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Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission. Table of Contents 1. Kusile & Equity 2. Eskom Costs 3. Eskom Generation 4. Eskom Revenue 5. Free Basic Electricity. Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission.

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earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Table of Contents

1. Kusile & Equity

2. Eskom Costs

3. Eskom Generation

4. Eskom Revenue

5. Free Basic Electricity

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission1
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation 1: Funding for Kusile should not be in the MYPD2 period as cheaper forms of CAPEX currently exists.

Recommendation 2: Private equity in the public electricity sector should not be considered a source of funding as it is contrary to the public good.

slide4
“...equity is the most expensive form of funding, which will have an adverse impact on tariffs in the long run.”

--Eskom

Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission2
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
  • Costs
  • Eskom's costs may be set too low
  • Oil & coal projections may be too low
  • No indication of a plan to reduce risk to liquid fuel volatility
  • Externalised costs ignored
  • Continued reliance of fossil fuels
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission3
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #3: NERSA examines Eskom's vulnerability to oil prices and its possibly erroneous assumptions of predicted oil pricing. Eskom cannot be allowed to claim costs for OCGT if it does not take reasonable steps to mitigate (i.e. alternative sources of peak power, hedging, future contracts, etc.) volatility and increases above and beyond assumed.

Recommendation #4: Energy efficiency is cheaper than OCGT (either used as peaking or supplementary base load) and this should be given priority over OCGT.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission5
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #5: NERSA to examine water and coal issues at Medupi before granting tariff increases. A rigorous examination would be well within the ambit of the Regulator.

Recommendation #6: NERSA examines Eskom's coal figures in light of long-term trends.

Recommendation #7: NERSA includes the externalised costs of not complying with the Air Quality Act 2004 into the costs of coal-fired generation, as mandated by the White Paper.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission6
"An increase in export prices will also result in capital allocation towards the export market which will further delay the opening up of new coal mines for Eskom supply."

--Eskom

Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission7
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #8: NERSA to mandate that R&D costs should be spent on renewable energy, energy efficiency and smart grid technology.

Recommendation #9: NERSA to make public the details of Eskom's R&D costs.

Recommendation #10: NERSA to recognise that Eskom can internalise externalised costs and that, having done it in terms of road maintenance, that it continues this practise in other cost categories.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission8
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #11: NERSA to ensure that Eskom, for the MYPD2 period, maximise imports into South Africa as an alternative to new generation, as this would smooth out CAPEX and reduce the need for high annual increases.

Recommendation #12: In conjunction with tariff reform, NERSA must examine the financial viability of Eskom's balance of payments with regards to import and export prices.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission9
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #13: Given that high carbon emissions represent a major risk (not only to Eskom but to South Africa as a whole), NERSA should require Eskom to formulate a urgent mitigation strategy and not grant revenue that is contrary to mitigation measures.

Given the low probability of CCS being available soon enough to mitigate carbon emissions, Eskom has no choice but to expand its generation mix and stop building coal-fired power stations. The only practical and cost-effective manner is to invest heavily in renewable technologies and energy efficiency.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission10
"One of the plants we are building is CCS ready, although to be quite frank no one really knows what that is at the moment."

--Steve Lennon, Eskom

Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission11
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
  • Generation
  • Serious cost overruns
  • CAPEX R84bn to R385bn in 3 years!
  • Medupi R60bn to R120bn!
  • Kusile R85bn to R111bn!
  • DSM limited despite being cheapest option.
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission12
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #14: On the basis of financial sustainability, prudence and cost-effectiveness, NERSA should not base any tariff increases on any form of nuclear CAPEX.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission13
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #15:NERSA to reform tariff system so that energy efficiency is attractive for Eskom.

Recommendation #16:Industrial tariffs (especially for SPAs and International End Users) to rise significantly in order for energy efficiency measures to become economically attractive.

Recommendation #17:The Regulator examines the PCP in order to prevent it become a liberalised energy market, thus under-cutting the power and purpose of NERSA.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission14
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
  • Revenue
  • Tariff system is broken
  • 2009 losses include R9.541bn on aluminium and foreign currency linked embedded derivatives
  • Eskom selling below cost of production
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission15
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #18: Eskom abolishes its current practice of selling below the average cost of production; i.e. NERSA should use Eskom's average cost of production as the minimum tariff for all customers (including SPAs and Export), excluding Free Basic Electricity.

Recommendation #19: NERSA to publish the entire contracts of industrial users, SPAs and export arrangements.

slide23
Eskom Average Costs vs. Revenue 2009.

(Derived from pg. 228 of Eskom's 2009 Annual Report)‏

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission16
“The year-end valuation of these contracts – embedded derivatives – resulted in an accounting loss of R9,5-billion. They are clearly not sustainable."

--Bobby Godsell, ex-Eskom

Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission17
“they are problematic not only in price, but also because they impose an accounting uncertainty on Eskom that makes proper strategic management of its resources very difficult.."

--Bobby Godsell, ex-Eskom

Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission18
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #20: Taxes from Eskom to be reinvested into Eskom's renewable build, energy efficiency and/or FBE.

Recommendation #21: That the level of debt be raised through Government loans.

Recommendation #22: NERSA to set Eskom's rate of return to 0%.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission19
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
  • Free Basic Electricity
  • Vital for poverty eradication
  • Earthlife is in the process of finalising research and will share with NERSA
  • Eskom's proposals are inadequate and shameful
earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission20
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #23: A minimum of 200kWh per month of FBE.

Recommendation #24: The best option is a national step-block tariff with a free allocation and without means testing and limited connections (i.e. 60amp instead of 20amp).

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission21
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission

Recommendation #25: No tariff increases should be granted without a meaningful FBE that will realistically protect the majority of the population from tariff increases.

Recommendation #26: Pre-paid metres must be optional and not forced on to poor households.

earthlife africa jhb mypd2 submission22
Earthlife Africa JHB MYPD2 Submission
  • Conclusion
  • NERSA cannot grant increase as too much is wrong with Eskom's submission
  • Tariff reform, RE CAPEX, and FBE are all required
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