Ch 2 early china nubia meroe and the first civilizations in the americas
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Ch 2 Early China, Nubia , Meroe, and The First Civilizations in the Americas. By Koa Knitter & Seamus Hurley . Geography. Early Resources . metals. timber. stone. North China. Millet. Loess soil. -Dry and cool -Yellow River Valley. South China. Rice. Plentiful Rainfall. -Warm

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Ch 2 early china nubia meroe and the first civilizations in the americas

Ch 2 Early China, Nubia, Meroe, and The First Civilizations in the Americas

By Koa Knitter

& Seamus Hurley

Early resources
Early Resources




North china
North China


Loess soil

-Dry and cool

-Yellow River Valley

South china
South China


Plentiful Rainfall


-Yangzi River Valley

Early societies
Early Societies

-Land of Neolithic communities

-Pigs, Chicken, Millet domesticated

-Silk textiles

-Bronze Metallurgy

Oracle bones and shang religion and writing
Oracle Bones and Shang Religion and Writing

Kings Religion- Worship of male ancestors, Kings were intermediaries between the gods and human world.

Developed during Shang Period

Today’s Writing Directly related

Shang technology
Shang Technology

  • Bronze weapons, ceremonial vessels

  • Horse drawn chariot

Zhou period 1027 221 b c e
Zhou Period 1027-221 B.C.E.

  • Defeated Shang in the 11th century B.C.E

  • “Mandate of Heaven” Used by the Zhou to justify their actions in overthrowing the Shang

Zhou period
Zhou Period

  • Priestly Power of elite faded

  • Result in separation of religion and govt.

  • Zhou divided into two periods Western Zhou, and Eastern Zhou

Western zhou and eastern zhou 771 221 b c e
Western Zhou and Eastern Zhou 771- 221 B.C.E.

  • Like the Shang the Western Zhou had direct control over core territory and administered the peripheral areas indirectly

  • Eastern Zhou declined in central government as regional elites began to rule territories

  • Eastern Zhou subdivided into two periods

  • Spring and Autumn period 771-481 B.C.E/Warring states Period 480-221 B.C.E

Zhou technology
Zhou Technology

  • Construction of long walls for defense

  • Iron and steel metallurgy

  • Horse riding

Sleeve weight

Eastern zhou political philosophies
Eastern Zhou Political Philosophies

  • Legalism- Human nature is wicked and selfish. People must have strict laws and harsh punishments


  • Founded by Confucius

  • Assumes that human nature is essentially good.

  • Hierarchical view of universe, society, and family

  • Not influential with it’s founding, but became the dominant political philosophy in the future.


  • Founded by Laozi

  • Universe is constantly changing

  • No real moral standards

  • People should take life as it comes to them.

  • “Whatever attitude”

Eastern zhou society
Eastern Zhou Society

  • Development of the three generation family

  • Concept of Private Property

  • Privately owned land

  • Women were subordinate to hierarchy

  • Yin and Yang

  • Yin-male- Bright, Shining, Active

  • Yang-Female- moon, passive, shaded




Semiprecious Stones


Old kingdom nubia

5th millennium foragers moved to agriculture

Egypt sends donkey caravans to trade in 2300 B.C.E

OLD Kingdom Nubia

Middle kingdom nubia

Egypt has aggressive push into Nubia

Wanted to control trade and gold mines

MIDDLE Kingdom Nubia

The nubian kush

Kush is an area in Nubia

Started around 1750 B.C.E

People skilled in metalworking/pottery

The Nubian Kush

New kingdom nubia

Egypt crushes Nubian Kush

Egypt controls Nubia for 500 years

Egyptian culture mixes with Nubian

New Kingdom Nubia

Meroe 800 b c e 350 b c e

Napata was Egyptian capital

Meroe became new capital after fall of Egypt

Nubia’s cultural Renaissance

Meroe 800 B.C.E – 350 B.C.E

Fall of meroe

In 701 B.C.E offered to help Palestine against Assyrian Empire

Assyria invaded Egypt and pushed Nubia back

Overran by nomads in 4th century

Fall of Meroe

Celtic europe

Celtic Europe Empire

1000 B.C.E – 50 B.C.E

Geography Empire

Resources Empire

  • Timber

  • Metals

  • Rivers

Early celts
Early Celts Empire

  • Lived in Europe for thousands of years

  • Around 500 B.C.E. they began trading with Mediterranean

  • Lived in or near hill forts

Celtic people
Celtic People Empire

  • 3 classes

  • Men

  • Women

  • Ruled by kings

  • Druids

Celtic skills
Celtic Skills Empire

  • Metallurgy

  • Building ships

  • Agriculture

Fall of the celts
Fall of the Celts Empire

  • Roman conquest

  • Germanic invasions

  • Celts pushed to NW France, Scotland, Ireland, and Whales

Olmec and chavin

Olmec Empireand Chavin

1200 B.C.E – 250 B.C.E

Geography Empire

Mesoamerica olmec
Mesoamerica Olmec Empire

  • Mexico area

  • Flourished between 1200-400 B.C.E

  • Early people depended on plants and fishing

  • Resources

Olmec capitals
Olmec capitals Empire

  • 1st capital was San Lorenzo (1200-900)

  • 2nd capital La Venta (900-600)

  • 3rd capital Tres Zapotes (600-400)

  • Evolved independently

  • Each was destroyed

Olmec culture
Olmec culture Empire

  • Large platforms of packed earth

  • High quality crafts

  • Homes

  • Diet

Olmec politics
Olmec Politics Empire

  • They had kings

  • Associated with the gods

  • Built impressive structures

Olmec religion
Olmec Religion Empire

  • Polytheistic

  • Shamans

Chavin Empire

  • Peru area

  • Dominant between 900 – 250 B.C.E

  • Relied on the coast and Andes

  • Capital was Chavin de Huantar

Chavin culture
Chavin Culture Empire

  • Extreme architectural structures

  • Distributed food

  • Llamas

  • Intersection of trade routes

Chavin art
Chavin Art Empire

  • Used natural resources

  • Crowns, pottery, jewelry

  • Skilled artisans

Chavin religion
Chavin Religion Empire

  • Center of civilization

  • Influence depended on religion

  • Often seen in art

THE End Empire