SIERRA LEONE. Saraith Cortés Vázquez Estudios de África Julio 2014. I. History. Independence: 27 April 1961 (from the UK) After more than 150 years of British colonial rule After World War II the British government gave in to nationalist demands in Sierra Leone
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Saraith Cortés Vázquez
Estudios de África
After more than 150 years of British colonial rule
After World War II the British government gave in to nationalist demands in Sierra Leone
The first years of independence were prosperous.
1960 Independence conference: United Kingdom agreed to grant Sierra Leone Independence on 27 April 1961
Sir Milton Margai led Sierra Leone to independence from Great Britain and became the country's first Prime Minister.
Milton Margaideath: Albert Margai
1961 - Sierra Leone becomes independent.
1967 - Military coup
1978 - New constitution proclaims Sierra Leone a one-party state (APC)
1985 - Joseph Momoh becomes president.
1991 - Start of civil war by FodaySankoh and his Revolutionary United Front (RUF). New constitution providing for a multiparty system adopted.
1996 - Ahmad Kabbah elected president, signs peace accord with Sankoh's rebels
1997 - Peace deal unravels. President Kabbah deposed by army. Commonwealth suspends Sierra Leone. The UN Security Council imposes sanctions on Sierra Leone
1998 - Nigerian-led West African intervention force Ecomog and drives rebels out. Kabbah returns to Freetown
1999 - A ceasefire is greeted. Peace agreement with rebels. UN troops arrive to police the peace agreement
2002 - War declared over.
2003 - Rebel leader FodaySankoh dies of natural causes while awaiting trial for war crimes.
2004 - War crimes trials begin.
2005 - Last UN peacekeeping troops leave Sierra Leone after five years
2007 - Presidential and parliamentary polls. Ernest Koroma wins
2010 - UN Security Council lifts last remaining sanctions
2012 - Energy companies report discovery of oil off the coasts
2012 - First elections for since the end of the civil war held without UN oversight. President Koroma wins
2013– Sierra Leone suffers problems of ebola, diseases
Illegal sale of blood diamonds has produced billions of dollars to fund civil wars and other conflicts in various African nations
West Africa, limits Atlantic Ocean, Guinea and Liberia
Majorlanguages: English (official), ethniclanguages, Krio (spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves)
Agriculture employs more than
75 percent of labor force
Products: rice, coffee, cocoa, palmoil, fish