Country Report: Thailand. Income Generation and Poverty Reduction for Development Mekong Institute Khon Kaen, Thailand. Format. General information of Thailand in brief
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Income Generation and Poverty Reduction for Development
Khon Kaen, Thailand
II. Government and Non-government organizations’ interventions related to income generation and poverty reduction for development
On 4 December 1997, King Bhumibol Adulyadej made his usual birthday address to a nationwide television audience. The contents were anything but usual.
Recently, so many projects have been implemented, so many factories have been built, that it was thought Thailand would become a little tiger, and then a big tiger. People were crazy about becoming a tiger…
Being a tiger is not important. The important thing for us is to have a sufficient economy. A sufficient economy means to have enough to support ourselves…
It doesn’t have to be complete, not even half, perhaps just a quarter, then we can survive…
Those who like modern economics may not appreciate this. But we have to take a careful step backwards.
III. Best practices concerning income generation and poverty reduction implementations
Sufficiency in agriculture:
In 1987, a small group of community leaders and local scholars met together in Ban Bua, a village in the hilly region of the far northeast of Thailand, to discuss a major problem: the more they invested in cash- cropping, the deeper they slipped into debt.
Within a few years, the villagers cultivated or collected a wide variety of food produce. They had enough for home consumption, for exchanging among themselves, and for selling to neighboring communities, generally at prices below the market rate.
As the success of the pioneers became better known, the In-Pang network began to expand. Often other villagers came to visit the pioneer areas in order to learn the new techniques. Later the network leaders began to visit neighboring areas to explain what they were doing and invite other communities to join. As the network became larger, it served as a market for a growing range of products made by community enterprises.
As the network expanded, inter-village organization was needed to help structure production along the pattern of value chains. In the production of makmao wine, a few farmer groups prepared young plants in their nurseries, and sold them on to grower groups who raised them in community forests. They then sold the fruit onward to workshops making juice and wine. These in turn supplied the end product to groups with marketing skill who supplied community shops and other outlets. Pork processing, rice milling, organic fertilizer production, silk weaving and dress making all followed a similar pattern.
IV. Problems, opportunities and challenges in those interventions in Thailand
Knowledge & Management
PPP? Empowerment? Risk management?