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QCTO Sub-Framework. MDJ NDUKULA QCTO. Purpose.

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qcto sub framework

QCTO Sub-Framework

MDJ NDUKULA

QCTO

QCTO

purpose
Purpose

The purpose of an occupational qualification is to qualify a learner to practice an occupation, reflected on the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO) or an occupational specialisation related to an occupation that is reflected on the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO).

(Expert Practitioners design occupational qualifications)

QCTO

occupational qualification
Occupational Qualification

SDA: ‘Occupational Qualification’

means a qualification associated with

a trade, occupation or profession

resulting from work-based learning and

consisting of knowledgeunit standards, practical

unit standards and work experienceunit standards’

(NQF Act – ‘part qualification’ =

assessed unit of learning that is registered as

part of a qualification’)

QCTO

the ofo common language
THE OFO = Common language
  • The OFO is similar to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), developed by the International Labour Organisation (ILO).
  • The classification system groups occupations into a hierarchy where each level carries an additional digit to signal the classification level, i.e. Major (1 digit), Sub-Major (2 digits), Minor (3 digits), Unit (4 digits) and Occupations (6 digits).
  • In the main, occupational qualifications are defined at the occupation level of the hierarchy i.e. at 6 digit level.

QCTO

the ofo
THE OFO
  • The eight major groupings in the OFO are:

1 Managers

2 Professionals

3 Technicians and Trade Workers

4 Community and Personal Service Workers

5 Clerical and Administrative Workers

6 Sales Workers

7 Machinery Operators and Drivers

8 Labourers and Elementary Workers

QCTO

job vs occupation
Job vs. Occupation

Both ISCO and the OFO distinguish between them:

  • a “job” is a particular set of tasks and duties uniquely performed by an individual for a single employer (including self-employment), normally for profit or pay
  • an “occupation” is a cluster or group of similar jobs whose main tasks and duties are characterised by a high degree of similarity of purpose and performance across a variety of relevant working sites. They are grouped together for the purposes of classification.

QCTO

slide7

OFO and NQF

(NB All 10 levels)

QCTO

progression
Progression
  • The OFO creates the ‘common language’ but inhibits progression as each major group stands alone.
  • So the National Occupational Pathway Framework (NOPF) was created to correct this problem
  • The NOPF clusters occupations and groups of related OFO occupations (Unit Groups) across different levels of the NQF and across different Major groups to inform learners of potential progression pathways and to assist occupational qualification developers to lay the foundation for vertical progression when developing individual qualifications.

QCTO

slide9
NOPF
  • The NOPFcontains 9 high level occupational clusters, each with a constituent set ofoccupational fields, which in turn consist of families of occupations.
  • So Clusters, Fields and Families
  • The pathways link occupations (at various levels of complexity) that share related knowledge bases and which are commonly grouped together for career guidance purposes (because they are associated with similar working environments and relate to different learner aptitudes and interests).

QCTO

nopf clusters cf cesm or saqa learning fields
NOPF clusters (cf CESM or SAQA learning fields)

The nine occupational clusters are

  • Business Administration, Information Services, Human Resources and Teaching Related Occupations
  • Finance, Insurance, Sales, Marketing, Retail and Logistics Related Occupations

3 Accommodation, Food Preparation and Cleaning Services Related Occupations

4 Farming, Forestry, Nature Conservation, Environment and Related Science Occupations

5 Medical, Social & Welfare, Sports and Personal Care Related Occupations

6 Security and Law Related Occupations

7 Visual Arts, Design, Installation, Maintenance, Extraction and Construction Related Occupations

8 Production Related Occupations

9 Transportation, Materials Moving and Mobile Plant Operating Related Occupations.

QCTO

occupational qualification types
Occupational Qualification Types
  • Two types of qualification:
    • National Occupational Qualification (120+ credits); and
    • National Occupational Award (25 – 119 credits)
    • Occupational qualification types occur at all 10 NQF levels
  • NOTE difference with CHE/Umalusi where each qualification type has a unique title (e.g. degree, diploma etc).
  • NOTE too that the credit total includes credits for workplace experience, a compulsory component of all occupational qualifications.

QCTO

occupational qualification title
Occupational Qualification Title

Names of occupational qualifications are structured as follows:

  • First the type, i.e. National Occupational Qualification or National Occupational Award,
  • Second the exact occupational title, as per the OFO, as the designator,
  • Third the occupational specialisation area (if applicable), as the qualifier and
  • Fourth the NQF level on which the occupational qualification is registered.

For example “National Occupational Qualification: Chemistry Technician (Chemistry Laboratory Analyst) Level 5.

QCTO

components of occupational qualifications
COMPONENTS OF OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
  • The Occupational Qualifications Document
  • The Occupational Curriculum Document
  • Occupational Assessment Specifications Document

QCTO

components of occupational qualifications1
COMPONENTS OF OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS

The Occupational Qualifications Document

  • As defined in the SDA an occupational qualification consists of “...knowledge, practical and work experience (Although NQF Act replaces with ‘part qualifications’)
  • A minimum of 20% of an occupational qualification’s total credits must be assigned to each of the three components. The balance of the credits (40%) can be allocated in a proportion appropriate to the needs of the particular occupation or occupational specialisation.

QCTO

occupation qualification curriculum

Knowledge / theory

Practical

Work experience

External, summative assessment

Occupational Qualification

Occupation qualification & curriculum

Occupational Purpose

QCTO

components of occupational qualifications2
COMPONENTS OF OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
  • The Occupational Curriculum Document
  • To enhance the quality and consistency of learning and the internal assessment of each of the components of learning.
  • Is based on an occupational profile derived from the occupational purpose and the associated occupational tasks or outcomes.
  • Occupational curricula provide an outline of the following:
    • learning components - knowledge subject specifications, practical skills module specifications and work experience module specifications.
    • internal assessment guidelines for the knowledge and practical skills components and requirements for the assessment of the work experience
    • exemptions from or entry requirements to each component
    • skills development provider accreditation requirements for the knowledge and practical skills components and workplace approval requirements for the work experience component.

QCTO

slide18
FLC
  • Foundational Learning Competence is a pre-requisite for the awarding of National Occupational Qualifications registered at NQF levels 3 – 4.
  • Foundational learning is optional for National Occupational Qualifications registered at NQF level 1 and 2.
  • Consists of language and mathematics required for occupational learning

(To be registered as a part qualification, and to be translated into at least three languages)

QCTO

components of occupational qualifications3
COMPONENTS OF OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS

Occupational Assessment Specifications Document

  • All occupational qualifications are assessed externally through an appropriate nationally standardised integrated summative assessment.
  • Each occupational qualification has an associated qualification assessment specifications document.

Certification

  • The QCTO issues certificates for all external summative assessments of occupational qualifications.

QCTO

qualification assessment specifications
Qualification assessment specifications
  • external assessment strategy (method to be used)
  • key occupational outcomes to be assessed (linked to occupational tasks and the specified critical external assessment focus areas)
  • points at which assessment take place (e.g phase tests or points in production cycle)
  • critical elements of the internal assessments to be moderated (if any)
  • eligibility requirements for learners to access the external assessment (also list of equivalent achievements as affording exemption)
  • criteria for registration of assessors

QCTO

part qualifications
PART QUALIFICATIONS
  • There are three learning components:
    • the knowledge subject specifications,
    • practical skills module specifications and
    • work experience module specifications.
  • It is possible for one, two or three of these curriculum components to be separately, nationally assessed and certificated, in which case they will be registered on the NQF as part-qualifications alongside the full qualification of which they are a part.

QCTO

foundation for progression
Foundation for progression
  • The NATED 190/191 programmes – commonly referred to as the N courses from N1 to N6 – are a special case in point. These commonly constitute the knowledge component of occupational qualifications – including all the trades. They will therefore need to be registered as part qualifications on the OQF alongside the occupational qualifications in which they are embedded
  • The QCTO’s Curriculum and Assessment document makes the ‘knowledge component’ central for progression:

QCTO

relationship between the three quality councils
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE THREE QUALITY COUNCILS
  • a stand-alone occupational qualification
  • learners exempt from the knowledge and/or practical components of the occupational qualification if they have attained an education qualification.
  • educational qualifications a pre-requisite for studying for occupational qualification.

Occupational Qualification

K

P

WE

K

P

WE

GFETQF / HEQF

Occupational Qualification

QCTO

type 3 common for professional bodies
Type 3: Common for Professional bodies
  • Occupational Qualification’ means a qualification associated with a trade, occupation or profession (SDA definition)
  • Profession normally has three ‘stages’:
    • ‘Academic’ qualification’
    • Prescribed practice
    • Designation = right to practice (can enter, code of ethics, CPD, professional body member)
  • OQ = ‘prescribed practice’ qualified (optional) (= national curriculum for non-statutory bodies)

QCTO

proposed clause for professional bodies
Proposed clause for Professional Bodies
  • Agreed by professional body Reference Group – clause 21:

“Where a professional body that is recognised, or is in the process of seeking recognition, wishes to give formal recognition to an occupational qualification as a precondition for the issuing of its designation, it must enter a formal agreement with the QCTO to attain the authority to develop and/or quality assure such occupational qualification.”

QCTO

slide28

Thank you

2012 October 29-31

QCTO

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