Complaints procedure

Must have the process on board

Seafarer can make complaint to shore

PSC can use complaint as justification for detailed inspection

slide44

Next steps

Special tri partite meeting

Iron out some difficulties

Could look at amendments/guidance

Plan for INTERTANKO to be part of Ship Owner group

Your opportunity to provide feedback

slide45

Feedback Break-out

What are your problems?

How have you solved them?

What needs to be resolved in the convention?

Anything else?

slide46

Thank you

Phil Belcher

phillip.belcher@intertanko.com