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Chapter 8: The Rise of Ancient Rome Chapter 8.1: The Roman Republic. Learn about the geography and early settlement of ancient Rome. Understand how Romans formed a republic. Identify the reasons that the Roman Republic went into decline. Objectives. Rome’s Geographic and Early Settlement.

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Chapter 8: The Rise of Ancient Rome Chapter 8.1: The Roman Republic


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objectives

Learn about the geography and early settlement of ancient Rome.Understand how Romans formed a republic.Identify the reasons that the Roman Republic went into decline.

Objectives

rome s geographic and early settlement

Rome’s Geographic and Early Settlement

Tiber River flowed through Rome before emptying into the Tyrrhenian Sea.

rome s geographic and early settlement4

Rome’s Geographic and Early Settlement

Tiber River flowed through Rome before emptying into the Tyrrhenian Sea.Rome was at the center of a long, narrow peninsula we now call Italy.

rome s geographic and early settlement5

Tiber River flowed through Rome before emptying into the Tyrrhenian Sea.Rome was at the center of a long, narrow peninsula we now call Italy.Italy juts out into the Mediterranean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea was at the center of the known Western world.

Rome’s Geographic and Early Settlement

rome s geographic and early settlement6

Rome’s Geographic and Early Settlement

The Dolomite Mountains are part of the Italian Alps. This mountain range stood as a great divide between Italy and the rest of Europe.

the etruscans

The Etruscans

The Etruscans ruled as kings of Rome

the etruscans8

The Etruscans

The Etruscans ruled as kings of RomeRomans defeated the Etruscans, the victors adopted Etruscans ideas.

romans form a republic

Romans Form a Republic

Romans vowed never again to put somuch trust in kings.

romans form a republic10

Romans Form a Republic

Republic - A type of government in which citizens select their leader.

the roman senate14

The Roman Senate

Plebeians– Ordinary citizens.

the roman consuls

The Roman Consuls

Consul - An elected official who led the Roman Republic.

the roman consuls17

The consuls, like our U.S. president were the chief executives of the government. Responsible for enforcing the Republic’s laws and policies.

The Roman Consuls

the roman consuls19

The Roman Consuls

Consuls ruled for only one year.Power was divided equally between the consuls. Both had to agree before the government could take any action.

the roman consuls20

The Roman Consuls

Veto – The power of one branch of government to reject bills or proposals passed by another branch of government.

other important officials

Other Important Officials

Dictator – A person in the ancient Roman Republic appointed to rule for six months in times of emergency, with all the powers of a king.

other important officials22

Other Important Officials

Praetors were junior consuls. They served as judges in civil-law trails that settled disputes about money, business matters, contracts, and so on. They also helped to develop some of the first rules for Roman courts of law.

patricians vs plebeians

Patricians vs. Plebeians

Law of the Twelve TablesA code of laws that applied to all citizens and were hung in marketplaces so that everyone could know what the laws were.

master of the mediterranean

Master of the Mediterranean

Rome invaded territories controlled by Carthage, a North African city.

the rise of julius caesar

The Rise of Julius Caesar

Caesar was a very smart leader, who was eager for power.

the rise of julius caesar26

Caesar was a very smart leader, who was eager for power.Caesar became dictator of the Roman world, but under Roman law a dictator could rule for only six months. Caesar’s rule would last far longer than that. He took most of the power from the senate.

The Rise of Julius Caesar

the death of a dictator28

On March 15, 44 BC, Caesar had plans to attend a meeting of the senate. His wife sensed danger and urged him not to attend, but he insisted on going. A group of senators gathered around Caesar, suddenly they pulled out knives and stabbed him. He fell to the ground dead. Caesar had been a strong leader. But, many Romans felt that he had gone too far and to fast in gathering power.

The Death of a Dictator

from republic to empire

From Republic to Empire

The senate awarded Octavian the title of Augustus, which means “highly respected.”