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Tasks of the European Environment Agency (EEA). To collect data and information on environmental trends in Europe To report on the influence of economic sectors and the effectiveness of (environmental) policies To lay the basis for informed decisions by policy makers

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tasks of the european environment agency eea
Tasks of the European Environment Agency (EEA)
  • To collect data and information on environmental trends in Europe
  • To report on the influence of economic sectors and the effectiveness of (environmental) policies
  • To lay the basis for informed decisions by policy makers
  • 31 member countries, ~150 staff
work on agriculture environment
Work on agriculture & environment
  • IRENA project on agri-envir. indicators for EU-15, together with Commission
  • 40 indicator fact sheets, 2 reports
  • Reports on effects of EU-enlargement + High Nature Value farmland areas
  • Current projects: biofuels on farmland; water pollution from agriculture; CIFAS project
  • www.eea.eu.int
approach of presentation
Approach of presentation
  • Socio-economic framework
  • Strategic rather than implementation perspective (30 years +)
  • The right tool in the right place
  • Learn from monitoring and evaluation
  • Sharing knowledge + good practice
  • Looking ahead..
underlying driving forces factors
Underlying driving forces + factors
  • Economic trends (increase in labour costs, falling product prices)
  • Technological development
  • Socio-economic expectations
  • Further structural change is probable
  • Agricultural policy as a tool for delivering public goods
  • Limited administrative resources for more complex policies
  • Total agricult. budget likely to decline
the strategic perspective
The strategic perspective
  • Nature conservation is forever..
  • There is not one single solution..
  • Discussion of a few principles
  • Aim to add value to nature products
  • Link policies up where possible but do not over-complicate delivery
  • Exploit new trends where possible
  • Focus on conserving or developing ?!
key elements of eafrd regulation
Key elements of EAFRD regulation

Conserving elements:

AE schemes; Natura 2000 payments; semi-subsistence measure; meeting standards measure; LFAs

Developing elements:

Adding value to rural products; farmer training and advice; non-productive investments; upgrading rural heritage; diversification; LEADER approach

chosing the policy approach
Chosing the policy approach

Important factors to consider:

  • Structure of the farming sector
  • Type and distribution of env. issues
  • Administrative structures and capacity
  • Environmental baseline + polluter pays principle
  • Adding value and dynamism
regional paths opportunities
Regional paths + opportunities

The Austrian way:

High public support for RD, regional markets, premium products, new services and diversification, LEADER

The Brandenburg way:

Large-scale farming, strong AE schemes, nature set-aside, large players in organic farming and bio-energy

The Extremaduran way:

Extensive farming under strong physic. constraints, some traditional quality products, support through 1st pillar aid

nature conservation solutions
Nature conservation solutions?
  • Alpine grasslands – Triglav NP (SI)
  • Large coastal + upland grasslands - Matsalu bay (EE), Nemunas delta (LI), White Carpathians (CZ)
  • Hungarian puszta
  • Narew river floodplain (PL)
  • Spanish cereal steppes
monitoring and evaluation
Monitoring and evaluation
  • Key tools for policy learning
  • Is public money well spent?
  • To be integrated into scheme design
  • Often neglected so far
  • New opportunities through EAFRD, Article 67
  • Make use of EAFRD resources + improved technology
learning from each other
Learning from each other
  • It is a knowledge game..
  • R.D. networks under EAFRD are a big step forward – let’s use them!
  • Sharing knowledge between different players and countries
  • Look at LEADER
  • Exploit new technologies?
  • It is a long-term task..
looking into the future
Looking into the future

Who will manage high nature value farmland in 30 years time?

Semi-subsistence farmers: small area

Family farms: where conditions are right

Organic farmers: require top-up schemes

Nature managers: in many cases yes

Large conventional farms: mostly not

Bio-energy farmers: Yes, if we create the right conditions for it!

what remains to be done
What remains to be done?
  • Reform the LFA schemes
  • Further reform of 1st pillar
  • Better targeting of RD measures
  • Evaluation + sharing of knowledge
  • Link RD policy to other policies: LIFE, structural funds, energy policy
  • We have made progress already!