Jalgaon River Linking Project. Prepared by :. Vijay Singhal,. IAS. River Linking Project. Why ?. Inter linking of rivers. Inter linking of rivers as a solution for drought and flood. It was Sir Arthur Cotton who had originally
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Jalgaon River Linking Project
Prepared by :
proposed the networking of rivers more than a
will solve the perennial problem of floods and
droughts and bring a boom in employment.
“Instead of thinking of interlinking of rivers only at times of flood and drought, it’s time that we should implement this programme with a great sense of urgency.”
“Of all the social and natural crisis we face, water crisis lie at the heart of our survival”
-Kochiro Matsuura, Director General of UNESCO
Jalgaon District: Brief History
June and July 2005
Lots of clouds – but no rains!
Water level drastically reduced in wells!
June and July 2005
Lots of clouds – but no rains!
This was the land situation !
Improper growth of crops due to insufficient rains
Idea Generation and Concept:
Necessity is the Mother of Inventions!
In the Monsoon of 2005, there were insufficient rains in the Jalgaon district – while the Girna Dam (a major project situated in south west, adjoining the Nashik district) was overflowing because of heavy rains in Nashik district. So this water, which was otherwise going waste in the Arabian Sea through Jalgaon district, was diverted – it was then the idea of river linking generated...
Average Rainfall of Jalgaon District: 700.28 MM
Bhokar Bari Medium Project
We’re thinking about how to solve the problem of drinking water in Parola Tah, Jalgaon District during this time of insufficient stocks of water...
In the meantime, Girna Dam in the adjoining district of Nashik, is at the verge of reaching its maximum capacity !
(post 15th July 2005)
Planning after discussion with Irrigation Department Officials
Girna Bori, Girna Titur, Girna Mhasva,Girna AnjaniStrategies Adopted
1. Providing water for drinking as well as irrigation purposes in the drought hit areas of Jalgaon district by using diverted excess overflowing water
2. Increase the efficiency of different water storage structures
3. Conserve the water by taking it through canals ducts, drains, nallas, natural drains etc. in the drought-prone areas
4. Carry out qualitative and quantitative assessment of water resource
5. Suggest suitable sites and methods for artificial recharge to augment ground water recharge in the area.
Girna Dam-Panzan Left Canal – Water Passage (Nala) – Kanoli River – Bori River –Dhamangaon Bandhara – Budhgaon Bandhara- Bori River -Bori Dam. Distance: 68 km
Girna Dam – Girna River-Jamda Bandharas –J amda Left Canal – Parola Branch link cut Canal – Mhasva Minor irrigation pond – Link Cut – Bhokarbari Medium. Project Distance: 132 km
Girna Dam-Girna river-Jamda Bandhara-Jamda Right Canal-Parola Branch Canal –Water Passage (Nala) - Kala Bandhara – Anjani River. Distance: 127 km
Girna Dam-Girna River-Jamda Bandhara-Jamda Right Canal-Water Passage (Nala) – Titur River–Hol Bandhara–Balad Bandhara–Wadgaon Bandhara-Titur River. Distance: 84 km
Girna Dam- Girna River-Jamda Dam-Girna River-Dahigaon Bandhara-Lower Girna left Canal-Water Passage (Nala) -Anjani River-Pimri Bandhara. Distance: 186 km
Work Done !
To divert excessive overflowing water,
the work of stone breaking and digging was carried out on war footing to create additional channel
Work started on war footing
Resulted in diversion of higher discharge
PVC lining increased rugosity coefficient
New Link Dug
Canal carrying capacity increased by raising its height
Carrying capacity of existing canals increased by raising bank height – these canals were then used for linking various rivers
Use of Canals for River Linking
Panzhan Left Canal was cut here to divert Girna’s water in the Kanholi and then Bori river through Big Nala (water passage)
Panzhan Left Canal was cut here to divert Girna’s water in Kanholi and then Bori river through Big Nala (water passage)
Post Project Scenario
Water overflowing the Weir
Village pond filled up using Girna River water
(Rotwad Tal. Dharangaon)
Water overflowing through Weir (Anjani River)
Farm pond filled up using Girna Riverwater (Tahsil : Dharangaon)
Wichkhed Weir, Parola Municipal Council
Water Supply Source
Water overflowing through Weir, Dahiwad Tal. Amalner, Dist. Jalgaon
Benefits Received :
Helped solve the drinking water problem of 5 municipal councils and 128 villages
(dependent population = 8,23,500)
Increased water table in some Tahsils (even after less rainfall) –
over 16,000 wells recharged as endorsed by GSDA( Groundwater Survey Development Agency of Govt), in its report
Life saver for almost lost crops!
Thousands of hectors of additional land irrigated; highest irrigation in the history of Jalgaon (about 35% more irrigated area) – even though 30% less than average rain fall
Area under irrigation:
Total of 4,486 Mcft (127Mm3) excessive overflowing water of Girna dam brought to use
- Cost of this water : Rs. 112 millions
Saved approximately Rs. 90 million of Water Scarcity Funds
in Rs crs
Savings in tanker costs
Increased benefit to
Irrigation Deptt.: Funds for basic survey repair & maintenance
Jalgaon Collectorate: Scarcity funds (Head:2245)
Municipal Corporation/Councils : Internal resources for augmenting water availability for drinking
MP/MLA Local Area Development Scheme: For various developmental work
Land-owners, agricultural communities and citizen groups contribution
RESOURCE CONVERGENCE : technical and financial
Following sources of funding were tapped:
Project Presentation to the
H.E. Smt. Pratibhatai Patil (President of India) and
Honorable Sh. Sharad Pawar (Union Minister for Agriculture)
by Vijay Singhal, IAS , Collector Jalgaon
Jalgaon River Linking Project Mhasva,Girna Anjani
Project Presentation to Hon. Chief Minister and Dy. Chief Minister
Watershed Development = Water Conservation + Diversion of Excess Water
The project outcomes appreciated by President of India H.E. Smt Pratibhatai Patil.
Appreciation by Hon. Sharad Pawar & Hon. C.M.of Maharashtra.
Dept of Adm Reforms, GoI identifies it as MODEL PROJECT & directed me to send copies (350 in all) of this project to Chief Secretaries of all states, all Secretary (Admn reforms), Parliament Library & 28 ATI,s in the Country for dissemination and replication.
Govt. of Maharashtra issued order to implement it in all the districts of Maharashtra.
Attended International River Symposium 2006 at Brisbane, Australia & presented there “Jalgaon River Linking Project”.
Delivered a keynote lecture on this project at an International Conference in Macau, China in 2007.
Provided lead discussion and presented innovative & pioneer work on Jalgaon River Linking project at State University of New York, Albany, USA and Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA in October, 2009
Invited by the then Chief Minister of Rajasthan, Hon. Smt Vasundhara Raje to share the experience. She also appreciated the efforts taken. She also visited Jalgaon to see River Linking Project.
Received Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar National Fellowship Award given by National Bhartiya Sahitya Academy for river linking project.
Project Recognition :
Project is not only successful but also sustainable. Its benefits are still being enjoyed by the people.
This project is positively received by all sections of society
84.52% are in favour of river linking efforts.
53.92% farmers noticed considerable rise in water levels of their wells.
64.64% people have positive approach towards Govt. Agency
26.15% households actively participated in execution of the links contributing to 2142 man-days.
42.42% people reported increase in their employment opportunities
SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEY: by JalaSRI, a Watershed Surveillance and Research Institute (a third party agency)-
Conducted survey of 840 households in 42 villages in year 2007