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ISLAM AND THE MUSLIM EMPIRE. Islam. A monotheistic religion ; belief in one god. Islam started in the Middle East in the Arabian Peninsula in 622 A.D. Islam means submission , obedience, or peace. Muslim. Muslim, one who believes, a follower of Islam

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Islam
Islam

  • A monotheistic religion; belief in one god.

  • Islam started in the Middle East in the ArabianPeninsula in 622 A.D.

  • Islam means submission , obedience, or peace


Muslim
Muslim

  • Muslim, one who believes, a follower of Islam

  • Muslims worship the same one God of Christians and Jews

  • ALLAH is the Arabic word for God


Islam1
Islam

  • Muhammad—Prophet

  • Revelation ---a divine message from god

  • Archangel Gabriel—messenger who revealed Allah’s divine message to Muhammad



Muhammad the prophet
Muhammad the Prophet

  • Muhammad was born in Mecca

    570 A.D.

  • Mecca – people practiced a polytheistic religion, many gods and goddesses.

  • Kaaba—a temple built by Abraham and Ishmael. The Kaaba held the idols of many gods and goddesses.


Kaaba holy temple in mecca
KAABA holy temple in Mecca


Muhammad the prophet1
Muhammad the Prophet

  • Muhammad revealed the message to the citizens of Mecca.

  • Citizens of Mecca would not give up their many gods and goddesses.

  • Muhammad travelled to Medina in 622 A.D.

    known as Hegira.

  • Muhammad returns to Mecca with an army and takes control of Mecca.


Islam2
Islam

  • Quran—holy book of Islam

  • Mecca—holy city of Islam

  • Allah—Arabic word for God

  • Mosque- Muslim house of worship

  • Hajj—holy pilgrimage to Mecca



Five pillars of islam
FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM

  • Faith

  • Prayer

  • Alms—give to the poor

  • Fasting—

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca


How did the religion of islam change the culture and economy of mecca
How did the religion of Islam change the culture and economy of Mecca?

Muhammad conquered the city of Mecca and made it a holy city of Islam.

Polytheistic religious beliefs were replaced with a monotheistic religion, Islam.

The Kaaba, which once housed the statues of many gods and goddesses, was dedicated as a temple to Allah.


How did the religion of islam change the culture and economy of mecca1
How did the religion of Islam change the culture and economy of Mecca?

  • The Quran – the holy book of Islam

  • Islam’s laws cover daily life and how society should be run.


How did islam shape politics in mecca
How did Islam shape politics in Mecca of Mecca??

  • Muhammad created a government that was based on Islamic Law.

  • Islamic State– no separation of religion and government.

  • All Muslims were loyal to the Islamic State