Learning (Conditioning). Learning is how we Adapt to the Environment. Learning— A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience. Behaviorism. The view that psychology should restrict its efforts to studying observable behaviors , not mental processes. Founded by John Watson
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Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936)
– 3:00 clip
Always elicits a reflex action: an unconditioned (unlearned) response
blast of air
What was the UCS in Pavlov’s Experiment?
To Watch a Short Video on Watson and the Little Albert experiment (4:00) click HERE.
CS = CR UCS = UCR
CS + UCS = UCR
CS = New CR
When the rats in group 2 could not reliably predict when the shocks would occur the result was they didn’t learn to fear the tone. This shows they were using cognitive processes!
John Garcia (1917- )
NS = No Response UCS = UCR
NS + UCS = UCR
CS = CR