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GUSTAV MAHLER MUSIC 1010-043

GUSTAV MAHLER MUSIC 1010-043

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GUSTAV MAHLER MUSIC 1010-043

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  1. GUSTAV MAHLERMUSIC 1010-043

  2. Born July 7, 1860 • First piano recital at the age of ten • Overcame anti-Semitic views to graduate from the Vienna conservatory in 1878 • Won multiple rewards for his piano performances while at the conservatory

  3. Took conducting jobs to support his composing • Known for changing how opera was traditionally presented • Was viewed as being on a different level than his contemporaries

  4. Conducting Career • Hungary • New York Metropolitan • Leipzig • Vienna • Bohemia • Prague • Hamburg • Budapest • New York Philharmonic

  5. Marriage to Alma Schindler • Ten year marriage to Alma Schindler was often strained due to… • Nineteen year age difference • Death of oldest child • Suicide of Mahler’s youngest brother • Identity crisis felt by Mahler due to his conversion to Roman Catholicism for political reasons

  6. An affair between Alma Schindler and Walter Gropius led to famous discussion between Mahler and Freud This encounter is often studied and discussed both by music and psychology scholars. It has even been the topic of a movie

  7. Never completed an opera, but changed how it was presented • Better known for symphonies and Lieder • Scherzo and sonata form gave his music a signature feel • Expanded the romantic orchestra to huge numbers

  8. Mahler’s 8th symphony called for one thousand performers

  9. Seen as a bridge between 19th century traditions and 20th century modernism Inspired Arnold Schoenberg Alban Berg and Anton Webern They would go on to lead the German music world

  10. Died May of 1911 of a blood infection • His music was rarely performed in years following his death • Music further buried by Nazi Germany declaring it “degenerate music” that saw it banned in most of Europe • Has been rediscovered and revived in last 50 years

  11. 5th Symphony Mvmt. 1

  12. Mahler wrote his 5th symphony in the summers of 1901 and 1902 while on vacation from being director of the Vienna Opera • First purely instrumental piece since Mahler’s 1st symphony • The first movement is known as the “Funeral March of Joy” due to the mix of joyous and somber themes

  13. 0:11 Horn fanfare 0:27 Horns change contour 0:48 drumroll added 0:55 Somber and forte contour

  14. 1:04 Marching 1:17 Somber melody 1:50 Melody picks up momentum 1:57 March repeated

  15. 2:10 Four note sequence 2:25 Hopeful melody 2:40 Drumroll 2:50 Ascending melody

  16. 3:00 Melancholy melody 3:32 Textured melody 3:40 Forte and piano switches

  17. 4:05 Major scale 4:25 Melody played piano 4:55 Tension buildup

  18. 5:10 Feeling of chaos 5:30 Sense of relief as dissonance ends 5:44 Percussion emphasized

  19. 6:15 Contrasting melodies 6:25 Melodies battle 6:38 Melodies merge 6:50 Fanfare played

  20. 7:15 Volume progressively rises 7:28 Quick four note sequence 7:45 Four note sequence is layered

  21. 8:14 Melody rises an octave 8:30 Melody switches from forte to piano 8:51 Alto and soprano instruments play

  22. 9:19 Soprano notes added as texture 9:36 Drum beat played solo 9:49 Contrasting melodies played over each other

  23. 10:15 Melodies pick up speed 10:36 Melodies calm 10:51 Quick soprano melody joins in

  24. 11:15 Instruments play one note 11:25 instruments break off from single note to play varying melodies 11:53 Alto instrument left playing it’s melody solo

  25. 12:03 Four note sequence repeated 12:20 sequence played in soprano 12:33 Piano drum rumble 12:34 Piece ends with one final contrabass note

  26. Works Referenced “Gustav Mahler” classical.net “Gustav Mahler Biography” imdb.com “Symphony No. 5: Gustav Mahler” laphil.com “Mahler’s “Funeral March to Joy” mahlerfest.org