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Community Health Centers: An Untapped Medical Surge Capacity Asset. Joan Watson-Patko, MSW Community Development Manager Community Clinic Association of Los Angeles County Kevin McCulley Emergency Preparedness Coordinator Association for Utah Community Health

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Community Health Centers: An Untapped Medical Surge Capacity Asset


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community health centers an untapped medical surge capacity asset

Community Health Centers: An Untapped Medical Surge Capacity Asset

Joan Watson-Patko, MSW

Community Development Manager

Community Clinic Association of Los Angeles County

Kevin McCulley

Emergency Preparedness Coordinator

Association for Utah Community Health

National Emergency Management Summit Presentation

February 3, 2008

about community health centers
About Community Health Centers
  • Serve a Medically Underserved Area or Population
  • Governed by a community board
  • Provide comprehensive primary care services
  • Provide access to care through a sliding fee scale for uninsured patients
  • Many are JCAHO accredited
accomplishments of community health centers
Accomplishments of Community Health Centers
  • Health Care Home for 16 million Americans
    • 1 of 7 uninsured persons (6.4 million)
    • 1 of 9 Medicaid/CHIP recipients (5.7 Million)
    • 1 of 4 low-income children (5.9 million)
    • 1 of 5 low-income births (400,000)
    • 1 of 9 rural Americans (7.9 Million)
    • 10 million people of color; 750,000 farm workers; 700,000 homeless persons

Source: NACHC website (report 8/07)

about community health centers1
About Community Health Centers
  • 2006 National data
    • 1,002 Health Center grantees
    • 29% of patients best served in language other than English
    • 71% with known incomes under 100% FPL
    • 40% uninsured
    • 426,000 prenatal patients
    • 97,000 staff FTEs
services provided
Services Provided
  • Primary medical & dental care
    • Employ Family Practitioners, Pediatricians, OB/GYNs, Internists, NPs, PAs.
    • Dentists & Dental Hygienists
  • Many provide mental health services
  • Other services as needed by community
    • Adult day and Home Health
    • Recuperative care for the homeless
    • Substance abuse treatment services
ancillary services provided
Ancillary Services Provided
  • Lab & Radiology
  • Certified Interpreters
  • Transportation Services
  • Outreach into the communities they serve
  • Case Management
  • WIC
  • Health Education
la surge examples
LA Surge Examples
  • Lessons Learned
    • Northridge earthquake
    • California wildfires
    • Mudslides
  • LA County Emergency Management Services
    • Coordination
    • Communication
    • Planning
    • Drilling
la surge examples1
LA Surge Examples

Disaster planning drills take place

on a regular basis

rural frontier surge examples
Rural/Frontier Surge Examples
  • May be only provider for 100 miles, so surge-related response can occur due to a variety of events
rural frontier surge examples1
Rural/Frontier Surge Examples
  • Mass Casualty Incidents
    • Triage
    • Care for “walking wounded”
    • Overflow care for EMS and small hospitals
  • Hazmat spills/decontamination tents
  • Point of coordination for community volunteers
  • Utah clinics response to bus crashes
bphc expectations
BPHC Expectations
  • HCs should use ICS and NIMS
  • HCs should integrate with local and regional plans, and seek agreements with local partners
  • HCs should have a communication plan that includes redundant methods
  • HCs should be able to collect and report data about patients seen as a result of a disaster
possible surge capacity roles
Possible Surge Capacity Roles
  • Surveillance and reporting at a community level
  • Coordination of community triage services
  • Serving/staffing POD sites
  • Provide care to existing patients, and patients unable to get hospital care
  • Provide disaster mental health services
possible surge capacity roles1
Possible Surge Capacity Roles
  • Provide information and education to vulnerable populations
  • Alternate Care Sites as capacity allows
  • Decontamination sites in rural areas
  • Supplement EMS and small hospitals with limited beds
  • Operating temporary sites to care for displaced existing patient base