The Golden Age of Greece 800 BCE – 300 BCE. Classical Period is rooted in Homer’s writings. The Acropolis “Upper City”.
Classical Period is rooted in Homer’s writings
Temple of zeus 456 bce. Destroyed by earthquake several centuries later
It was during this time that democracy was born in Athens, that the Greek theatre produced some of its greatest playwrights, and that philosophers such as Socrates and Plato challenged man's thought processes. During this era, Greece also produced architectural phenomena such as the Parthenon and art and sculpture that has been admired over the centuries. The polytheistic society of the day also made advances in poetry, science and medicine, and recorded history.
Theatre of EpidaurusConstructed in the 4th century BCE. It is made of limestone and seats 15, 000 people. It’s design allows for laser-sharp amplification even without modern technology and sound.
aphrodite with son, eros, being seduced by pan
Perseus holding the head of medusa
Very primitive war helmet from early Bronze Age made of boar’s tusk. Accompanying shields were usually made of leather hide.
Between the early 7th century and the mid-4th century B.C the Ancient Greeks adopted a form of warfare which set them apart from other contemporary civilizations in the Eastern Mediterranean. This involved the use of heavily-armed infantrymen call hoplites. They were supported by more lightly armed slingers and archers. They were distinguished by their round of wood and leather faced with bronze, their long thrusting-spear, and their protective armor of bronze: usually a helmet, a corselet and greaves.
The spear was indeed the principal offensive weapon of the hoplite. It was eight feet long and capped with an iron spearhead on one end, and a bronze butt-spike on the other. The butt-spike was useful as a secondary weapon for dispatching trampled-upon foes, or as a primary weapon after the spear shattered, as it usually did, upon impact. The hoplite's short sword was typically considered to be a sort of weapon of last resort.
Died around 460-450 BCE. He was a mature man with considerable degeneration of the spine. His vertebrae and ribs were fused together and looked like molten wax. He had lost several teeth and had an abscess on his upper left jaw.
Died around 440-430 BCE. He was a young, adult male who had osteoarthritis in arms and neck probably as a result of labor and/or battle. He suffered from malnutrition during his childhood and had bad teeth.