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DGP Wednesday. Notes. Clauses. Each clause must have a subject and a verb. Independent clauses (ind cl): Every sentence must have at least one independent clause. The independent clause can usually stand alone.

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clauses
Clauses
  • Each clause must have a subject and a verb.
  • Independent clauses (ind cl):
    • Every sentence must have at least one independent clause.
    • The independent clause can usually stand alone.
    • An independent clause does not start with a relative pronoun, subordinating conjunction, or noun clause identifier.
clauses continued
Clauses continued…
  • Dependent clauses (dep cl): also called subordinate clause
    • The dependent clause can never stand alone.
    • A dependent clause starts with a relative pronoun, a subordinating conjunction or noun clause identifier.
      • Adverb (adv dep cl): usually starts with a subordinating conjunction – acts like an adverb – We will eat when the bell rings.
      • Adjective (adj dep cl): usually starts with a relative pronoun – acts like an adjective – She likes the guy who sits in front of her.
      • Noun (n dep cl): usually starts with a nci – acts like a noun – I hope that you understand the examples.
sentence type
Sentence type
  • Simple (s): one independent clause
  • Compound (cd): two or more independent clauses
  • Complex (cx): one independent clause plus one or more dependent clauses
  • Compound complex (cd-cx): two or more independent clauses plus one or more dependent clauses
sentence purpose
Sentence purpose
  • A declarative sentence makes a statement and ends in a period. (dec)
  • An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends in a question mark. (int)
  • An imperative sentence gives a command and ends in a period. (imp)
  • An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feelings and ends in an exclamation point. (exc)
  • A declarative, interrogative, or imperative sentence can be exclamatory if it expresses strong feelings and ends in an exclamation point.
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