Cadmium
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Cadmium. Regulated areas. Regulated areas are created where employees are exposed to concentrations above the PEL Respirators are provided for employees who must access regulated areas. 1a. Regulated areas. You must wear respirators when required to do so

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Regulated areas
Regulated areas

  • Regulated areas are created where employees are exposed to concentrations above the PEL

  • Respirators are provided for employees who must access regulated areas

1a


Regulated areas1
Regulated areas

  • You must wear respirators when required to do so

  • What job titles/functions are allowed access to restricted areas

  • Tour of regulated areas

1b


Requirements
Requirements

  • Substance safety data sheet (Appendix A)

  • Substance technical guidelines for cadmium (Appendix B)

2a


Requirements1
Requirements

  • Employers are required to control exposures to cadmium

  • Airborne concentrations must not exceed the action level or PEL

2b


Monitoring
Monitoring

  • Methods of detecting the presence or release of cadmium

  • Monitoring must be made available for employees to observe

3a


Monitoring1
Monitoring

  • If monitoring shows exposure at or above the action level, monitoring must be done:

    • at least every six months

    • when there are changes to personnel, processes, or controls

  • Lunchrooms are monitored and kept below the action level

3b


Monitoring2
Monitoring

  • Employees have a right to be notified in writing of monitoring results within 15 working days

  • Written notification must include corrective actions

3c


Physical hazards
Physical hazards

  • Flammable and explosive in powder form

  • Spontaneous combustion of dust

4b


Physical hazards1
Physical hazards

  • Sensitive to reaction with:

    • oxidizers

    • metals

    • hydrogen nitrite

    • zinc

    • selenium

    • sulfur dioxide

    • tellerium

4c


Physical hazards2
Physical hazards

  • Fire hazard when exposed to these chemical/substances:

    • oxidizers

    • metals

    • hydrogen nitrite

    • zinc

    • selenium

    • sulfur dioxide

    • tellerium

4d


Physical hazards3
Physical hazards

  • Fight fire with:

    • dry sand

    • dry dolomite

    • dry graphite

    • sodium chloride

  • Do not use water, foam, carbon dioxide or Halons

4e


Acute health hazards
Acute health hazards

  • Skin irritation

  • Eye irritation

  • Inhalation

4f


Acute health hazards1
Acute health hazards

  • Ingestion

  • Observable effects

4g


Chronic health hazards
Chronic health hazards

  • Carcinogen

  • Kidney damage

  • Respiratory damage

4h


Chronic health hazards1
Chronic health hazards

  • Reproductive health changes

  • Mutagenic

  • Tumorigenic

4i


Work practices
Work practices

  • Engineering controls and work practices are primary methods of control

  • Do not shake, blow, or use any other means to clean clothing, that would cause cadmium to become airborne

5a


Work practices1
Work practices

  • Rotation of work duties is not a valid method of compliance

  • Keep work surfaces free of cadmium

  • Clean up spills

5b


Work practices2
Work practices

  • Use HEPA-filtered vacuuming methods

  • Compressed air for cleaning should be used only with proper ventilation

5c


Work practices3
Work practices

  • Be aware of washing facilities

  • Respirators must be used where required

5d


Emergency procedures
Emergency procedures

  • Written emergency action plan

  • First aid measures

    • Eyes

    • Skin

    • Inhalation

    • Ingestion

6a


Emergency procedures1
Emergency procedures

  • Emergency evacuation

6b


Emergency procedures2
Emergency procedures

  • Cadmium metal dust is a fire hazard and reacts with:

    • oxidizers

    • acids

    • ammonia

    • selenium

    • sulpher dioxide

6c


Personal protective equipment
Personal protective equipment

  • Required for employees exposed above the PEL; or where skin or eye irritation is associated with exposure

    • Coveralls

    • Gloves, head coverings, and boots

    • Face shields, vented goggles

7a


Personal protective equipment1
Personal protective equipment

  • Selection, use, limitations, inspection

  • Cleaning and disposal

  • Changing rooms and storage

7b


Personal protective equipment2
Personal protective equipment

  • Repair/replace defective equipment

  • Decontamination

  • Any employee whose clothing is contaminated must immediately remove clothing and shower

7c


Personal protective equipment3
Personal protective equipment

  • Washing contaminated clothing

  • Splashproof eye or dust-resistant goggles

7d


Limitations of respirators
Limitations of respirators

  • Respirators are a critical element of the training program

  • Employees have a duty to wear respirators

  • Proper selection, donning, doffing, use, limitations, decontamination and storage

8a


Medical surveillance
Medical surveillance

  • Required for all employees who are, or may be exposed at or above the action level

  • Medical examinations are thorough

9a


Medical surveillance1
Medical surveillance

  • Employees may be medically removed from duty if testing/monitoring detects ongoing problems

9b


Medical surveillance2
Medical surveillance

  • Copies of physician’s written opinions

  • Records are retained for the duration of employment plus 30 years

9c


Medical surveillance3
Medical surveillance

  • Examinations will be conducted:

    • within 30 days of assignment

    • at least annually

    • whenever an employee is exposed above the action level

    • following an exposure

    • whenever an employee shows signs/symptoms of exposure

9d


Medical surveillance4
Medical surveillance

  • Examinations will be conducted:

    • for a year after an employee stops working with cadmium

    • at termination of employment

  • Examinations may be scheduled if biological monitoring detect high levels of cadmium

9e


Labeling system
Labeling system

  • Post and maintain signs around regulated areas

  • Report faded or missing signs

10a


Labeling system1
Labeling system

  • Labels are required on all containers similar to the following:

10b


Copies of the standard
Copies of the standard

  • Copies of the standard are available to employees

11a


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