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Juvenal A Hero to the Lower Class. By Shaia Palmer, Jack Kahrs , Billy Russell, and Nick Shooshan. Life. Born approximately 50 A.D in Aquinum . Lived under emperors such as Vespasian, Domitian, and possibly Hadrian. Lived in the city of Rome for most of his life.

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juvenal a hero to the lower class

Juvenal A Hero to the Lower Class

By Shaia Palmer, Jack Kahrs, Billy Russell, and Nick Shooshan

slide2
Life
  • Born approximately 50 A.D in Aquinum.
  • Lived under emperors such as Vespasian, Domitian, and possibly Hadrian.
  • Lived in the city of Rome for most of his life.
  • Died around 127 A.D under the reign of Hadrian, though not entirely sure.
style
Style
  • Inherited satire as a literary genre from predecessors like Lucilius and Horace but produced his own outstanding form.
  • His training in rhetoric led to exaggeration, biting epigrams, and quotable phrases, but he was very sincere in all that he wrote.
  • Possibly a student of Quintilian.
  • Mainly wrote in Dactylic Hexameter.
juvenal panem et circenses satire 10 latin
Juvenal- Panem et Circenses (Satire 10) - Latin

Latin

...sedquid

turbaRemi? Sequitur fortunam, ut simper. Et odit

damnatos. Idem populus, siNortiaTusco

favisset, sioppressaforetsecurasenectus

principis, hacipsaSejanumdicerethora

Augustum. Jam pridem, ex quo suffragianulli

vendimus, effuditcuras; nam qui dabatolim

imperium, fasces, legions, omni, nuncse

continetatqueduastantum res anxiusoptat,

panem et circenses.

juvenal panem et circenses satire 10 english
Juvenal- Panem et Circenses (Satire 10) - English

English

  • …But what about the crowd of Remus? It follows fortune as always, and hates the conquered. The same people, if the goddess of fortune, Nortia, had favored Sejanus, if the unaware old age of the leader Tiberius was put down, then the people might say in this hour that Sejanus is emperor. Now for a long time, and from whom we sell votes to no one, the people have abandoned care. For the people who once gave leadership, bundles, legions, everything, now hold themselves together anxiously for two things: bread and entertainment. 
juvenal mens sana in corpere sano satire 10 latin
Juvenal- menssana in corperesano (Satire 10) - Latin

Latin

Nil ergo optabunthomines? Si consiliumvis,

permittesipsisexpenderenuminibusquid

conveniatnobisrebusque sit utile nostris;

nampro iucundisaptissimaquaequedabuntdi.

Cariorestillis homo quam sibi. Nosanimorum

impulsu et caecavanaquecupidineducti

coniugiumpetimuspartumqueuxoris, at illis

notum qui pueriqualisquefutura sit uxor.

Uttamenexposcasaliquidvoveasquesacellis

exta et candidulidivinatomaculaporci,

orandumestut sit menssana in corperesano.

juvenal mens sana in corpere sano satire 10 english
Juvenal- menssana in corperesano (Satire 10) - English

English

Therefore, will men wish for nothing? If you want advice, you will allow the spirits themselves to consider what is appropriate to us, and may be useful to us; For the gods will give before delightful things whatever is the most suitable. Man is dearer to them than to man himself. We, led by impulse of our spirits, and by blind and empty desire, seek marriage and offspring of a wife. But known to them (the gods) which boys and what kind may be a future wife. Nevertheless, so that you might pray for something so that you might pledge in the chapels the internal organs and divine sausages of the pretty white pig, it must be prayed that a sound mind may be in a sound body. 

modern english poem panem et circenses
Modern English Poem: Panem et Circenses

What about the people of Rome?

They enjoy their fortune and being left alone.

As Tiberius ages and will soon approach death,

Sejanus, favored by Nortia, will be the only heir left.

Would embrace him as emperor,

Lacking the ability to control their future.

The people anxiously wanting to avoid containment,

Now rely on unity through bread and entertainment.

modern english poem mens sana in corpere sano
Modern English Poem: menssana in corperesano

What will men desire

To have before their funeral pyre?

They wish to have kids and a wife,

And to lead the perfect married life.

Except what man does not know

Is that the gods do not this to be so.

They care for man more than man himself

And would rather him wish for perfect health.