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FUNDAMENTALS OF safety. Benefits of a Safety Program. Reduces work related injuries and illness Improves morale and productivity Reduces workers’ compensation costs. 4 elements of an effective safety program. Mgmt. commitment and employee involvement Worksite analysis

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benefits of a safety program
Benefits of a Safety Program
  • Reduces work related injuries and illness
  • Improves morale and productivity
  • Reduces workers’ compensation costs
4 elements of an effective safety program
4 elements of an effective safety program
  • Mgmt. commitment and employee involvement
  • Worksite analysis
  • Hazard prevention and control
  • Safety training
methods to prevent and control hazards
Methods to prevent and control hazards
  • Engineering controls
  • Administrative controls
  • PPE
  • Safe work practices
what is an emergency
What is an emergency?
  • An emergency can be caused by natural events or human actions.
  • It is critical to have a plan for any emergency that may occur anytime, anywhere.
work setting
Work Setting
  • 1. Knowing your employer’s Emergency Action Plan (EAP)
  • 2. EAP covers:
  • Evacuation routes and assembly areas
  • Medical response options
  • Employee notification procedures
  • Types of emergencies that could reasonably occur.
developing an emergency action plan
Developing an emergency action plan
  • Describe actions that ensure employee safety during an emergency
  • To map out a floor plan showing emergency routes
  • To communicate to employees the actions they are to take in emergency situations
  • To ensure all emergencies that might reasonably be expected are covered in the plan.
what type of emergencies
What type of emergencies?
  • Fires
  • Toxic chemical releases
  • Hurricanes
  • Tornadoes
  • Blizzards
  • Floods
  • Earthquakes
  • Terrorist attacks
slide9
OSHA
  • OCCUPATIONAL
  • SAFETY AND
  • HEALTH ADMINISTRATION
slide10

Encourages employers and employees to work together to reduce workplace hazards and implement or improve safety programs.

  • Develops and enforces mandatory job standards in the areas of occupational safety and health.
  • Maintains a reporting and recordkeeping system to monitor job-related illnesses and injuries.
  • 4. Provides assistance, training, and other support program is to help employees and workers.
employer responsibilities
Employer Responsibilities
  • Provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards
  • Follow requirements of OSHA standards
  • Provide appropriate training for employees
employee responsibilities
Employee responsibilities
  • 1. Follow employer’s safety and health rules
  • 2. Wear or use all required gear and equipment
  • 3. Follow safe work practices for your job as directly by your employer
employee rights
Employee rights
  • 1. Workers can complain to OSHA in person, by telephone, by mail or electronically through OSHA’s web site about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety.
  • 2. Complainants have whistleblower protections against reprisal.
osha requirements
OSHA requirements
  • 1. Emergency Action Plan must be in writing
  • 2. Plan must list employee Safety Officer
  • 3. Plan must have written dates for inspections and yearly assessment/training
  • 4. Plan must give procedures addressing all hazards in the facility
slide15

5. Plan must identify hazards and prevention

  • 6. Plan must provide initial training and yearly training of every employee
  • 7. Training and re-training must be documented
  • 8. Report of all employee injuries/incidents must be posted every April in a designated site that is stated in the EAP. This report must be posted for the specific time frame according to OSHA.
blood borne pathogens
Blood borne pathogens
  • Blood borne pathogens are organisms that cause disease.
ways of transmission
Ways of transmission
  • 1. Airborne
  • 2. Blood borne – Hep B and HIV are examples
  • 3. Foodborne
type of body fluids put you at risk
Type of body fluids put you at risk
  • Blood, semen, vaginal fluids
routes of entry
Routes of entry
  • 1. Cut in the skin
  • 2. Exposure to your eyes, nose or mouth
  • 3. Sexual conduct
  • 4. Sharing needles
to reduce the risk of exposure it is important to have the following
To reduce the risk of exposure, it is important to have the following:
  • 1. Knowledge of blood borne pathogens
  • 2. Follow universal precautions
  • 3. Engineering controls
  • 4. Utilize safe work practices
employers are required to provide for all employees who may be exposed
Employers are required to provide for all employees who may be exposed:
  • 1. A written exposure control plan
  • 2. Training
  • 3. Adequate PPE
if exposed to blood borne pathogen
If exposed to blood borne pathogen
  • It is important to immediately wash the exposed area of your body with soap and water or water only for exposure to eyes or mouth. Notify supervisor immediately after washing.
hazard communication
Hazard communication
  • 1. Commonly called the “Right to Know Law”
  • 2. Gives you the right to know every chemical hazard in your work area
  • 3. Warning labels must be on a container holding a hazardous chemical
slide25

4. According to OSHA if you are hired by a company to work in an area where hazardous chemicals are stored but your regular job would not require you to handle those chemicals the employer is required to provide you training prior to working in the area.

  • 5. Chronic exposure happens slowly over a long period of time.
slide26

6. Chemicals can create the following physical hazards:

  • a. Fire
  • b. Explosion
  • c. Dangerous chemical reactions
fire prevention plans and protection
Fire prevention Plans and protection
  • Subpart E: Exit routes, Emergency action plans, and Fire prevention plans contain requirements essential to providing a safe means of escape from fire and similar emergencies.
  • Subpart L: Fire Protection contains requirement s for fire brigades and all portable and fixed fire suppression equipment, fire detection systems, and fire or employee alarm systems installed to meet the fire protection requirements of 29 CFR Part 1910
3 parts to appropriate exit route
3 parts to appropriate exit route
  • 1. Exit access
  • 2. Exit
  • 3. Exit discharge
characteristics of effective exit route
Characteristics of effective exit route
  • 1. Fire alarms to alert occupants, including flashing lights to alert those that are hearing impaired.
  • 2. Enough exits in the proper arrangement for quick escape of all occupants in an emergency
  • 3. Adequate and reliable illumination for all exit facilities.
  • 4. At least 28 inches wide and 7 ½ ft. in height
slide30

5. Unobstructed, unblocked and unlocked exits

  • 6. The door that connects any room to an exit rout must swing out in the direction of exit travel if the room is designed to be occupied by more than 50 people or if the room is a high hazard area.
elements of a fire prevention plan
Elements of a fire prevention plan
  • 1. The plan must be in writing
  • 2. The plan must list major fire hazards
  • 3. The plan must give procedures for handling, storage and control of items that have been identifies as major fire hazards.
slide32

4. The plan must give the names and mob titles of persons responsible for

  • a. Maintenance of equipment and systems to prevent or control ignitions or fires.
  • b. Control of fuel source hazards
  • 5. The plan must provide training for all employees who have responsibility for activates in the plan.
5 classes of fire extinguishers
5 classes of fire extinguishers
  • Class A – combustibles/wood, cloth, paper
  • Class B – flammables/liquids, gases
  • Class C – electrical/energized electrical equipment
  • Class D – combustible metals
  • Class K – combustible cooking media/vegetable or animal oils and fats
requirements for maintenance of portable fire extinguishers
Requirements for maintenance of portable fire extinguishers
  • 1. Must be fully charged
  • 2. Must be kept in operable condition
  • 3. Must be kept in their designated place at all times except during operation
  • 4. Must conduct an annual maintenance check
  • 5. Must record the annual maintenance check and retain this record for one year after the last entry or for the life of the shell whichever is less
preventing workplace violence
Preventing workplace violence
  • Violence can include physical, non-physical, verbal, and non-verbal attacks. One of the best ways to prevent workplace violence is to recognize the warning signs.
potentially violent situations
Potentially violent situations:
  • 1. Abusive language
  • 2. Harassment
  • 3. Intimidation
  • 4. Physical assault
  • 5. Threats of assault
factors that lead to an increase risk
Factors that lead to an increase risk
  • 1. Working late night or early morning hours handling money or other valuables
  • 2. Making deliveries and having extensive contact with the public
  • 3. Working in places where alcohol is served.
strong warning signs of potential violent behavior
Strong warning signs of potential violent behavior
  • 1. Making an obscene gesture to co workers
  • 2. Screaming at customers
  • 3. Constantly complaining about the job
  • 4. Showing up to work under the influence of alcohol
3 basic things to expect from an employer to keep workplace safe
3 basic things to expect from an employer to keep workplace safe
  • 1. A workplace violence policy
  • 2. Training in preventing workplace violence
  • 3. Consistently maintained safe work environment
3 behaviors an employee can do to provide a safe environment
3 behaviors an employee can do to provide a safe environment
  • 1. Be familiar with employer’s workplace violence policy
  • 2. Report any warning signs or threats of violence
  • 3. Treat coworkers and customers with respect
3 workplace violence prevention strategies
3 workplace violence prevention strategies
  • 1. Employer and employee involvement
  • 2. Warning signs
  • 3. Coping skills
3 steps to prevent workplace violence
3 steps to prevent workplace violence
  • 1. Understand how to protect yourself
  • 2. Think about safety in your surroundings
  • 3. Plan your possible responses to a violent situation
ergonomics
ergonomics
  • The science of adjusting the environment, task, or procedure to fit the individual.
slide44

Failure to use proper ergonomic practices can affect almost every part of your body.

  • Using ergonomics, you should omit unnecessary task and vary activities.
  • Awkward posture places a person at risk for injuries due to poor ergonomic practices
proper lifting procedure
Proper lifting procedure
  • Failure to use proper ergonomic practices can affect almost every part of your body.
  • Using ergonomics, you should omit unnecessary task and vary activities.
  • Awkward posture places a person at risk for injuries due to poor ergonomic practices
muscular disorders
Muscular disorders
  • 1. Cumulative trauma – injuries evolve over a period of time from repeated stress
  • 2. Repetitive stress injuries
  • 3. Repetitive motion injuries
personal risk factors for ergonomic hazards
Personal risk factors for ergonomic hazards
  • 1. Physical condition
  • 2. Body size
  • 3. Medical condition