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Future directions in EU development policy. Françoise Moreau DG Development and Cooperation – Europe Aid European Commission. The starting point: evolution of EU development policy since 2000. 2000 International community agreed the MDGs

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Future directions in eu development policy

Future directions in EU development policy

Françoise Moreau

DG Development and Cooperation – Europe Aid

European Commission

The starting point evolution of eu development policy since 2000
The starting point: evolution of EU development policy since 2000

2000 International community agreed the MDGs

2005 International commitments on aid effectiveness: Paris Agenda

2005 - EU development policy became:

  • more European: Consensus, enhanced coordination, Code of Conduct on Division of Labour

  • broader: emphasis on PCD

    2008 Reaffirmation of commitments to MDGs, finance for development and effectiveness: EU recognised as global development leader (EU MDG Agenda for Action, ambitious EU positions for Accra and Doha)

    Against a backdrop of changing international context throughout the decade:

  • new actors (private sector, emerging donors, local authorities);

  • new challenges (climate, multiple crises, vulnerability, security…);

  • economic downturn & budget constraints (ODA under threat)

2010 2012 new challenges new opportunities
2010-2012: new challenges, new opportunities

2010 New European context: Lisbon Treaty – explicit position of development in external action, clarity of poverty objective as one pillar of external action, strengthened provisions on coordination and coherence (PCD)

UN MDG Summit, New York: consensus on need to accelerate progress; EU position for the Summit confirmed commitments to ODA and MDGs; €1 Billion MDG Initiative

Many European donors adjusting their portfolios (downsizing, exits, sector focus …)

2011 Events in North Africa: importance of good governance, employment and growth, security-development nexus brought into sharper focus

Spring Accountability Report: EU ODA almost €54 billion in 2010 = 0.43% EU GNI; ODA must double to reach 0.7% in 2015; but EU remains the World’s largest donor

EEAS and DEVCO up and running

MFF proposals (June), EU position for Busan (Q3), policy communications (Q3/4), proposals for post-2013 financial instruments (Q4) Council decisions end 2011-2012

Towards an updated eu development policy
Towards an updated EU development policy

Green Paper, November 2010 and public consultation: "EU development policy in support of inclusive growth and sustainable development: Increasing the impact of EU development policy"

In parallel with:

Green Paper, October 2010 and public consultation: "The future of EU budget support to third countries"

Public consultation, January 2011: "What funding for EU external action after 2013?" - preparing the next Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020

Basic principles and aims
Basic principles and aims

  • Build on existing commitments and existing body of EU development policy: update rather than re-write policy; meet current needs and take advantage of new opportunities; keep what works, implement existing commitments, inject the “missing elements” of growth and governance

  • Propose ways to increase the impact of EU development policy on:

    • economic and social policy reforms in developing countries;

    • improved governance and more inclusive and more sustainable economic growth as key ingredients for poverty eradication;

    • leveraging finance for development;

    • and, ultimately, poverty reduction (meeting the MDGs and beyond).

  • Enhance the position of the EU as global development leader and contribute to a broader and more inclusive international development agenda beyond 2015.

Key policy ideas
Key policy ideas

  • Strengthening the EU's offer to partner countries in the fields of inclusive and sustainable growth and good governance;

  • Enhanced concentration of EU and Member States' development cooperation programmes, improved coordination and reduced fragmentation at country level;

  • Greater differentiation in development partnerships depending on partners' development needs, economic and financial capacities, and performance;

  • Development beyond aid – strengthening policy coherence for development and linking internal and external policies in pursuit of mutual and global interests;

  • Broadening partnerships by engaging with emerging donors, civil society, the private sector and local authorities.

Updating development policy to increase impact
Updating development policy to increase impact

  • Questions?

  • Feedback?

  • Ideas?

  • Concerns?