DIRECTIONS 1. As you review the power point, take notes of underlined information. If you don’t understand something ask. 2. Notebook Questions: Write them in your notebook and answer. 3. Watch the Video. • Write down 5 new facts you learned. • When finished, briefly summarize the video.
Words to Know • Deforestation • Nationalism • Water Conservation • Kenya • Nigeria • South Africa • Sudan
History Country Name Use this graphic organizer for each country Government Economy
Review: UNITARYWays Government Distributes Power Regional Authority Regional Authority Central Authority Regional Authority Regional Authority
Review:CONFEDERATIONWays Government Distributes Power Regional Authority Regional Authority Central Authority Regional Authority Regional Authority
Review:FEDERATION/FEDERALWays Government Distributes Power Regional Authority Regional Authority Central Authority Regional Authority Regional Authority
Kenya History • British colonial control of Kenya dates from the Berlin Conference of 1885, when the European powers partitioned East Africa. • However, Kenya did not become an official colony of Great Britain until 1920. • Blacks were denied a role in politics until 1944, when a few were allowed to run and hold office.
Kenya History • 1950-Violent uprising began • Lasted 7 years • The Mau MauUprisingwas a military conflict in Kenya between 1952 and 1960. It involved a small group of Kenyans and the British colonialists. • The movement was violently suppressed and was not widely supported. • Some argue the conflict set the stage for Kenyan sovereignty in1963. Historians claim that the rebellion delayed Kenya's independence, since the British would only hand over control to the Kenyan’s once the country was stable. • In the end, 1000s of Africans were killed, compared to about 100 Europeans. • From this point forward, black participation increased until it became independent in 1963. • Kenya became independent on December 12, 1963 and became a republic.
Mau Mau Rebellion • Notebook Question: (Yes you must write the question) Use the information from the previous slide. • Who suffered the most in the Mau Mau Rebellion? • a. Africans • b. British • C. Americans • D. Portuguese • In your own words, briefly explain the rebellion.
Kenya • Until the unrest of 2007, Kenya had maintained remarkable stability despite changes in its political system and crises in neighboring countries. • In December 2002, Kenyans held democratic and open elections, most of which were judged free and fair by international observers. The 2002 elections marked an important turning point in Kenya's democratic evolution in that power was transferred peacefully from the Kenya African Union (KANU), which had ruled the country since independence to the National Rainbow Coalition (Narc), a coalition of political parties.
Kenya Current president Mwai Kibaki • Kenya was a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President was both the head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system until 2008 in which the position of Prime minister was introduced as the head of the cabinet. • Interactive Notebook Question: • What form of government is Kenya today?
Kenya Education • Education in Kenya has been based on an 8-4-4 system • 8 years of primary education, 4 years of secondary, 4 years of college or university. • Approximately 85% of children attend primary school, 24% attend secondary school, and 2% attend higher institutions.
Kenya Education • Various factors affect access to education in Kenya. • Mainly gender • Most girls are not formerly educated, therefore Kenya has a lower literacy rate. • Traditional views state that girls should get married rather than have an education. • However, in recent years, the education system is beginning to encourage more girls to get their education. The government is hoping to increase their literacy rate and standard of living. Gender Equality Video
Gender Differences in Education Year Number of girls Number of boys • 1990 264766 353695 • 1991 268730 345788 • 1992 275690 353372 • 1993 236146 295196 • 1994 273400 336439 • 1995 290581 341807 • 1996 305327 352926 • 1997 323625 363848 • 1998 327098 373440
Notebook Question In Kenya males average 10 years of schooling and females 9 years. The literacy rate for males is 90% and females 80%. In Sudan the literacy rate for males is 61% and for females 50%. What could you conclude about the opportunity for education in the Sudan compared to Kenya?
Kenya • Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 75% industry and services: 25% • GDP - per capita: $1,700 • Unemployment rate: 40% • Oil – consumption: 65,530 bbl/day • The economy is market-based, with some state-owned infrastructure enterprises
Former British Colony • Kenya Parliamentary Democracy Market/Mixed
Describe the ways governments distribute power • Unitary- a form of government in which power is held by one central authority. • Confederation-voluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation. • Federal-a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities. • Which one is Kenya today???? Write your answer in your Notes.
Citizen participation in government (Left Side) • Autocratic-government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government. • Oligarchic-Government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has very limited role. • Democratic-Government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly. • Which one is Kenya today???? • Write your answer in your Notes.
Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments (Left Side) • Parliamentary-system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. May have a Prime Minister elected by the legislature. • Presidential-a system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature. • Which one does Kenya have today???? • Write your answer in your Notes.
Bibliography • United States Department of State http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5479.htm August 22, 2008. • Central Intelligence Agency World Fact Book. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html August 22, 2008. • http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Kenya.pdf January 8, 2009. • Faces of Sudan. http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2008/06/faces_of_sudan.html. January 8, 2009. • http://www.ling.lancs.ac.uk/groups/crile/docs/crile54kitetu.pdf