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Comparision of Qualitative and Quantitative Approach to Research

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  1. Comparision of Qualitative and Quantitative Approach to Research

  2. Description • The goal is to understand the viewpoint of a research participant. • The researcher is going to impose his or her cultural, social, and personal identity on any interpretation of the research participants’ experience.

  3. Focus: Voice of the Marginalized • The focus of qualitative research is to give voice to people at the margins of a culture. • Qualitative researchers would content, that there are a lot of people who are not accurately represented by the typical case, average or trend. • The focus of qualitative research is to describe the meaning of participants ’ experiences even if the participant or experience is not typical in the majority experience.

  4. Methods: Inductive • An inductive approach is a process of reasoning that follows a path — observation precedes theory, hypothesis and interpretation. • Qualitative researchers let the data “ speak ” to them and try to avoid going into a study with a preconceived idea of what they will find.

  5. Criteria for Truth: Phenomenological Validity • The sign of a good qualitative research study is that the analysis provides a new and compelling interpretation of a text. • Students who have read this particular study report an “ Aha! ” phenomenon: “ That happened to me! ”“ That sounds just like my roommate! ”“ I know what he / she ’ s talking about! ” • “ Aha! ” criterion is phenomenological validity.

  6. How to Prepare Questions to Interview??? • Practical Suggestions

  7. suggested forms of gathering information • Literature Analysis • Youths’ Opinions About Risk Behaviour • Observations and Interviews with Professionals • Observations and Interviews with Youth Who Are Involved in Risk Behaviour

  8. Closed - vs. Open - Ended Questions

  9. Multiple - vs. Single - Issue Questions

  10. Avoid “Why?” Questions

  11. Ethical Issues in Research

  12. Threat: • charged with participation in the offense, immoral behaviour; • Prevention: • Analysis of the Penal Code, to avoid situations leading to the evaluation of behavior as criminal, immoral • Suggested methods: • consultations with lawyers

  13. Threat: • Perception of the researcher as a potential customer • Prevention: • researcher playing a social role(s) appropriate to the needs of research • Suggested methods: • researcher as therapist, teacher, friend, colleague, volunteer

  14. Threat • Recognize individuals and groups associated with RB and cooperate groups • Prevention • Nonviolence and mutual loyalty • Suggested methods • Recommendations from members of the groups, gangs, etc.

  15. Threat • Research conditions (difficult, risky and full of tantalizing suggestions) • Prevention • Consistent retention of rules and boundaries • Suggested methods • mode of expression by clothes, argot; consequence in role-taking

  16. Threat : • the acceptance of abnormality by researcher • Prevention: • search of competent judges evaluating the taken actions • Suggested methods • tools and categories of observation, analysis of the achieved results