Hybrid I/O – Pulses. Digital or Analog?. +5 V. 0 V. It depends on how data is encoded . Analog Signals that Look Awfully Digital…. Pulse Generation Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Pulse-Width Measurement (PWM) Event counting Period Measurement Input capture Output compare
It depends on how data is encoded.
For a microcontroller – all involve creative use of clocks and counters
Direction of Field: North South
Electric Currents & Magnetism Force
(V = IR)
Therefore: The speed of the motor is directly proportional to the Voltage
How do I output a voltage?!?
Effective Voltage = Duty Cycle x Supply Voltage