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WATER ALLOCATION REFORM (WAR) Portfolio Committee on Water and Environmental Affairs 16 April 2013. PURPOSE. To appraise the PCWEA on the WAR program and provide progress to date. LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK. National Water Act, 1998. The Constitution, 1996.
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WATER ALLOCATION REFORM (WAR) Portfolio Committee on Water and Environmental Affairs 16 April 2013
PURPOSE To appraise the PCWEA on the WAR program and provide progress to date
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK National Water Act, 1998 The Constitution, 1996 Fundamental Principles & Objectives for a New South African Water Law, 1996 National Water Policy, 1997 National Water Resource Strategy, First Edition, 2004 Implications for Water Allocation Reform
POLICY OBJECTIVES The overarching objective of these National Water Policies is to achieve – ► Equity - in access to water resources and services, the use of water and the benefits from water use ► Sustainability - through measures to protect water resources to ensure indefinite availability for human use ► Efficiency – in the way all water is used Equity, sustainability and efficiency are all intimately related to Water Allocation Reform
1) To promote proactive action for redress 2) To achieve sustainable and equitable development 3) To support poverty eradication & economic development 4) To help balance resource protection, equity and growth WHY DO WE NEED A PROGRAMME FOR WATER ALLOCATION REFORM?
WHAT ARE THE UNDERLYING CONSIDERATIONS? • The way we allocate water can have severe economic, political, social and ecological consequences • Where we must re-allocate water – minimise the impacts on the economy • We must make sure that everyone has the capacity to use the water productively and responsibly • We must support development – but in an ecologically sustainable way
IMPLEMENTATION OF WAR There are two options of implementing WAR and are depending on the water status of the catchment WHERE WATER IS AVAILABLE the water use licensing process is being implemented taking into account the redress requirements (sec. 27 of the NWA) WHERE WATER IS NOT AVAILABLE Compulsory licensing process is undertaken (sec. 43 – 48 of the NWA)
APROACHES TO ACHIEVE EQUITY IN TERMS OF WAR STRATEGY • The Water Allocation Reform Strategy (WARS) proposes strategic mechanisms to achieve the set targets: • Set-Asides • General authorizations ( very limiting ) • Strategic alignment with other national initiatives • Compulsory Licensing • Partnerships • Review of the current WAR strategy
WHAT IS COMPULSORY LICENSING? COMPULSORY LICENSING IS A PROCESS WHERE YOU PUT ALL THE WATER BACK
WHAT IS COMPULSORY LICENSING? SET ASIDE SOME FOR THE RESERVE, STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL REQUIREMENTS THEN DIVIDE THE REST UP MORE FAIRLY IN THE BEST INTERESTS OF ALL SOUTH AFRICANS (locally, regionally & nationally)
WHY DO COMPULSORY LICENSING? • COMPULSORY LICENSING CAN BE USED TO [43(1)]:- • ACHIEVE FAIR ALLOCATION IN STRESSED CATCHMENTS • REVIEW CURRENT WATER USE TO ACHIEVE EQUITY • PROMOTE THE BENEFICIAL USE OF WATER • FACILITATE MANAGEMENT AND PROTECT QUALITY • IT ALSO: • LEVELS THE PLAYING FIELD (benefits for all) • LOOKS AT THE BIGGER PICTURE (aligns water allocations and other planning processes) • FOCUSES RESOURCES ON ACHIEVING EQUITY, AND • GIVES GREATER SECURITY TO EXISTING USERS.
PROGRESS ON COMPULSORY LICENSING CL has been initiated in 3 catchment namely Mhlathuze ( KZN) Tosca ( Northern Cape) Jan Dissel ( Western Cape) To date : Tosca has been completed Jan Dissel Preliminary Allocation Schedule gazetted Mhlathuze Proposed Allocation Schedule gazetted 13
WATER APPLICATIONS AND ALLOCATIONSURBAN / MUNICIPAL & INDUSTRIAL MHLATHUZE
INCORPORATION OF WAR INTO LOCAL GOVERNMENT PLANNING(IDP) The Evaluation Framework for Municipal IDP developed under the Municipal Systems Act No.32 of 2000, requires that sector departments(provincial and national): • Assess all the adopted (or draft) IDPs; • Participate in the development of IDPs and adoption of IDPs; and • Provide names of relevant senior officials to participate in the IDP assessment sessions.
INCORPORATION OF WAR INTO LOCAL GOVERNMENT PLANNING(IDP) CONT... In line with these requirements, the DWA undertook to: • Ensure that the national Evaluation Framework for Revised IDP incorporates water to be allocated for economic use and the balance between economic sectors. • Participate in national and provincial planning and IDP forums which coordinates the IDP process(development and implementation) through COGTA. • Provide written comments/input into the approved IDP, with a specific focus in ensuring that water issues are taken into account when doing project plans. These activities are ongoing and through this platform DWA is able to identify and support those projects with quick wins in achieving WAR targets.
SUMMARY OF LICENCES ISSUED TO HDI’s AND BREAKDOWN PER REGION AND VOLUME
SUMMARY OF LICENCES ISSUED TO HDI’s AND BREAKDOWN PER SECTOR AND VOLUME
ISSUES/ CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WAR • Disproportionately large number of authorisations still in the hands of Whites; • Most water use applications being received from whites without any demonstration/indications of how they are to contribute to redress and equity; • Water resources in some catchments already depleted; • Difficulties experienced by blacks to participate in water resource management and to use water for productive purposes.
PROPOSED SOLUTIONS TO WAR CHALLENGES • Promote awareness to HDI on access to water for economic development; • Prioritizing validation and verification of water use so as to release water for equity; • Strengthening cooperative governance with (DRDLR; DAFF) other departments to ensure water footprint in HDIs related projects; • Legislative review to allow improved implementation of the program
CONCLUSION Water Allocation Reform (WAR) is a complex and costly exercise; Its success depends on cooperative governance arrangements and political support;