Chapter 13 Therapies. What Is Psychotherapy?. Any psychological technique used to facilitate positive changes in personality, behavior, or adjustment; some types of psychotherapy: Individual: Involves only one client and one therapist Client: Patient; the one who participates in psychotherapy
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Figure 13.4 Phil!
FIGURE 13.4 This graph shows extinction of self-destructive behavior in two autistic boys. Before extinction began, the boys received attention and concern from adults for injuring themselves. During extinction, the adults were taught to ignore the boys’ self-damaging behavior. As you can see, the number of times that the boys tried to injure themselves declined rapidly.
Figure 13.5 Phil!
FIGURE 13.5 Shown here is a token used in one token economy system. In this instance the token is a card that records the number of credits eared by a patient. Also pictured is a list of credit values for various activities. Tokens may be exchanged for items or for privileges listed on the board. (After photographs by Robert P. Liberman.)
Figure 13.6 Phil!
FIGURE 13.6 The dose-improvement relationship in psychotherapy. This graph shows the percentage of patients who improved after varying numbers of therapy sessions. Notice that the most rapid improvement took place during the first 6 months of once-a-week sessions.