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Poetry Showcase. Everything you need to know about poetry as a freshman. VOCABLULARY. POETRY TERMS YOU WILL LEARN Literal Language Simile Metaphor Personification Author’s Purpose Diction Denotation Connotation Imagery Symbolism Poetry Rhyme Internal Rhyme. Dissonance

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poetry showcase

Poetry Showcase

Everything you need to know about poetry as a freshman

vocablulary
VOCABLULARY

POETRY TERMS YOU WILL LEARN

Literal Language

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

Author’s Purpose

Diction

Denotation

Connotation

Imagery

Symbolism

Poetry

Rhyme

Internal Rhyme

Dissonance

Consonance

Tone

Couplet

Irony

Onomatopoeia

Alliteration

Free Verse

Haiku

Stanza

Sonnet

Lyric

Lyric Poetry

Ballad

Meter

Iambic Pentameter

Limerick

introduction to poetry
Introduction to POETRY

Do you like poetry?

Before you answer, think of the words of your favorite song, the words you

remember from books you have read and enjoyed, a famous quote from a famous

person you admire, the smell of a special meal, or a special place you like to visit.

Are these things poetry? Yes!! They can be.

The first thing to remember about poetry is that it is all around you. Your favorite

musical celebrities probably consider themselves poets! Poetry helps us express

our thoughts, feelings, and ideas as we relate to the world around us. As we read

the poetry of others, we understand who they are, what they think, and what we

might have in common. Poetry is the "Great Communicator!" It can "talk to our heads and our hearts".

Source: http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/lyrical.htm

figurative language

When words are used to make comparisons but not meant to be

believed literally or as an actual description of an event

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
example of figurative language
Example of Figurative LANGUAGE

QUESTION:

What does this poem really mean?

Is Hughes speaking figuratively or literally?

From Mother to Son by Langston Hughes

Well, son, I'll tell you:

Life for me ain't been no crystal stair.

It's had tacks in it,

And splinters,

And boards torn up,

And places with no carpet on the floor --

Bare.

But all the time

I'se been a-climbin' on,

And reachin' landin's,

And turnin' corners,

And sometimes goin' in the dark

Where there ain't been no light.

So boy, don't you turn back.

Don't you set down on the steps

'Cause you finds it's kinder hard.

Don't you fall now --

For I'se still goin', honey,

I'se still climbin',

And life for me ain't been no crystal stair.

slide6

When the mother told her son “life for me ain’t been no crystal stair…” she is speaking figuratively. She meant life has not been a glamorous easy journey to success. She has had a hard life.”

Answer

literal language
Literal Language

words that can be taken literally to mean what they are actually stating; the opposite of figurative language

simile
Simile

making comparisons using the words “like” or “as”. Remember to compare is to say two or more things are (similar) almost the same

Ex. 1. “Michael Johnson is as fast as a cheetah.”

Ex. 2 “Michael runs like a fox.”

metaphor
Metaphor

Making comparisons without using the words “like” or “as”.

Ex. 1 “Life….Its had cracks in it and boards torn up and floors with no carpet. Bare…”

Ex. 2 “Michael Johnson is a cheetah. Michael is a fox.”

personification
Personification

When an object or animal is given human like characteristics

Ex. 1

Nature and I are so close, as I pass by the trees wave “Hello”.

Ex. 2

The birds wrote me a sweet melody and sung to me as I awoke.

author s purpose
Author’s Purpose

The reason the writer wrote what he or she wrote; to inform, TO entertain, to persuade

Newsweek article-to inform

BET film script-to entertain

Advertisement-to persuade

diction
Diction

an author’s choice of words

Formal

Informal

Colloquial-is informal language that is not rude, but would not be used in formal situations. It is less unacceptable than Slang & Swear Words.

SLANG

DICTION WEBSITE

denotation
Denotation

the dictionary definition of a wordExAMPLE:

light- Of little weight; easy to lift or the natural agent that stimulates sight and makes things visible; electromagnetic radiation

connotation
Connotation

the implied meaning and feeling it conveys

ExAMPLE:

“do not go gentle into that good night. Rage, rage against the dying of the light”.

The implied meaning of “light” in this line of poetry is “life”.

imagery
Imagery

words that help you visualize a scene, paints a picture in your mind

ExAMPLE:

“What happens to a dream deferred…does it crust over like a sugary sweet…or sag like a

heavy load…or does it explode?”

symbolism
Symbolism

the use of objects or words to represent something figuratively

ExAMPLE:

“do not go gentle into that good night…rage rage against the dying of the light.”

The wordS “the dying of light” symbolizes someone losing their life.

poetry
Poetry

•a type of literature in which words are carefully chosen and arranged to create certain effects.

•Poets write poetry.

•Poets use a variety of sound devices, imagery, and figurative language to express emotions and ideas.

rhyme scheme
Rhyme Scheme

the poem’s pattern

Ex. ABABCDC

rhyme scheme1
Rhyme Scheme

Ex.1

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? (A)

Thou art more lovely and more temperate. (B)

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, (A)

And summer's lease hath all too short a date. (B)

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, (C)

And often is his gold complexion dimmed; (D)

And every fair from fair sometime declines, (C)

Ex.2

RHYME SCHEME LESSON

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=cqillvmB0us

rhyme
Rhyme

to have the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words most often at the ends of lines

EX. “Little bo peep has lost her sheep”

Internal Rhyme

to have similar sounding words in the same line

Ex.

I said “maybe” although its daily

I am yet still resolved with leaving things unsolved

assonance
Assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds in words that do not end with the same consonant

Example:

He battled with the Dumbledors,

the Hummerhorns, and Honeybees,

and won the Golden Honeycomb,

and running home on sunny seas

dissonance
Dissonance

repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words.

Example:

“The woods are lovely, dark, and deep

But I have promises to keep

And miles to go before I sleep

And miles to go before I sleep”

slide23
Tone

A poem's tone is the attitude that its style implies.

EXAMPLE:

U. A. Fanthorpe'sThe Master of the Cast Shadow begins in a tone of admiration for the painter's skill, but moves into a tone of unease toward the way that skill hides the history behind the images.

THE MASTER OF THE CAST SHADOW

couplet
Couplet

A couple of lines that rhyme

ExAMPLE:

“True wit is nature to advantage distressed

What oft was thought but ne'er so well expressed."

irony
Irony

Irony illustrates a situation, or a use of language, involving some kind of discrepancy. The result of an action or situation is the reverse of what is expected.

A famous example of irony is

”Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink” in the Ancient Mariner.

THE ANCIENT MARINER

onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia

words that demonstrate a sound.

ExAMPLE:

Boom! Pow! Zoom! Pop!

alliteration
Alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words ; having the same sound or letter at the beginning of words

EXAMPLE:

“Peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers”

free verse
FREE VERSE

Free Verse is a form of Poetry composed of unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern.

ExAMPLE:

I celebrate myself, and sing myself,

And what I assume you shall assume,

For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.

I loaf and invite my soul,

I lean and loaf at my ease observing a spear of summer grass

haiku
HAIKU

Haiku is a poetic form and a type of poetry from the Japanese culture. Haiku combines form, content, and language in a meaningful, yet compact form. Haiku poets, which you will soon be, write about everyday things. Many themes include nature, feelings, or experiences. Usually they use simple words and grammar. The most common form for Haiku is three short lines.

Basho Matsuo(1644-1694) is known as the first great poet of Haiku.

haiku examples
HAIKU examples

2.

From all directions

Winds bring petals of cherry

Into the grebe lake.

1.

Curving up, then down.

Meeting blue sky and green earth

Melding sun and rain

stanza
STANZA

One of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines.

How many stanzas does the following poem have?

ANGEL FROM ABOVE by Robert Small

Gazing into her eyes when we first met

I knew then she was heaven sent.

All I ever dreamed of, an angel from above.

She had no idea from the start

true love, I'd found in my heart.

One of a kind, Love that LASTS a lifetime

All I ever dreamed of, an angel from above.

Still, her smile, my breath it takes away

wanting, needing, to hold her, so much to say.

All my prayers answered when into my life she came

to me, she is everything.

All I ever dreamed of, an angel from above.

sonnet
SONNET

a fixed verse form of Italian origin consisting of 14 lines that are typically 5-foot iambics rhyming according to a prescribed scheme; also : a poem in this pattern

Example:

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate.

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date.

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed;

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,

When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st.

So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

lyric
LYRIC

Lyric Poetry consists of a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet

ballad
BALLAD

a simple narrative poem of folk origin, composed in short stanzas and adapted for singing

meter
METER

the measure of feet in poetry. A foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable called an iamb

Example:

There WAS..|..aTIME..|..when MEAD..|..ow, GROVE,..|..and STREAM, Iambic Pentameter

The EARTH,..|..and EV..|..ry COM..|..mon SIGHT, Iambic Tetrameter

ME..|..did SEEM Iambic Dimeter

Turn WHERE..|..so E'ER..|..I MAY Iambic Trimeter

limerick
LIMERICK

a type of humorous poem with five lines, the third and fourth lines being shorter than the others

Example:

There was an Old Man of Nantucket

Who kept all his cash in a bucket.

His daughter, called Nan,

Ran away with a man,

And as for the bucket, Nantucket.

poetry showcase1
Poetry Showcase

So now… are you ready to become a poet?