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BLR’s Safety Training Presentations

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  1. BLR’s Safety Training Presentations Walking and Working Surfaces29 CFR 1910.21-30

  2. Top OSHA Violation • 1,465 citations • $1,702,391 in penalties • Open-sided floor or platform • Install standard guardrails

  3. Goals • Floor openings and holes • Stairs, ladders, slip and trip hazards • Quiz

  4. Open-Sided Floors And Platforms • 4 feet above ground must be guarded • Standard railing required • Protect workers below • Protect machinery below

  5. Examples of Open-Sided Hazards • Open pits, sumps, or ditches • Open chemical tanks • Vats of molten metals • Aboveground work platforms

  6. Floor Holes and Openings • Opening—measures 1 to 12 inches • Hole—greater than 12 inches • Floor, platform, pavement, yard • Guard with standard railing • Cover the hole or opening • Attend the hole or to protect with toeboard

  7. Stairway and Ladder Floor Opening • Guard by railing on exposed sides • Entrance may be open • Recommend a swing gate • Cover the opening

  8. Hatchway and Chute Floor Openings • Hinged cover • Removable railing • Fenced off area under the opening • Dropping materials—audible alarm • Skylights—screen or railing

  9. Wall Openings • 30 inches high and 18 inches wide • A person could fall through • Drop of more than 4 feet • Guard with rail, roller, fence, door • Install toeboard to protect against falling hazards

  10. Guardrails • Top rail—42 inches • Mid rail—21 inches • Toeboard—4 inches high • Withstand considerable force

  11. Aisles and Passageways • Clearance for material handling equipment • Marked permanent aisles • Heavy-traffic passage-ways equipped with walkways

  12. Floor Load Rating • Post load ratings • Mark plates covering floor openings • Mark aboveground walkways • Never exceed load rating limit

  13. Goals • Floor openings and holes • Stairs, ladders, slip and trip hazards • Quiz

  14. Fixed Industrial Stairs • Slip-resistant treads • Carry at least 1,000 lb • Not damaged or bent • Four steps—handrails

  15. Stair Safety • Use handrails • Walk—don’t run • Inspect for slippery surfaces or damaged steps • Do not put objects on steps

  16. Fixed Ladders • Permanently attached • Cages needed if longer than 20 feet • Maximum unbroken length of 30 feet • Ladder safety devices

  17. Setting Up the Ladder • Put it on a level surface • Angle the ladder properly • Secure the bottom • Extend 3 feet above the upper landing • Anchor the ladder at the top

  18. Climbing the Ladder • Face the ladder • Climb with both hands • Use a tool belt or bucket hanger • Keep your weight centered • Don’t stand on the top two rungs or steps of a stepladder

  19. Ladder Inspection • Rungs are in good condition and clean • Ladder locks function correctly • Ladder is nonconductive • Ladder’s feet are antislip

  20. Safe Walking And Working Surfaces • Workroom floors clean and dry • Workplace clean and orderly • Frequently cited violations • 15% workplace deaths, 16% disabling injuries

  21. Eliminate Trip Hazards • Pick up tools, materials, and trash • Walk around obstructions • Report dangerous walking and working surfaces • Keep file drawers closed • Watch placement of power cords

  22. Eliminate Slip Hazards • Clean up liquids • Sweep up debris and dust • Stop and repair leaks • Install absorbent around wet processes • Use warning signs or cones

  23. Slip-Resistant Shoes • Street shoes not intended for slip resistance • Soft rubber sole for slip resistance • Sole tread with channels • Still need to walk carefully

  24. Awareness of Walking Surface Hazards • Be aware of the hazards • Pay attention to where you are going • Adjust your stride according to the walking surface • Make wide turns at corners • Don’t block your vision when carrying items

  25. Goals • Floor openings and holes • Stairs, ladders, slip and trip hazards • Quiz

  26. Summary • Check for unguarded openings • Keep walkways free of hazards • Use stairs and ladders safely • Prevent slip and trip hazards

  27. Quiz 1. At what height above a lower level must an open-sided floor be guarded? 2. Name two of the three ways to keep someone from falling into a floor opening. 3. What does OSHA consider to be an unsafe wall opening? 4. How can you protect workers when dropping objects from an upper level? 5. What is the height of a standard guardrail?

  28. Quiz (cont.) 6. What number of steps triggers the need for handrails on stairs? 7. Fixed ladders require cages when they are how many feet high? 8. In order to prevent slips and trips, OSHA requires work surfaces to be and . 9. What is the best way to prevent tripping accidents? 10. What is the best way to prevent slip-related injuries?

  29. Quiz Answers 1. 4 feet 2. Railing, cover, attendant 3. 30 inches high and 18 inches wide 4. Fence off the area, audible alarm, attendant 5. 42 inches 6. Four steps 7. 20 feet 8. Clean and dry 9. Pick up tools, materials, and trash 10. Clean up liquids