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Vocabulary Workshop. Unit 2: #’s 1-20. www.vocabularyworkshop.com. adverse. (adj.) unfavorable, negative; working against, hostile Synonyms: difficult, trying Some people suffer an adverse reaction if they eat peanut butter or anything with peanuts. arid.

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vocabulary workshop

Vocabulary Workshop

Unit 2: #’s 1-20

www.vocabularyworkshop.com

adverse
adverse
  • (adj.) unfavorable, negative; working against, hostile
  • Synonyms: difficult, trying

Some people suffer an

adverse reaction if they eat

peanut butter or anything with

peanuts.

slide3
arid
  • (adj.) extremely dry; uninteresting, dull
  • Synonyms: waterless, parched, boring, unimaginative

Although California leads the nation in farming, crops won’t grow in its most arid regions.

assailant
assailant
  • (n.) a person who attacks violently (with blows or words)
  • Synonyms: assaulter, attacker, mugger

The jogger was injured by an unknown assailant who left him immobile on the side of the road.

billow
billow
  • (n.) a large wave
  • Synonym: breaker
  • (v.) to rise or swell like a wave
  • Synonym: surge, bulge, balloon

Fans cheered enthusiastically when they saw their team’s flags billow over the stadium.

confront
confront
  • (v.) to meet face-to-face, especially as a challenge; comes to grips with
  • Synonym: face, encounter

In court, defendants can confront their accusers in a controlled setting.

constrain
constrain
  • (v.) to force, compel, to restrain, hold back
  • Synonyms: pressure, restrict, confine, limit

You can’t constrain me against my will.

contemporary
contemporary
  • (adj.) belonging to the same period of time as oneself
  • Synonyms: present-day, modern, current
  • (n.) a person of the same time
  • Synonyms: peer

His novel used a contemporary style but had a historical setting.

Rather than ask parents for help, teens often turn to a contemporary for advice.

depict
depict
  • (v.) to portray; to represent or show in a form of a picture
  • Synonym: sketch, draw, picture, illustrate

The painter chose to depict a plain prairie landscape using bold colors and shadows.

disinterested
disinterested
  • (adj.) fair-minded, free from selfish motives; indifferent
  • Synonyms: neutral, impartial, unbiased, apathetic

A judge must remain disinterested in order to render an evenhanded and logical decision.

encompass
encompass
  • (v.) to encircle, go or reach around; to enclose; to include with a certain group or class
  • Synonyms: surround, envelop, comprise

Oceans encompass about three-fourths of the surface of our planet.

groundless
groundless
  • (adj.) without any good reason or cause, unjustified
  • Synonyms: baseless, unsupported

Joe’s groundless fear of hurting himself during exercise has left him weak and out of shape.

hypocrite
hypocrite
  • (n.) a person who pretends to be what he or she is not or better than he or she really is; a two-faced person
  • Synonyms: phony, charlatan, fraud

The speaker who said one thing but did something else entirely was regarded as a hypocrite.

incomprehensible
incomprehensible
  • (adj.) impossible to understand
  • Synonyms: baffling, confusing, bewildering

Our school’s intercom system is so old that this morning’s announcements were almost incomprehensible.

manipulate
manipulate
  • (v.) to handle or use skillfully; to manage or control for personal gain or advantage
  • Synonyms: work, maneuver, exploit, influence
  • Scientist should not manipulate data.
maximum
maximum
  • (n.) the greatest possible amount or degree
  • (adj.) reaching the greatest possible amount or degree
  • Synonyms: largest, highest, utmost
  • The postage scale can weigh a maximum of only five pounds.
mimic
mimic
  • (n.) a person who does imitations
  • Synonym: copycat, impersonator
  • (v.) to imitate; to make fun of
  • Synonym: parrot, impersonate
  • The comedy troupe has many talented members, but it still needs to hire a good mimic.
ruffle
ruffle
  • (v.) to wrinkle, make uneven; to annoy, upset, to flip through
  • (n.) a gathered strip of material used for trimming edges; a ripple; a low drumbeat
  • Synonyms: (v.) disturb (n.) frill
  • Try not to let wisecracks ruffle your feelings.
  • My favorite pillow is soft and fluffy to the touch and has a velvet ruffle.
serene
serene
  • (adj..) peaceful, calm; free of emotional upset; clear and free of storm; majestic, grand
  • Synonyms: tranquil, composed, fair, august

How does she manage to stay so serene in the face of such chaos.

sheepish
sheepish
  • (adj.) embarrassed; resembling a sheep in meekness, timid
  • Synonyms: shamefaced, meek
  • His sheepish grin made the crowds cheer all the more for his unlikely victory.
stamina
stamina
  • (n.) the strength needed to keep going or overcome physical or mental strain; staying power
  • Synonym: endurance
  • Marathon runners need a great deal of stamina.