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Government, Religion, and Culture. The Glorious Revolution. King James forced off the thrown in 1688 and Placed his daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange on the thrown. Remember what happened to Chucky the First? The Parliament is getting more powerful.

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the glorious revolution
The Glorious Revolution
  • King James forced off the thrown in 1688 and Placed his daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange on the thrown.
  • Remember what happened to Chucky the First? The Parliament is getting more powerful.
  • William and Mary sign the English Bill of Rights.
slide4

The English Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights laid out certain basic rights for (at the time) all Englishmen. The Act set out that there should be:

no royal interference with the law. Though the sovereign remains the fount of justice, he or she cannot unilaterally establish new courts or act as a judge.

no taxation by Royal Prerogative. The agreement of the parliament became necessary for the implementation of any new taxes

slide5

The English Bill of Rights

no standing army may be maintained during a time of peace without the consent of parliament.

no royal interference in the freedom of the people to have arms for their own defense as suitable to their class and as allowed by law (simultaneously restoring rights previously taken from Protestants by James II)

no royal interference in the election of members of parliament

slide6

The English Bill of Rights

the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament

"grants and promises of fines or forfeitures" before conviction are void

no excessive bail or "cruel and unusual" punishments may be imposed

mercantilism
Mercantilism
  • The English viewed its American Colonies as an economic recourse.
  • The Colonies provided raw materials for English manufacturers, and a market for finished products.
  • As a nations trade grows, it gold reserve increase, and the nation becomes more powerful.
the navigation acts 1751 1763
Series of acts (laws) that directed the flow of goods between England and the Colonies.

Smuggling

Only British ships could transport imported and exported goods from the colonies.

The only people who were allowed to trade with the colonies had to be British citizens.

Commodities such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton wool which were produced in the colonies could be exported only to British ports.

The Navigation Acts1751 - 1763
colonial government
Colonial Government
  • Government in the colonies varies by the type of charter for that colony.
  • Question: What are the three types of colonial charters?
    • Charter Colonies
    • Proprietary Colonies
    • Royal Colonies
colonial government1
Colonial Government
  • As the colonies grew, so did the colonists views on government.
  • Time and distance from the mother-country necessitated some form of government to be in place.
  • The Crown also had the responsibility to enforce its laws on the colonies.
get out the vote

or

Not

Get Out The Vote

African

Americans

Women

Landless Poor

Indentured Servants

slide13

or

Not

African

Americans

Women

Landless Poor

Indentured Servants

Get Out The Vote

Only White,

Landowning

Males

Could Vote!!!

an american culture what did it entail
An American CultureWhat did it entail?

Education

Family Roles

Freedom of the Press

The Enlightenment

The Great Awakening

the great awakening
The Great Awakening
  • What are they awaking to?
  • A religious movement concentrated in New England and the Middle Colonies.
  • They called for a re-birth, “A return to the strong faith of earlier days.
  • Why would this movement not take hold in the South?
the great awakening1
The Great Awakening

Fire & Brimstone Preachers

Jonathan Edwards

slide17

The Family is the Foundation of Colonial Society

Men:

Worked the Fields, Built Houses and Barns, Represented Family in Community

Women:

Cooked, Made Butter and Cheese, Made Clothes, Tended Livestock, ect.

slide18

A Child's Life in The Colonies

Boys:

Indentured Servants or Apprentices

Young Women:

Maids, Cooks, Nurses, until married.

slide19

Education

Pennsylvania and Massachusetts set up public school systems – by law.

Colonists Valued Education and children were usually taught to read and write at home.

85 Percent Literacy Rate

freedom of the press
Freedom of the Press
  • The Internet of its Time
  • English Right of Free Speech
    • Zenger –v- Royal Gov
  • Q: What are some examples of Freedom of the Press where the majority of Americans would not agree with the ideas expressed?