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WA State Export Data & Trends. Andrew J. Cassey School of Economic Sciences Washington State University March 2011. Andrew J. Cassey. Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes. Andrew J. Cassey.

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Wa state export data trends

WA State Export Data & Trends

Andrew J. Cassey

School of Economic Sciences

Washington State University

March 2011

Andrew J. Cassey


Andrew j cassey
Andrew J. Cassey

  • Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota

    • Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy

    • Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes


Andrew j cassey1
Andrew J. Cassey

  • Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota

    • Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy

    • Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes

  • Primary research interest in regional development through exportation

    • Informational barriers to trade, costs to begin to export

    • Export promotion policy


Andrew j cassey2
Andrew J. Cassey

  • Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota

    • Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy

    • Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes

  • Primary research interest in regional development through exportation

    • Informational barriers to trade, costs to begin to export

    • Export promotion policy

  • Contact information

    • cassey@wsu.edu

    • 509-335-8334

    • extecon.wsu.edu/pages/Regional_Economics

    • PO Box 646210, Hulbert Hall 101, Pullman, WA 99164


Outline of webinar
Outline of Webinar

  • State export data

    • How state export data is collected

    • How to interpret state export data

    • WSU Extension publication (FS006E) “The Collection and Description of Washington State Export Data”

  • Trends in Washington exports

    • Data and Graphs

    • WSU Extension publication “Export Trends in Washington State, Vol. 3” in press.

  • More information & Partners


Export assistance program
Export Assistance Program

  • Create a culture of exporting

    • Support and extend outreach efforts to agricultural exporters

    • Conduct research to benefit new-to-export


Export assistance program1
Export Assistance Program

  • Create a culture of exporting

    • Support and extend outreach efforts to agricultural exporters

    • Conduct research to benefit new-to-export

  • Joint with IMPACT Center, SBDC, WSDA

    • A Primer on Exchange Rates & Exporting

    • Interviews with current successful Agricultural exports

    • Interviews with commodity associations

    • Re-vamp of WA Ag Suppliers database

    • Yunfei Zhao: Outreach

    • Andrew Cassey: Research


State export data census bureau customs
State Export Data: Census Bureau & Customs

  • Nominal

    • Data has not been adjusted for inflation

    • Cannot compare across years without modification

    • Best to use Producer Price Index for WA or Seattle-Bremerton-Tacoma (all-commodities, less fuel)


State export data census bureau customs1
State Export Data: Census Bureau & Customs

  • Nominal

    • Data has not been adjusted for inflation

    • Cannot compare across years without modification

    • Best to use Producer Price Index for WA or Seattle-Bremerton-Tacoma (all-commodities, less fuel)

  • Reported either by product (HS) or by industry (NAICS)

    • Cannot get to low levels of disaggregation

    • 6 of 10 digit HS, 3 or 4 of 6 digit NAICS


State export data census bureau customs2
State Export Data: Census Bureau & Customs

  • Nominal

    • Data has not been adjusted for inflation

    • Cannot compare across years without modification

    • Best to use Producer Price Index for WA or Seattle-Bremerton-Tacoma (all-commodities, less fuel)

  • Reported either by product (HS) or by industry (NAICS)

    • Cannot get to low levels of disaggregation

    • 6 of 10 digit HS, 3 or 4 of 6 digit NAICS

  • Services, low-value not counted

    • Only records objects passing through customs

    • Only records shipments of greater than $2500


State export data origin of movement
State Export Data: Origin of Movement

  • Origin of Movement

    • Sales value at port of exit (not value-added)

    • Includes inland transportation cost

    • Does NOT include trans costs beyond U.S. ports

    • State where shipment begins international journey

      • State of consolidation of shipments

      • State of final processing


State export data origin of movement1
State Export Data: Origin of Movement

  • Origin of Movement

    • Sales value at port of exit (not value-added)

    • Includes inland transportation cost

    • Does NOT include trans costs beyond U.S. ports

    • State where shipment begins international journey

      • State of consolidation of shipments

      • State of final processing

    • Consolidation “problems” biggest for unprocessed mining & agricultural exports

      • Personal Preference: NAICS industries, not product codes

    • Not easy (possible) to derive employment or value-added due to exports


State export data data collection
State Export Data: Data Collection

  • Shipper’s Export Declaration & AES

    • Customs

    • Census Bureau

  • WISER: World Institute for Strategic Economic Research


Export trends in washington
Export Trends in Washington

  • Inflation-adjusted time series data (Base year 1982-1984)

  • Specific industries

  • Emphasize exports in the context of overall sales


Export trends in washington1
Export Trends in Washington

  • Inflation-adjusted time series data (Base year 1982-1984)

  • Specific industries

  • Emphasize exports in the context of overall sales

  • Useful for:

    • Assessing industry export prospects

    • Gauging Washington economic healthWA largest exporter in terms of export share of shipments


Export trends to world by industry
Export Trends to World by Industry

  • Aerospace increase by 20%: rebound from strike

  • Overall increase by 2%

  • WA exports driven by Aerospace


Export trends to world by industry1
Export Trends to World by Industry

  • Decrease in other large export industries

  • Should not measure state success with total export data


Exports as percent of shipments by industry
Exports as Percent of Shipments by Industry

  • Exports more important for WA than U.S.

  • Exports increasingly important for Nav. Instruments


Number of countries importing by industry
Number of Countries Importing by Industry

  • General increase in destinations

  • Decrease in destinations in 2009Decrease in exports from less countries or less sales?


Processed ag exports by industry
Processed Ag Exports by Industry

  • All decrease in 2009 except oilseed (is this from WA?)

  • Trend winners: fruit & oilseed


Exports as percent of shipments by industry1
Exports as Percent of Shipments by Industry

  • WA industries match national average until 2007

  • Decrease in domestic shipments: diversification

  • Exports increasingly important for Dairy



Summary
Summary

  • 2009 exports up 2% over 2008

  • Increase due to aerospace and not overall

  • Most other export industries shrank in 2009

  • Grain and oilseed milling is hot export industryFollowed by fruit & vegetable preserves


Summary1
Summary

  • 2009 exports up 2% over 2008

  • Increase due to aerospace and not overall

  • Most other export industries shrank in 2009

  • Grain and oilseed milling is hot export industryFollowed by fruit & vegetable preserves

  • Exports important for diversification of sales

  • Important to monitor % of sales and # of countries


More information
More Information

  • Trade Stats Express:Limited free export data, by industry and country

  • Department of Commerce Int’l Business:General info, Quarterly Trade Bulletin, destination focus

  • Commerce Quarterly Trade Bulletin

  • Small Business Development Center:Extensive network

  • International Trade Alliance Spokane:New-to-export training sessions

  • Trade Development Alliance Seattle:Trade missions