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What Is Soil? PowerPoint Presentation
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What Is Soil?

What Is Soil?

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What Is Soil?

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  1. What Is Soil? Image: T. Loynachan Soils-1-1

  2. Soil is a layer of unconsolidated material on the Earth’s surface in which plants grow. Image: Louis Maher Image: Professional Soil Classifiers Assoc. of Alabama Soils-1-2

  3. Soil is a mixture of mineral grains from the Earth, decomposing organic matter, and voids filled with air or water. Image: Professional Soil Classifiers Assoc. of Alabama Soils-1-3

  4. Soil is the Earth material that links living things (biosphere), air (atmosphere), water (hydrosphere), and the solid Earth (geosphere). Image: Bruce Molnia Soils-1-4

  5. A soil profile is an exposure from the surface downward through a soil to its parent material. Image: Martin Miller Image: NRCS Soils-3-1

  6. Soil profiles generally expose three layers or soil horizons. Image: National Cooperative Soil Survey Soils-3-2

  7. The upper “A” horizon contains organic matter mixed with mineral particles. Percolating water dissolves and removes some mineral constituents from the “A” horizon. Horizon “A” Soils-3-3

  8. Some constituents dissolved from the “A” horizon are deposited below in the “B” horizon. Horizon “A” Horizon “B” Soils-3-4

  9. The “C” horizon is the lower soil layer developed on the underlying parent material. Horizon “A” Horizon “B” Horizon “C” Soils-3-5

  10. A mature soil profile with well developed A, B, and C horizons takes hundreds to thousands of years to develop. Horizon “A” Horizon “B” Horizon “C” Image: NRCS Soils-3-6

  11. Physical weathering breaks rocks into small mineral particles that accumulate on the Earth’s surface. Images: Martin Miller, NRCS Soils-2-2

  12. How Soils Form Image: T. Loynachan Soils-2-1

  13. Chemical weathering dissolves and changes minerals that have accumulated on the Earth’s surface. Images: National Cooperative Soil Survey, University of Nebraska Soils-2-3

  14. Decomposing organic material from plants and animals mixes with accumulated soil minerals. Images: NRCS, Soil Classifiers of Michigan Soils-2-4

  15. Accumulated soil materials contain voids filled with air or water. Image: T. Loynachan Soils-2-5

  16. Continued physical and chemical changes over hundreds to thousands of years produce layers called soil horizons. Image: National Cooperative Soil Survey Soils-2-6