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Frac 101. Heidi Reger Completions Engineer 4/18/13. Video. Gel - Guar. Crosslinkers. Frac Fluid. B +. -OH. +. H 2 O. Dry Powder (Guar). Hydrated Polymer. Breakers. Surfactants. Clay Control. Biocides. Fluid Demo. How much water is used?.

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Frac 101

Frac 101

Heidi Reger

Completions Engineer

4/18/13





Frac Fluid

B+

-OH

+

H2O

Dry

Powder

(Guar)

Hydrated

Polymer


Breakers

Surfactants


Clay Control

Biocides



How much water is used
How much water is used?

  • 50,000 bbls or 2.1 million gals per well

  • 0.08% of Colorado’s water use in 2010

  • Greeley’s water use for oil and gas was 2% in 2011, they released 36%.

  • Flowback and produced water can be recycled.

  • Water not taken out of the water cycle.

    • CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O + Energy

  • 1 BCF of methane gas yields 11 million gals of water




Protecting Our Water Aquifers

Surface Casing 800’

TD=260’

Top Gas=5013’

TD=8257’


Frac in facts
Frac’in Facts

  • First Frac 1947

  • 1.2 Million Wells Frac’d

  • North Dakota 3.0% Unemployment

  • 2017 US is predicted to be the top oil producer in the world

  • 90% of all natural gas wells drilled in US are frac’d 35,000 per year

  • Average deep shale gas well is 7,500 feet; 1.5 time deeper than the Grand Canyon

  • 9.2 Million Jobs in US from oil and gas


Resources
Resources

  • Completion Engineers

  • Industry Organizations

    • COGA, ANGA, Western Energy Alliance

  • Websites

    • www.energyindepth.org

    • www.ndenergyforum.com

    • www.FracFocus.org

    • Operators and Service companies




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