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Aim: Were medieval towns superior to life on the manor?. Do Now : If your parents were willing to take care of you financially and let you live with them for the rest of your life, would you do it?. I Life in the Middle Ages Was Changing!.
Do Now: If your parents were willing to take care of you financially and let you live with them for the rest of your life, would you do it?
A) Between 1000 – 1300 CE, the population of Europe tripled. This was due to :
3. Europe experienced a warming period (950 – 1250) which helped the growth of crops.
B) Recall that trade increased in Western Europe as a result of the Crusades. This led to a revival of banking.
Medieval merchants (businessmen) began to:
1. Use banking houses
2. Pay with credit (delay of payments)
3. Form partnerships: merchants would pool funds to finance large-scale business ventures
*Many of these changes were borrowed from the Muslims!
B) Venice and Florence controlled most trade in southern Europe.
C) The Hanseatic League dominated trade in northern Europe.
1. Prevented robbers & pirates
2. Built light houses
3. Trained ship pilots
Stockholm, Norway, a former Hanseatic League city.
B) Medieval trade fairs were similar to outdoor flea markets. Merchants would sell a variety of goods, and there was live entertainment.
C) As manors became less prosperous, merchants were able to buy a town charter from the lord. A charter was a document that guaranteed freedom to the town that was on the lord’s land.
Workersof thesamecraftortradelivedonthesamestreet, whichwasoftennamedaftertheiroccupation.
Did You Know?
Surnames (last names) became common in the Middle Ages. They were usually based on your profession.
Look at the plan of thetown. Whatsort of occupationscouldyoufindthere?
C) Rather than attending school, you learned by doing.
APPRENTICE: At 7-8 years old you would leave your family to live with a master of the craft you want to learn.
JOURNEYMEN: Salaried workers. It was difficult to become a master; you had to be accepted by the majority of the guild masters.
MASTER: You could set up your own shop.
Friday 9 August 1314:
… a gutter running under… the houses was provided to receive the rainwater and other water draining from the houses, gutters and street, so that the flow might cleanse the privy [toilet] on the Hithe, Alice Wade has made a wooden pipe connecting the seat of the privy… with the gutter, which is frequently stopped up by the filth there from, and the neighbors under whose houses the gutter runs are greatly inconvenienced by the stench.
Judgment that she remove the pipe within 40 days.