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República Dominicana 1930 - 1961 PowerPoint Presentation
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República Dominicana 1930 - 1961

República Dominicana 1930 - 1961

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República Dominicana 1930 - 1961

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  1. República Dominicana 1930 - 1961 The Era of Trujillo

  2. La República Dominicana before Trujillo • (1492) Colony of Spain • (1795) Colony of France • (1801) Haitian Control • (1809) First Republic • (1814) Colony of Spain • (1821) Rebellion • (1822) Haitian Control • (1844) Rebellion & Independence • (1861) Spanish Province • (1870) Treaty with USA • (1916) Dictatorship Ulises Heureaux • (1924) Dictatorship Horacio Vásquez

  3. Rafael Leonidas Trujillo:His Youth • Born in 1891 in San Cristobal, Dominican Republic • Humble parents • Elementary School • At 16, worked as telegraphist • At the end 1916, employed in a sugar refinery • In 1918, Joins the National Guard • Raises ranks very quickly, until…

  4. Trujillo Takes Military Control • In 1928, Trujillo becomes the head of “La Policía Nacional” • Along with Rafael Estrella Ureña, leads the revolution of Santiago against Horacio Vásquez • Later, with the help from the US, he takes control and becomes”Presidente de la República”

  5. The Regime of Rafael L. Trujillo • Takes control of the country (economy, politics, etc.) • Gets rid of his enemies by sending them to prison & torturing them. • Examples of tortures - electric shocks, water drips, etc...

  6. Las Hermanas Mirabal • “En el tiempo de las mariposas” • Trujillo falls in love with Minerva, imprisons her husband Manolo Tavarez • She becomes involved in the revolutionary movement , 14 de junio • Murdered at the end of 1960

  7. La revolución • The revolution began with the slow fall of the dictatorship • The US government contacted a group of rebels to help assassinate Trujillo • The assassination occurred on May 30, 1961

  8. The Legacy of Rafael L. Trujillo • Although it was a violent regime, Trujillo’s Era was a moment of incredible prosperity for the Dominican economy. • After his assassination, Democracy was reached. • Joaquín Balaguer